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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 10, 1948

    Soviet Political, Economic, and Cultural Aid to the DPRK People for the DPRK's Democratic Construction

    The Ministry of Culture and Propaganda publishes a pamphlet on the Soviet Union's tremendous assistance to the DPRK and contrasts the Soviet Union with the behavior of the US and Japan.

  • January 08, 1949

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao thanks Stalin for sending over Ivan Kovalev to help with economic struggles in China. Mao asks for materials with which China may build railroads.

  • February 06, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation between Anastas Mikoyan and Mao Zedong

    Anastas Mikoyan and Mao Zedong discuss Outer Mongolia, the Sino-Soviet treaty, the situation of the national minorities in China, the economic policy of the CCP, the structure of state power, the head of the Chinese government, the "new situation" and the cadres, the Soviet loan to China, the CCP CC plans for February-March, and the youth movement.

  • September 30, 1950

    Memorandum from Gromyko to Stalin, 30 September 1950, with draft cable from Gromyko to Shtykov

    A message from Gromyko to Stalin relaying the assessment of Shtykov that it would be prudent for the Soviet Union to withdraw some nonessential embassy personnel and specialists from North Korea. Gromyko advises that withdrawals should be considered only in consultation with North Korea and the appropriate Soviet ministeries.

  • June 23, 1953

    CPSU Central Committee Memorandum to the SED Central Committee, Enclosure to Minutes No. 40 from the SED Politburo Session of 21 June 1953

    In response to a request for aid by the SED CC, this memorandum from the CPSU CC states that the Soviet government will provide assistance to improve the distribution of goods to the GDR population, and recommends immediate measures be taken to reduce confusion and increase trust in the SED government.

  • August 03, 1953

    Protocol No. 22 of a Meeting of the Special Committee Under the Council of Ministers of the USSR

    This document approves one million rubles in aid to be given to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea for the recovery of the nation's economy, which was damaged by the war.

  • August 10, 1953

    Protocol No. 24 of a Meeting of the Special Committee Under the Council of Ministers of the USSR

    An assignment of tasks pertaining to aid dispersement were given at the meeting--Molotov must write the telegram to Kim Il Sung informing him of one million rubles of aid to be sent; Molotov and Mikoyan were given the task of answering any questions that arose in response to the telegram.

  • May 30, 1956

    Report by N. T. Fedorenko on a Meeting with DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo

    Discussions between Fedorenko and Ri Sangjo about the economic troubles in North Korea and potential Soviet aid, allowing the Ministry of Internal affairs to observe Soviet institutions, unrest in the KWP CC, and the power of Kim Il Sung

  • September 23, 1956

    Untitled report about a Communist delegation's visit to Moscow

    Delegates from Damascus and Cairo visit Moscow to visit the Russian Labor Union and request support in the Canal cause, labor issues, and other policy areas.

  • April 17, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 17 April 1957

    Kim Il Sung and the Soviet Union trade delegation discuss the DPRK's economic conditions and terms for trade between the Soviet Union and North Korea. Afterwards, Nam Il gives Puzanov an overview of discrepancies in the North Korean and Polish delegations' draft communiques.

  • November 16, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comr. Botsin, the Deputy Director of the Economic Office at the Embassy of the USSR

    The document features a conversation between Brzezinski Henryk and comrade Botsin regarding the economic situation in the DPRK for the 4th quarter of 1957. Comr. Botsin states that the basic problem of the Korean economy is a shortage of cotton, iron rod, and coking coal. He provides details regarding assistance from the Soviet Union.

  • December 31, 1975

    Todor Zhivkov, Reports to Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo on his Visit to Cuba

    Todor Zhivkov reports his impressions of his recent visit to Cuba. The report is a rough outline of topics ranging from advancements in the Cuban revolution since 1959 to prospective ways to improve Bulgarian-Cuban relations. In the report Zhivkov presents his assessment of the Cuban Communist Party congress. Party documents show a maturing understanding of Marxism-Leninism and a new clarity in the Cuban Communist Party as a whole. Zhivkov’s report includes examples of Cuba’s self-criticism and Zhivkov’s own criticism of Cuba’s leadership. Some topics of discussion include: cultural and economic specialist exchanges, the price of sugar, Cuba’s increased collaboration with Soviet Union and other socialist nations, and economic subsidies and aid.

  • January 13, 1979

    Minutes of Conversation, Todor Zhivkov – Leonid Brezhnev

    Leonid Ilyich analyzes the establishment of US-Chinese diplomatic relations and recent developments in Iran and the Middle East. Todor Zhivkov talks about Bulgaria’s economic development and the Soviet cancellation of Bulgarian debt.

  • January 14, 1982

    CPSU CC Politburo transcript, 14 January 1982 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev discusses Soviet talks with Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs, Czyrek. Brezhnev also informs the Politburo about the state of the PZPR, the Polish economy, the newly instituted Polish martial law, and the leadership of Jaruzelski.

  • March 10, 1988

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Politburo meeting centered on Comecon and the importance of maintaining fruitful trade relationships with other socialist nations.