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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 01, 1987

    Saddam and His Advisers Discussing the Importance of Morale, Mobilizing Popular Support, and Targeting Iranian Cities

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and other unidentified Iraqi Ba'ath party members. The meeting specifically discussed raising morale and mobilizing popular support--including how to discourage retreats from the front. Also includes discussion of chemical weapons.

  • April 14, 1987

    Letter of General Military Intelligence Directorate about Iranian Use of Chemical Weapons on Iraqi Troops

    This file contains a letter from the Secretariat of the General Military Intelligence (GMID) to the General Command of Armed Forces, dated 14 April 1987, pertaining to Iranian use of chemical weapons on Iraqi troops during an attack on 9 April 1987 and 12 April 1987. Additionally includes information that Iran received special chemical materials for production of mustard and tabun gases from North Korea and manufactured some with the support of North Korean experts.

  • October, 1987

    General Military Intelligence Directorate Memos on Iran's Chemical Weapons Capability and Alleged Use

    Contains memos issued by the General Military Intelligence Directorate (GMID), last dated 6 July 1988, regarding the following issues: The use of chemical weapons by the Iranian Army during the Iran-Iraq War, stating dates and places where they were used; the attempts of Iran to produce chemical weapons relying on the assistance of North Korea, Syria and West Germany; developing some Iranian insecticide factories to be able to produce chemical weapons; types of chemical weapons which are used or produced by Iran, such as mustard Gas, C factor, phosgene factor, white phosphorus, sarin gas. Page 27 contains correspondence by the Iraqi Military Attache Office in Cairo to the GMID, dated 14 September 1988, regarding information received from the Egyptian Intelligence about Iran's attempts to obtain chemical weapons from Spain through mediators and to provide Libya with chemical weapons in return for supplying Scud B missiles.

  • June, 1988

    Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish Autonomy, and Other Issues

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and unidentified Iraqi diplomats. The meeting was held to revise a statement written by Saddam to be read by the Minster of Foreign Affairs regarding how the Iraqis stand respecting international law and legislation (i.e. the Geneva protocol of 1925). The second issue they discussed was the Kurdish insurgency. Saddam wanted to discuss the issue internationally with the participation of four countries. The attendees exchanged their points of view regarding the influence of such decisions (independence of the Kurds) in Turkey and Iran.