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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • December 01, 1949

    From the Diary of N.V. Roshchin, Memorandum of Conversation with Prime Minister Zhou Enlai on 10 November 1949

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador Roshchin and Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai. Zhou Enlai speaks on behalf of Mao Zedong, expressing the Chairman's desire to make a visit to Moscow.

  • June 11, 1971

    Evaluation by the East German Embassy in Bucharest of Ceauşescu's Visit to China

    This document examines the visit of the general secretary of the Romanian Communist Party, Nicolae Ceauşescu, to China. This visit is seen by East Germany as evidence of anti-Soviet sentiments. The Romanian endorsement of Chinese politics is strongly criticized, as it is seen to strengthen China's position and to weaken the cohesion of the Warsaw Pact. Ceauşescu's visit to China is said to have met with a positive response in the US.

  • June 22, 1971

    Report by the Third Secretary of the Bulgarian Embassy in Pyongyang, Zahary Ianakiev, to Bulgarian Ambassador Yancho Georgiev Concerning Ceauşescu's Visit to China

    Ianakiev gives an account of Ceauşescu's visit to China, mentioning China's agreement to lend Romania US$230 million and reporting that Ceauşescu's visit to Vietnam is to be postponed.

  • August 02, 1971

    Record of the Meeting Between Leonid Brezhnev and East European Party Leaders in the Crimea (Including Discussion on China)

    This record of the Crimean meeting between General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev of the Soviet Communist Party and East European party leaders addresses Soviet domestic and foreign policies. Also discussed is China's anti-Soviet attitude. Brezhnev mentions the negative reactions of Korea and Vietnam to US President Richard Nixon's planned visit to China. The participants at the meeting are in favor of intensifying relations with Japan. Further discussions focus on the possibility of China joining the UN. All participants at the meeting criticize Nicolae Ceauşescu's visit to China as damaging the interests of the Warsaw Pact. Romania is said to support China's politics towards Albania and Yugoslavia.

  • October 09, 1971

    Stenographic Transcript of the Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party (Nixon's Visit to China)

    This stenographic transcript of a meeting of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party records a discussion among high-level party members with regard to US President's Nixon visits to Moscow and China in 1971 and the possible impact of these visits on Romania and the rest of the Warsaw Pact member states.

  • February 07, 1972

    Lecture by Soviet Ambassador Tolstikov for Friendly Diplomats on Forthcoming Nixon Visit

    In his presentation to the chiefs of the Warsaw Pact states' diplomatic representations in February 1972, Soviet Ambassador Tolstikov analyzes Chinese-US relations over the previous 25 years and assesses the political and economic prospects for a Sino-American rapprochement in the light of US President Richard Nixon's imminent visit to Beijing.

  • February 29, 1972

    Stenographic Transcript of the Joint Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party and of the Council of Ministers of the Socialist Republic of Romania (Nixon's Visit to China)

    This stenographic transcript of a meeting of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party and the Romanian Council of Ministers addresses US President Richard Nixon's visit to China in 1971. Romanian leader Nicolae Ceauşescu evaluates the outcomes of the visit positively, arguing that despite fundamental differences between China and the US, the talks have opened the door to improving the political and economic cooperation between the two countries. Ceauşescu further discusses the implications of the Sino-US rapprochement for Romania and the official position his country should adopt in its relations with China.

  • March 15, 1972

    Record of a Conversation between Czechoslovak Ambassador and Rakhmanin in Moscow on Nixon's Visit to China

    This conversation record outlines the results of US President Richard Nixon's 1972 visit to China, and notes the determination of the Soviet Union to impede rapprochement between the US and China. In the second part, the Soviet Central Committee member P.B. Rakhmanin examines the strategic implications of the visit for the US spheres of influence in Europe and Asia.

  • February 23, 1973

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun, C.V. Narasimhan, and Robert Muller

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on ROK foreign policy and National Assembly elections.

  • March 16, 1977

    Telegram 065241 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Soviet Comments on Sino-North Korean Relations

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the development of Sino-North Korean relations, especially regarding their increasing economic cooperation.

  • June 28, 1977

    Telegram 066658 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports on North Korean propaganda in reaction to US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance's visit to Beijing.

  • March 31, 1978

    Telegram to the Minister of Foreign Affairs from the Ambassador in the United Kingdom

    Report on the meeting between Councilor Kim, Jae-Sung and J. Thorold Masefield, acting director of the Far East Bureau.

  • April 30, 1980

    Ciphered Telegram No. 68, Embassy of Hungary in Pakistan to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Short analysis of Pakistani President Zia-ul-Haq's upcoming visits to China and North Korea, with discussion of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and Pakistan's nuclear program.