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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 24, 1962

    Annual Report by Polish Military Attache in Moscow

    General Wyderkowski reports on topics such as: problems within the Soviet Union specifically with economic and industry production; military industry development observations, including nuclear preparations; suggestion for more interaction between army and society; efforts for positive relationship between Polish Embassy and Moscow and little contact with capitalist countries; 22nd Congress of the Soviet Union; new military training techniques; and foreign policy, especially increased interest in diplomatic ties to Africa.

  • October 18, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Washington (Drozniak), 18 October 1962

    Drozniak forwards a report from US Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs [Edwin M.] Martin. Martin says that the Americans are well-informed of the military situation in Cuba, that Cuba does not possess nuclear weapons (nor will they be likely to because the USSR did not give such weapons to China, so why would they give them to Cuba?), that the level of the Cuban economy is twenty-five percent lower than the period before Fidel Castro came to power and Cuba is much more economically dependent on the USSR, and finally that any military invasion or complete blockade of Cuba would be considered an act of war by the USSR.

  • August 20, 1968

    Report No. 10 from Generals Pavlovsky and Kovalov to Brigadier General Florian Siwicki

    General Pavlovsky writes to the Commander of the Polish Second Army, Brigadier General Florian Siwicki. He lists preliminary steps in Operation Danube where the troops enter from Poland into Czechoslovakia.

  • January 07, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Validity of Polish General Dubicki's Comments to the Press about Alleged Soviet Troops Wearing Polish Uniforms'

    Assesses the validity of Gen. Leon Dubicki's allegations Soviet troops are wearing Polish uniforms in the implementation of martial law.

  • January 23, 1981

    Memorandum from John N. McMahon to the Secretary of State, Defense, and Director of National Security, 'Polish Ministry of Defense Drafting Plans to Utilize the Polish Military to Implement Martial Law'

    Sources reveal the Soviet-supported Polish government intends to declare a state of Martial Law.

  • March 16, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation discusses the preparation for martial law through appointing Defense Council and committee members, martial law paperwork, increasing the defense budge from Soviet loans, and expanding military exports.

  • March 30, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated document discusses possible military and Soviet intervention to deal with political unrest in the wake of implementing martial law.

  • April 02, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Soviet Reaction to Polish Proposals Regarding the Declaration of Martial Law'

    Translated memorandum discusses how Ministry of Defense documents concerning martial law were translated and presented to Brezhnev. The document later explains the parameters set up by Brezhnev and Polish officials under which martial must be set up and executed.

  • April 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated correspondence between the USSR and Poland concerning the stationing of 66,000 Soviets troops in Poland as well as various exercises for attacks and natural disasters.

  • April 29, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and the Director of the National Security Agency, 'Soviet-Polish Positions on the Declaration of Martial Law in Poland...'

    Translation outlines discussions between Soviet and Polish officials as to the preparedness of Poland to instate martial law. In addition, it recounts the meeting of the 23rd Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact in Sofia, Bulgaria and Soviet Air Operations in Poland.

  • June 10, 1981

    Memorandum from Max Hugel to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Proposed Polish Military Measures in Connection with the Current Political Situation in Poland'

    Hugel alerts the recipients of the memorandum that confidential sources reveal increased militarization in Poland to enforce the party line and are one step closer to martial law.

  • July 17, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Polish General Staff Evaluation of Soviet Military PResence and Activities in Poland...'

    Report outlines the conflicting views of Polish military and government leadership on the implementation of martial law and growing influence of the Soviet military.

  • August 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a document the Polish government intended to circulate should martial law be announced.

  • September 25, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation about a meeting of the National Defense Committee where they discuss several ways to implement martial law, and consider asking for assistance from the USSR or other Warsaw Pact states.

  • December 15, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Background to the Polish Imposition of Martial Law'

    Report comes after the declaration of martial law, and takes intelligence from a former Polish General Staff Officer to illuminate some of the details that went into the planning of martial law.

  • December 18, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Influence Among the Current Polish Leadership and Composition of the Council of National Salvation'

    Report elaborates on how the imposition of martial law makes the Polish government more reliant on Soviet authorities.

  • December 21, 1981

    Central Intelligence Agency, 'Background to Present Situation in Poland and Possible Soviet Role'

    Report outlines the various factors leading up to martial law, including Soviet influence, possible Warsaw Pact intervention, and possible public backlash.

  • January 27, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Pressure on Polish Leaders to Impose Martial Law'

    Report details interactions between Polish and Soviet military officials, including angry phone calls between Gen. Jaruzelski and Brezhnev.

  • January 29, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Relationship between the Polish Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Internal Affairs'

    Cable includes information on the acceptance of KGB advisors, military appointments, and resistance to Soviet penetration.

  • May 13, 1982

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Relationship between Soviet Military Representation to Poland and the Polish General Staff'

    Report explains the previously waning influence of Soviet officers on the Polish military, discussing their housing, decreasing size and role in the Polish armed forces.