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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 26, 1944

    Stalin and Harriman Exchange Military Information

    Harriman and Stalin discuss their own armies and how to deal with the German Army after the war.

  • November 04, 1945

    Cable, Stalin to Cdes. Molotov, Beria, Malenkov, Mikoyan, and the 3rd Unit

    Stalin discusses the Czechoslovaks' reluctance to create a joint radium company and President Truman's desire for a simultaneous withdrawal of American and Soviet troops from Czechoslovakia by December 1, 1945.

  • November 25, 1950

    CC CPSU decision with approved directives to Foreign Minister Vyshinsky and to Soviet Ambassador in Washington

    Soviet responses to the American installation of Japanese servicemen in Korea.

  • February 01, 1951

    News about Turkey: Turkish Missions

    Three Turkish missions will visit Syria in February to study Syrian history, culture, and social development. As well, Turkey has asked the U.S. to send troops to protect Syria and Lebanon.

  • February 06, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    A report on the current situation of war preparations between the US and the DPRK.

  • February 11, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    The Polish Embassy in DPRK reports on the intensification of US bombings in North Korea.

  • June 15, 1954

    Address, James H. R. Cromwell, A New Foreign Policy for United States

    Summary, introduction, and full transcription of address in which James Cromwell proposes a new foreign policy for the United States. In his new policy, he argues that US should enhance its armed forces abroad.

  • August 20, 1954

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to General James A. Van Fleet

    Syngman Rhee writes to General James A. Van Fleet to express his dissatisfaction with the United States' defense committment to South Korea and the rest of the free world. After describing his own "plan for military action" on the Korean Peninsula, Rhee also touches on South Korea's delicate relationship with Japan.

  • December, 1954

    Message, President Syngman Rhee to General Taylor and his forces

    In this Christmas Message, President Rhee addresses General Taylor and the US Forces. He praises the US troops for their victory against the communist aggression during the Korean War. Rhee recognizes America for continuing to “defend human liberty” not only in Korea but in all of Asia. Rhee ends the message with the goal of creating a “free, united, and democratic” Korea.

  • January 05, 1955

    Transcript of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Humphrey Trevelyan

    Zhou Enlai discusses with Trevelyan Humphrey China's concerns with Britain's attitude regarding Sino-British relations. Zhou says that the Chinese side is willing to improve Sino-British relations, improve the situation in East Asia, and ease international tensions. Zhou also discusses with Humphrey the Taiwan issue. He criticizes the U.S. for infringing upon Chinese sovereignty over Taiwan and Britain for its double standards on the Taiwan issue.

  • March 11, 1955

    Letter, Lieutenant General C. B. Ferenbaugh to President Rhee

    The United States has created a policy to aid the Republic of Korea by 1) strengthening the military establishment and, 2) helping stabilize her economy. Military aid would take the form of 720 thousand troops distributed amongst the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and the Air Force.

  • September, 1957

    The Situation in Jordan

    An American visit to plan a fight against communism in Jordan has dangerous ramifications, including increased tension between Arab states.

  • November, 1957

    Friendship and Solidarity Among Socialist Countries

    Kim Il Sung's article, originally published in Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn, thanks the Soviet Union and China for assisting North Korea while deriding American foreign policy.

  • September 27, 1958

    Letter, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to the Chinese Communist Party, on the Soviet Union's Readiness to Provide Assistance to China in the Event of an Attack

    In the wake of the Taiwan Strait Crisis, the Soviet Union promises to intervene in the event of a nuclear attack on China from the United States.

  • March 15, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 March 1960

    Pak Seong-cheol explains ongoing changes within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Puzanov obtains new information on industries in various regions of North Korea.

  • March 15, 1961

    Message by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'American attitude toward NATO - President Kennedy's declarations'

    Letter from the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs analyzing President Kennedy’s State of the Union Address. Despite stating his commitment to cooperating with NATO, the minister suspects that Kennedy has other priorities. The letter suggests that if the Kennedy expresses hesitancy in creating a nuclear force, European nations including Italy will move forward with or without American support.

  • April 01, 1961

    Memorandum by Admiral Corrado Tagliamonte to the Minister of Defense, 'American attitude toward NATO. President Kennedy's declarations'

    Report submitted to the Italian Minister of Defense regarding President Kennedy’s opinion that NATO should not construct a special nuclear force since the US has already developed a nuclear deterrent. According to the Kennedy, the creation of an additional deterrent would be useless and a waste of resources.

  • September 21, 1961

    Transcript of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Bernard Law Montgomery

    Premier Zhou speaks with Viscount Montgomery of Alamein about propositions to ease international tensions. Zhou agrees with Montgomery's three propositions one of which is withdrawal of foreign troops from other countries territory. Zhou proposes withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Korea and Taiwan cross straits. Also, on the Taiwan issue, Zhou says that there is only one China and Taiwan is a part of China. Zhou believes that Taiwan issue is a internal domestic issue that should not be discussed by the UN.

  • January 31, 1962

    Research Memorandum REU-25 from Roger Hilsman to Mr. Kohler, 'European Attitudes on Independent Nuclear Capability'

    Concerns about the credibility of US nuclear deterrence generated Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) General Lauris Norstad’s proposal for a NATO-controlled medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) force. This lengthy report represented INR’s assessment of “present and future European interest in national or multinational nuclear weapons capabilities,” including the MRBM proposal, and the extent to which an “enhancement of NATO's nuclear role” could “deter national or multinational European nuclear weapons programs.”

  • February 21, 1962

    Research Memorandum RSB-58 from Roger Hilsman to the Secretary, 'Probable Soviet Reaction to Establishment of Multilateral NATO-Controlled MRBM Force'

    As discussion of a NATO multilateral force (MLF) unfolded, unfolded, one question which had to be addressed was how the Soviet Union would respond to the creation of such a NATO force. Because a NATO force would increase Western military capabilities, Soviet opposition was assumed.