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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1983

    Keep Space Weapon Free

    Pamphlet by the Soviet Novosti Press Agency arguing against the deployment of anti-satellite weapons into outer space.

  • January 01, 1985

    Letter by Ambassador in Moscow Sergio Romano to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Italian Ambassador to Moscow, Sergio Romano, writes to Foreign Minister Andreotti to dicuss the topic of the Soviet attitude towards the SDI, and the unsuccessful efforts by the Soviets to pursue a similar defense system. Even though SDI is no longer a hindrance to superpower dialogue, it would be a mistake to assume that the USSR has given up the battle against the overall missile defense system.

  • January 01, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'European participation to the Strategic Defense Initiative. Political implications'

    The report seeks to assess the possible strategic and political implications if Europe decides to join the SDI. It is difficult to predict the reaction of the Soviet Union, but ramifications for East-West relations cannot be ignored.

  • 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'UEO - Coordination of the reactions of member countries to the US invitation to take part in the SDI (and attached: Interim Report of the SDI Working Group)'

    The document consists of a report from WEU working group on SDI (in French), and a summary of the WEU member states' positions, and their common efforts to coordinate a unified reaction to the American invitation to participate in SDI.

  • February 11, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'American space programs'

    This memo by the Italian Foreign Ministry describes the current state of U.S. space programs, and in particular, the SDI that is causing tension in US-USSR relations.

  • February 11, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Secretary General's visit in Rome (11th February 1985). US and Soviet space programs'

    This note by the Italian Foreign Ministry provides an overview of issues to be discussed with Secretary General Lord Carrington during his visit to Rome. Of particular interest are the upcoming Geneva negotiations between the USSR and the US regarding SDI .

  • May 23, 1985

    Letter by Permanent Representative to NATO Sergio Romano to the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ruggiero

    A brief report about a meeting between Minister of Defense Spadolini and Secretary of Defense Weinberger. The two discuss opportunities for cooperation and interchange in the fields of SDI and conventional armaments.

  • May 24, 1985

    Report by Ambassador Petrignani to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    A detailed account of a meeting between Ambassador Petrignani and General Abrahamson, Director of SDI. Petrignani discloses the different elements of the SDI discussed, including the importance of SDI in modern deterrence, Soviet progress in strategic derfense, existing challenges with the SDI, and potential European participation.

  • June 06, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Security and disarmament'

    A detailed account of the developments in the Strategic Defense Initiative, ABM treaty, and negotiations between the superpowers. The document also assesses the ongoing negotiations on the ban of Chemical Weapons.

  • June 06, 1985

    Report on Italian-Soviet Talks in Lisbon

    A short (untitled) document that summarizes the topics addressed in the Italo-Soviet talks in Lisbon and re-caps the key positions adopted by the two parties.

  • August 27, 1985

    Memorandum by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Minister Andreotti, 'Meeting at the Ministry of Defense with General Abrahamson'

    This memo from the meeting between Vice Minister of Defense Olcese and General Abrahamson discusses the developments of the SDI and the potential Italian participation in the technological aspects of the initiative. The memo concludes that Italian government has yet to make a decision regarding its participation in the research phase.

  • December 09, 1985

    Letter by Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti to West German Minister of Foreign Affaris Genscher

    Foreign Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti wishes to exchange views with his German counterpart Genscher about the research phase of the SDI project, to try and find common ground before continuing talks with the United States on the subject of industrial cooperation in SDI research.

  • 1986

    The Earth Imperilled

    Pamphlet by the Soviet Novosti Press Agency arguing against the American "Star Wars" program. Advocates for the "Star Peace" program introduced by the Soviet Union.

  • February 26, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Secretary General's visit in Rome (26th-28th February 1986) - Analysis of the prospects of Geneva negotiations and of the negotiations about disarmament'

    A comprehensive analysis of the Soviet position in the upcoming disarmament negotiations regarding SDI, FNI, MBFR, and chemical weapons. Overall, there seems to be increased willingness on the Soviet side to free up economic resources from military sector.

  • February 26, 1986

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'State of the Atlantic Alliance'

    Analysis of the state of Atlantic Alliance in the global security landscape shows political cohesion internally, and a firm position in the security sphere. NATO also appears open to dialogue with the Eastern block, but remains aware of the centrality of European security.

  • October 22, 1986

    Meeting Minutes of the Politburo of the CC CPSU, Regarding the Aftermath of the Reykjavik US-Soviet summit

    The Politburo discusses what to do after the failure of the Reykjavik summit over Reagan's insistence on preserving the right to continue the SDI or "Star Wars" project, as well as the subsequent expulsion of Soviet diplomats from the US. In the angry, bitter meeting Gorbachev decides on the removal of 250 Soviets working in service positions at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow.

  • January 01, 1987

    Message by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'Visit of Nitze and Perle in Rome - ABM-SDI issue'

    In preparation to receive Nitze and Perle in Rome, the memo discusses the European concerns vis-à-vis what is seen as American intentions to abandon the ABM treaty. The document focuses on the Italian perspective and lists questions to be posed during the visit.

  • 1987

    KGB, Information Nr. 2742 [to Bulgarian State Security]

    The Soviet KGB seeks Bulgaria's support with "active measures" relating to the origins of the AIDS virus as well as the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).

  • February 07, 1987

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'Prospects on the acceleration of the SDI program'

    Assistant Secretary of State, Holmes participates in a SCG meeting to address allies' questions and concerns related to the proposed acceleration of the SDI program.

  • May 06, 1987

    Letter from the Ambassador Sergio Romano to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Italian Ambassador to Moscow, Romano, shares his reflections on the change in Soviet SDI strategy. Romano's analysis underlines the politically fragile and potentially dangerous situation that could emerge as the result of nuclear disarmament in Europe.