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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 20, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Additional Information Received from Tabriz'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials discussing Iranian troop operations against Azerbaijani partisans, both of which are asking the Soviets for assistance. States that orders have been given for Soviet forces to act against Iranian ones only under extreme necessity.

  • November 21, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials that describes the opening of the Azerbaijani National Assembly in Tabriz. Also notes that Azerbaijani partisans are now on the defensive, having overcome most of the landowners and gendarmerie units in the area. Indicates that partisans have begun to rely partially on Soviet support.

  • November 21, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials describing strikes made by Azerbaijani partisans against Iranian gendarmerie and popular rallies throughout Iranian Azerbaijan.

  • November 22, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Report sent to top Soviet officials declaring that all civic institutions are functioning normally under the partisans, and that the partisans are now attempting to peacefully overcome the remaining gendarmerie elements. Notes that they are also preparing for eventual retaliation from the Iranian government.

  • November 23, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message sent to top Soviet officials reporting that Iranian troops had advanced on Tabriz and were waiting for reinforcements to engage the Azerbaijani partisans. Also notes that complications may arise as a result of General Derakhshani's institution of martial law in Tabriz.

  • November 24, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message sent to top Soviet officials regarding recent hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and Iranian gendarmerie, but assuring officials that the situation in Iranian Azerbaijan is peaceful and under control. Notes that General Darakhshami is in need of reinforcements. Also describes the procedure undertaken disseminate the appeal and declaration of the Azerbaijani Founding Congress.

  • November 26, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message sent to top Soviet officials, describing hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and Iranian gendarmerie, which the partisans attempt to resolve peacefully but must sometimes resort to violence. Notes the "reactionary" rumors of chaos and violence being spread about the new state, but asserts that few believe these once visiting partisan-controlled cities.

  • November 27, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message to top Soviet officials describing continuing hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and the Iranian gendarmerie. In the actions described, the partisans are successful, killing very few gendarmes and preferring to disarm the rest.

  • 1951

    Draft Instructions to Sadchikov and Chechulin, VKP(b) CC Decree, [with attached table]

    Instructions for Soviet delegation in Iran for preliminary protocol agreements in ongoing financial negotiations. See the attached table.

  • 1951

    Memorandum Concerning Soviet and Iranian Financial Claims, Attached to Draft Instructions to Sadchikov and Chechulin

    Table delineating the agreed upon, proposed, and rejected financial claims of Iran and the Soviet Union. Attached as a memo to a set of draft instructions for Soviet delegates in Iran.

  • September 29, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Soviet-Iranian Financial Negotiations

    Report distributed among top Soviet officials updating the ongoing Soviet-Iranian negotiations over financial claims. Notes that Soviet delegation has rejected as premature the Iranian offer to begin working on a final protocol, on the grounds that the balance of favor is leaning too far toward Iran at this point.

  • May 13, 1952

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning a Note of the Soviet Government to the Government of Iran in Connection with the Exchange of Letters between Mossadegh and the US Ambassador about the US Giving Aid to Iran

    CPSU CC decree and draft of document to be submitted to Iranian government. Notes that the exchange of letters between Mohammad Mossadegh and US Deputy Secretary of State Henderson indicate that the two parties have reached a deal on military assistance. Document states that this is a breach of neighborly relations and that, in reaching this agreement, the Iranian government has acted against the Soviet Union.

  • May 13, 1952

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Exchange of Letters between Iranian Prime Minister Mossadegh and US Ambassador Henderson

    Report distributed among top Soviet officials analyzing the exchange of letters between Mohammad Mossadegh and US Deputy Secretary of State Henderson. Notes that, although not explicitly mentioning it, the letters were likely about renewed US military aid to Iran.

  • May 21, 1952

    From the Journal of Y. A. Vyshinsky, 'The Reception of Nadir Arasteh, the Iranian Ambassador in Moscow'

    Account of meeting between Vyshinsky and Arasteh. Vyshinsky asks Arasteh to pass a note along to Moscow, regarding the exchange of letters between Mohammad Mossadegh and US Ambassador to Iran, Loy Henderson.

  • July 02, 1952

    From the Journal of G. M. Pushkin, 'Reception of Iranian Ambassador to the USSR Nadir Arasteh'

    Account of meeting between G. M. Pushkin and Nadir Arasteh, along with a copy of the note passed to Pushkin by Arasteh, as a response to the note he received from Vyshinsky.

  • February 20, 1979

    Saddam and High-Ranking Officials Discussing Khomeini, the Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict, the Potential for Kurdish Unrest, and the Iranian Economy

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam and some Iraqi diplomatic personnel dated 20 February 1979. The meeting's main issue was Iran and Khomeini. One of the attendants asked Saddam if there is any possibility of turbulence in Iranian Kurdistan due to the internal chaos of the Iranian government. And if so, how would it affect Iraqi Kurdistan. They talked about the Iranian economy and the Iranian army. They said that the Iranian air force contains mostly American jets and it was built on American experience. Secondly they had a discussion about Eritrea and the diplomatic relationship between Iraq and Eritrea.

  • January 01, 1980

    General Military Intelligence Directorate Report Assessing Political, Military, and Economic Conditions in Iran

    This file contains a top secret intelligence report about Iran, issued by the General Military Intelligence Directorate (GMID), dated 01 January 1980 to 30 June 1980. mThe report includes information about the political, economic and military situation in Iran, including political system of the Iranian regime, information about different political parties in Iran, information about opposing Iranian groups, the crisis in the Iranian economy due to the sanctions and decrease in oil exporting, Iranian economic relations and activities, the status of different Iranian military units, and information about the Iranian navy and the air force.

  • October, 1987

    General Military Intelligence Directorate Memos on Iran's Chemical Weapons Capability and Alleged Use

    Contains memos issued by the General Military Intelligence Directorate (GMID), last dated 6 July 1988, regarding the following issues: The use of chemical weapons by the Iranian Army during the Iran-Iraq War, stating dates and places where they were used; the attempts of Iran to produce chemical weapons relying on the assistance of North Korea, Syria and West Germany; developing some Iranian insecticide factories to be able to produce chemical weapons; types of chemical weapons which are used or produced by Iran, such as mustard Gas, C factor, phosgene factor, white phosphorus, sarin gas. Page 27 contains correspondence by the Iraqi Military Attache Office in Cairo to the GMID, dated 14 September 1988, regarding information received from the Egyptian Intelligence about Iran's attempts to obtain chemical weapons from Spain through mediators and to provide Libya with chemical weapons in return for supplying Scud B missiles.