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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 20, 1979

    Saddam and High-Ranking Officials Discussing Khomeini, the Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict, the Potential for Kurdish Unrest, and the Iranian Economy

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam and some Iraqi diplomatic personnel dated 20 February 1979. The meeting's main issue was Iran and Khomeini. One of the attendants asked Saddam if there is any possibility of turbulence in Iranian Kurdistan due to the internal chaos of the Iranian government. And if so, how would it affect Iraqi Kurdistan. They talked about the Iranian economy and the Iranian army. They said that the Iranian air force contains mostly American jets and it was built on American experience. Secondly they had a discussion about Eritrea and the diplomatic relationship between Iraq and Eritrea.

  • November, 1979

    Saddam and His Inner Circle Discussing Relations with Various Arab States, Russia, China, and the United States

    Transcript of a meeting between President Saddam Hussein amd Iraqi officials, taking place sometime between 4-20 November 1979. Saddam discusses relations with Europe, Russia, China, the Gulf countries, and the United States. Iraqi officials criticize Libya and Syria for their support to Iran. Another official criticizes the Egyptian President Anwar Al-Sadat for his attitudes in making peace agreement with Israel. Saddam accuses the Americans of playing a central role in overthrowing the Shah of Iran.

  • January 01, 1980

    General Military Intelligence Directorate Report Assessing Political, Military, and Economic Conditions in Iran

    This file contains a top secret intelligence report about Iran, issued by the General Military Intelligence Directorate (GMID), dated 01 January 1980 to 30 June 1980. mThe report includes information about the political, economic and military situation in Iran, including political system of the Iranian regime, information about different political parties in Iran, information about opposing Iranian groups, the crisis in the Iranian economy due to the sanctions and decrease in oil exporting, Iranian economic relations and activities, the status of different Iranian military units, and information about the Iranian navy and the air force.

  • September, 1980

    Transcript of a Meeting between Saddam and His Commanders Regarding the Iran-Iraq War

    This file contains a transcript of a conversation between President Saddam Hussein and top officials in the Iraqi Regime during the Iran-Iraq War. They discussed the Iranian air force and fighter planes, Israeli attempts to strike the Iraqi nuclear plant, and events on the front lines of the war.

  • September 16, 1980

    Saddam Hussein and His Advisers Discussing Iraq's Decision to Go to War with Iran

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein, the National Command and the Revolutionary Command Council discussing the military situation during the Iran-Iraq War, mainly regarding the disputed territory along the Shatt Al-'Arab river.

  • October, 1980

    Saddam Hussein and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing the Conflict with Iran, Iraqi Targets and Plans, a Recent Attack on the Osirak Reactor, and Various Foreign Countries

    This file contains a transcript of a meeting about the Iran-Iraq War held in October 1980 with Saddam Hussein and high Iraqi officials such as the Minister of Defense, the Chief of Staff of the Army, and the Director of Military Intelligence. Contains discussions regarding the status of Iran-Iraq War and current military plans and preparations to resist Iranian raids effectively by air and sea. Includes discussion about several attacks by Israeli fighters on an Iraqi nuclear reactor and discussion of military operations and targets in Iran.

  • October 06, 1980

    Transcripts of Meetings between Saddam and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing Military Tactics During the War with Iran, Including the Use of Napalm and Cluster Bombs, Tank Maneuvering, and Attacking Oil Refineries

    This file contains meeting minutes dated 6 October 1980 from meetings headed by Saddam Hussein with the top officials of the Iraqi regime and the high ranking officers of the Iraqi Armed Forces, regarding ammunition and military equipment, coordination between the air defense sectors, Iranian air raids, and air force targets in Iran.

  • October 08, 1980

    Letter from Saddam Hussein to Todor Zhivkov on Iraq-Iran War

  • November 22, 1980

    Transcript of a Meeting between Saddam Hussein and the Armed Forces General Command

    Saddam Hussein received an update from the Iraqi Armed Forces General Command on the progress of the Iran-Iraq War.

  • March 02, 1981

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the developments of Soviet-Iraqi relations

    This report by Dr. Gy. Tatár of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq describes the deterioration of relations between Iraq and the Soviet Union, and reports that Iraq's increased openness to the West and the Iran-Iraq War are among the reasons for this trend.

  • March 30, 1981

    Hungarian Foreign Ministry report on the visit of the Iraqi deputy prime minister in Hungary between 18-20 March 1981

    Iraqi First Deputy Prime Minister Taha Jasin Ramadhan discusses the Iran-Iraq War and the improvement of relations with Hungary.

  • April 14, 1981

    Announcement by Hungarian Prime Minister György Lázár on the new Soviet position concerning the shipment of arms to Iraq and Iran at the HSWP Political Committee meeting on 14 April 1981

    György Lázár informs the Political Committee that the Soviet Union intends to lift their embargo on the transportation of military hardware to Iran and Iraq.

  • October, 1981

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Senior Advisors Following the Israeli Attack on Osirak

    Saddam Hussein discusses the Israeli air strike against the Iraqi reactor at Osirak, explaining why the attack was expected and his reasons for pursuing nuclear weapons development.

  • October 01, 1981

    Saddam and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing the Conflict with Iran, Iraqi Targets and Plans, a Recent Attack on the Osirak Reactor, and Various Foreign Countries

    Meeting of top Iraqi officials to discuss the ongoing war with Iran and Israeli air strikes.

  • 1982

    Saddam Hussein Meeting with His Cabinet to Discuss the 1982 Budget

    Transcript of an audio file containing a meeting between Saddam Hussein and the Cabinet to discuss the 1982 budget. They discuss the requirements of the various ministries and the need for financial austerity. They discuss the implications for various sectors--health, education, services, agriculture, and others. They discuss defense expenditures as well. Inflation and food prices are also mentioned. Saddam discusses the patriotism of the Iraqi people.

  • August 26, 1982

    Memorandum, Information for the President, 'Trade Promotion. Brazil-Iraq. Economic-Commercial Relations'

    Memo to President Figueiredo highlighting the 1,000% increase in Brazil-Iraq bilateral trade between 1971 and 1980, but also points to a non-conducive environment for Brazilian companies in Iraq despite their heroic decision to remain there during the war, unlike other foreign companies. Attached to the document we find a draft of a letter from President Figueiredo to his “great and good friend” Saddam Hussein, in which he is seeking Hussein’s solidarity and understanding the necessity to resolve the issues on the bilateral economic agenda.

  • July 04, 1983

    Information by the Soviet Ambassador in Budapest on the situation in Iran

    This bulletin from the Soviet ambassador to Hungary describes Soviet relations with Iran, including tensions relating to Iranian communists and the double containment policy created by Soviet military aid to Iran, as well as Iraq, during the Iran-Iraq War.

  • December 15, 1983

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the emergence of an internal crisis in the top Iraqi leadership

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq describes the debate by the Iraqi leadership over two main options on how to proceed regarding the Iran-Iraq War and the possibility of a regime change.

  • December 22, 1984

    Report on the negotiations of Hungarian Deputy Foreign Minister Róbert Garai in Iraq between 11 and 13 December 1984

    This report on the negotiations between the Hungarian deputy foreign minister and top Iraqi politicians in Baghdad in 1984 shows Iraqi tensions with Iran and concern about USSR military aid to Iran.

  • 1985

    Saddam Hussein and His Inner Circle Discussing the United Nations, the Soviet Union, and the United States

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and high ranking Iraqi officials regarding the Iran-Iraq war. They discuss the cease-fire negotiations, the UN Security Council, military and diplomatic issues, and Soviet and US Policy in the region.