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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 05, 1947

    The Marshall Plan, Speech by US Secretary of State George C. Marshall

    Speech in which George C. Marshall lays out the "Marshall Plan" for US aid to assist in the re-building of post-war Europe.

  • May 09, 1950

    Schuman Declaration at Salon de l'Horloge at the Quai d'Orsay in Paris

    In this speech, French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman reads a statement describing a shared organization that would manage French and German production of coal and steel. It served as a foundational moment for European integration and the future European Economic Community.

  • May 18, 1955

    Minutes of the Meetings on 22 and 25 April 1955 at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs under the direction of Mr. Massigli

    This collection of minutes details a dicussion on the possiblity of an extension and futher integration of European politics and economies.

  • February 28, 1956

    Draft minutes from Conference of Foreign Ministers of the ECSC on 11 and 12 February 1956

    These minutes include discussions of a new system to bring widespread technical renewal of European industry.

  • November 09, 1956

    Note by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Economic Cooperation

    This note describes panel discussions, which took place on the visit of Chancellor Adenauer to Paris, helping to reach an agreement on outstanding issues regarding Euratom.

  • November 13, 1956

    Draft Minutes of the Conference of Foreign Affairs of the Member States of the ECSC on 20 and 21 October 1956

    This document details discussions which took place during the Conference of Foreign Affairs between members of the ECSC in regard to extending their integration.

  • February 21, 1957

    Telegram from Couve de Murville

  • May 07, 1957

    Press Conference on 7 May 1957 by Louis Armand, 'A Target for Euratom'

    This press conference given by Louis Armand, future first president of Euratom, details a report advocating the creation of an industrial substrate capable of producing by the end of the century abundant energy so that Europe may regain its independence and rethink its economy.

  • May 25, 1957

    French Ambassador to West Germany to Foreign Minister Christian Pineau, 'Extension to Berlin European Treaty on the Common Market and Euratom'

  • December 21, 1960

    Report to Minister of Foreign Affairs Antonio Segni

    Praise for Paul-Henri Spaak in helping NATO unify Western Europe and integrate the Allied states’ economic, political, and military objectives in their ongoing struggle against the Soviet Union.

  • June 28, 1963

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Alessandrini to Minister of Foreign Affairs Piccioni

    In this report to Foreign Minister Piccioni, Alessandrini addresses the key problems with NATO, focusing on the lack of internal cohesion . He names the German problem as the most important issue of the alliance, but touches also on De Gaulle's politics and European integration.

  • July 07, 1972

    Letter by Federal Chancellor, Brandt to the President of the United States of America, Nixon 7 July 1972

    Letter written by Brandt to President Nixon on economic affairs. Brandt explains why common currency would work for Europe and why the States' cooperation is needed. The letter also includes a part on Moscow's viewpoint for the currency issue.

  • October 15, 1972

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs Note, 'French military nuclear policy and its consequences for the European unification'

    The note suggests that French motives for developing nuclear capabilities are political rather than based on national security considerations. France seeks to insure a key role in global political and military balance, and its behavior creates unfavorable conditions for the development of common European defense.

  • May 01, 1973

    Report by Diplomatic Advisor of the Prime Minister Andrea Cagiati, 'Atlantic Declaration'

    Cagiati analyzes Kissinger's speech from April 23 in light of conversations between Nixon and Andreotti. The US efforts to emphasize the importance of transatlantic relations and Europe's role in advancing democratic ideas could create an opportunity to relaunch the process of European integration.

  • January 31, 1974

    Letter by Permanent Representative to NATO Catalano di Melilli to Minister of Foreign Affairs Aldo Moro

    Catalano di Melilli, Italy's permanent representative to NATO, writes to Foreign minister Aldo Moro about the existing confusion in the realm of international relations. He expresses concern over the process of European integration, and underlines the importance of maintaining good relations to the United States.

  • July 04, 1974

    Letter by the Italian Ambassador in London, Raimondo Manzini, to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Aldo Moro

    Italian Ambassador to London, Raimondo Manzini, writes to Foreign minister Moro in the aftermath of the 1974 Ottawa Declaration. He discusses the British interest in reviving the Special Relationship with the US and its effects on European politics, and suggests that through intensified dialogue and cooperation, an Anglo-Italian solidarity could function as a counterweight to the close Franco-German relations.

  • May 13, 1975

    Record of Conversation between French President Giscard d'Estaing and Vice Premier of the People's Republic Deng Xiaoping: First Meeting

    French President Giscard and Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping discuss the current international situation, including the balance of power between the Soviet Union and the United States and issues of European unity and security. They also discuss the current situation in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos following the fall of Saigon and the end of the Vietnam War.

  • May 26, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'UEO - Updated positions of the Seven about the relaunch of the Organization - Preparatory works of the Ministerial Council in June'

    Following the presentation of a memorandum on the revival of WEU (31 January 1984), there appears to be substantial agreement on deepening European cooperation in the field of security. The document describes national positions of member countries.

  • November 15, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'European cooperation in the field of armaments'

    This analysis focuses on the state of European security cooperation, discussing both common defense and coordination of military production. It criticizes the lack of unity, complexity of the current configuration, and its negative impact on transatlantic relations.

  • December 13, 1984

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reactivation of UEO (Ideas and factual data)'

    A brief document calling for the revival of the WEU as a means of creating a deeper and more unified European defense and security cooperation.