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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 08, 1989

    Assessment Paper by the Austrian Foreign Ministry, '[Excerpt] Eastern Europe; Current Assessment'

    The paper addresses the change in economics, politics, and social structures in the Soviet bloc (Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary, and the GDR) as a result of the USSR loosening up regulations.

  • September 19, 1989

    Analysis by Envoy Thomas Nowotny, 'The Specter of German Reunification'

    The report discusses the conflicting views from countries such as the US and USSR surrounding German Reunification. It later explains predicted demographics, economics, and military prowess of a unified Germany.

  • October 11, 1989

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 'German Reunification: What Would Have to Happen?'

    The CIA’s memorandum published on 11 October 1989 brings up the German reunification as an international agenda and assesses its implications for the Soviet Union and the United States.

  • November 11, 1989

    From the minutes of the joint special session of the Executive Committee of the SPD and the Steering Committee of the SPD faction

    Willy Brandt's observations on the joint special session of the Executive Committee of the SPD and the Steering Committee of the SPD faction. Brandt discusses the November 9 opening of the border between East and West Germany.

  • November 21, 1989

    Letter from NATO Deputy General Secretary Marcello Guidi to Minister Gianni De Michelis

    The letter addresses developments in the relationship between the two German states and the prospect of reunification. It describes the political climate in West Germany towards reunification as hesitant, if not reluctant, and voices concerns over the destabilizing potential of such efforts.

  • November 24, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation Austrian Chancellor Franz Vranitzky and East German Prime Minister Hans Modrow, East-Berlin

    The conversation details various changes needed in the GDR, including within the economy, electoral law, and foreign relations. They further discuss Austria's role in the two German states.

  • December 01, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 1 December 2019

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 1 December 1989 describes the latest developments in Eastern Europe, USSR, Taiwan, Italy, Iran and Bulgaria.

  • December 15, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 15 December 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 15 December 1989 describes the latest developments in Germany, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, USSR, East Germany, South Africa, Yugoslavia, Argentina and France.

  • January 26, 1990

    Austrian Foreign Ministry, '[Excerpt] East German Report on Modrow’s visit to Vienna on 26 January 1990'

    The document relays a conversation between East German and Austrian officials about Austria's commitment to potential reunification. The document addresses the possibility in two parts. The first half focuses on leniency with travel and economic reforms including visa-less travel and potential car taxes. The second part focuses on the greater European Cold War balance and addresses topics such as disarmament and inter-bloc cooperation.

  • February 21, 1990

    Assessment by the Austrian Foreign Ministry, 'Question of German Unity (State of affairs, February 1990)'

    The assessment by the Austrian Foreign Ministry of German Unity is broken into five subject areas. The first part concerns the responsibility of the Four Powers to a new unified Germany. Next, West Germany's commitment to German unity dating as far back as 1970. The third portion outlines the border and security concerns of East and West Germany, as well as the Soviet Union, United States, Great Britain, and France. The next part is focused on economic recovery, specifically the lack of certain goods in East Germany (ie cars and houses). Finally, the report addresses the future developments of a unified Germany with an emphasis on the security of nearby states.

  • April 02, 1990

    Assessment by the Austrian Foreign Ministry, 'German Unity, State of affairs in April 1990'

    The document is an updated assessment of German reunification from the Austrian foreign ministry. The assessment begins with addressing three areas which include integrating economic and monetary systems, unifying under current legal framework, and the drop in GDR emigration after the 1990 elections. The next portion focuses on external relations including the new Four Power responsibilities, European political-military affairs, Poland's Western Border, the eradication of the Berlin agreement, and Western European countries influence specifically on intelligence activities. The final part solely concerns Western Germany's projected timeline for total reunification.

  • April 26, 1990

    Johann Plattner, Austrian Foreign Ministry, 'The General Secretary’s [Thomas Klestil] Political Exchange of Views in Bonn (24 April 1990)'

    The document entails interviews with several Austrian and German officials and recounts their views on various issues surrounding German reunification. The first is an interview with State Minister Adam-Schwater where the primary focus is monetary unification and budgetary restrictions for integration. The second interview is with State Secretary Sudhoff revolves around European issues such as the CSCE, security, border issues, and the time frame for reunification. The notes from State Secretary Lautenschlager reiterate the need for monetary integration in addition to expressing Austria's desire for a European Coalition. The fourth section are notes from both Chancellor Kohl and Ministerial Director Teltschik. In it they reiterate East Germany's desire for reintegration and outline four pressing needs - decisions from the 2+4 agreements, a new security structure, disarmament, and economic development. Finally there are notes from the CSCE Summit, where Austria is asked to evaluate other Eastern European countries (specifically Yugoslavia) and evaluate neutrality in a changing European order.

  • May 07, 1990

    Memorandum of Conversation Chancellor Franz Vranitzky – President François Mitterrand, Bordeaux

    The document is a summary of a meeting between French President Francois Mitterrand and Austrian Chancellor Franz Vranitzky, and Vranitzky's ensuing presentation on democracy in Eastern Europe. This included Austria's duties and obligations to this process. Both ministers proceeded to reflect on their country's relationship with Germany both past and future.

  • May 08, 1990

    Memorandum of Conversation Chancellor Franz Vranitzky – Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, London

    The document contains a conversation between Chancellor Franz Vranitzky and Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Thatcher begins with the state of internal affairs in Great Britain then relates its position to the European Union and role in German Unification. The conversation then turns to the role of Austria and its effort to join the European Commission. In the wake of problems in Eastern Europe, Thatcher stresses her preference for Western Europe to avoid involving itself in the counter movements.

  • June 08, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 8 June 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 8 June 1990 describes the latest developments in USSR, West Germany, Peru, Warsaw, Nepal, India, Jordan, Morocco and Bulgaria.

  • June 13, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Wednesday, 13 June 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Wednesday, 13 June 1990 December 1989 describes the latest developments in USSR, West Germany, UK, Romania, Hong Kong and Canada.

  • June 19, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 19 June 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 19 December 1990 describes the latest developments in USSR, Germany, Poland, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, France and Africa.

  • June 22, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 22 June 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 22 June 1990 describes the latest developments in Poland, EC, USSR, Germany, Hungary, Sri Lanka, Eastern Europe, Japan, US and Liberia.

  • June 30, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 30 June 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 30 June 1990 describes the latest developments in USSR, Germany, South Africa, Zaire, Romania, Honduras and Albania.

  • July 05, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 5 July 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 5 July 1990 describes the latest developments in USSR, Germany, Albania, Korea and Hungary.