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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 09, 1941

    Cable from Dimitrov to Stalin, Molotov, Beria, and Malenkov

    Cable to top Soviet officials advising against reviving the Communist Party of Iran, and instead advising its members to work through the People's Party. Kuybyshev believes the Communist Party would be too small to be significant, and would give British and Nazi agents in Iran an opportunity to turn Iranian elites against the Soviet Union.

  • 1944

    Report on the Political and Economic Situation in Tabriz in 1943

    A report detailing the political and economic situation in Tabriz in 1943, detailing, among other things, leadership, local government, and elections. There is emphasis placed on the Soviet role in the region and how it will affect outcomes.

  • March 18, 1944

    Letter, Dimitrov to Molotov, 'The Situation in the People's Party of Iran'

    Message from Dimitrov to Molotov about the 1944 Iranian elections and the upcoming merger of the country's trade unions. Dimitrov attributes the People's Party's loss in the election to corruption among its opponents, but states that the campaign for the People's Party was successful in introducing its ideas to Iranian citizens.

  • June 05, 1944

    Letter to Deputy USSR People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs Kavtaradze and the USSR Ambassador to Iran Makisimov from Vice-Consul of the USSR General Consulate in Tabriz Marchenko

    Letter forwarding a report about the political and economic situation of the consular district of the USSR General Consulate in Tabriz for 1943.

  • November 21, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials that describes the opening of the Azerbaijani National Assembly in Tabriz. Also notes that Azerbaijani partisans are now on the defensive, having overcome most of the landowners and gendarmerie units in the area. Indicates that partisans have begun to rely partially on Soviet support.

  • June 06, 1946

    Memo per a Telegraph Message from Tehran

    Soviet Ambassador Sadchikov forwards a proposal from the Iranian government to reorganize the administration of Iranian Azerbaijan and settle with the separatist government there. Sadchikov recommends accepting the proposal.

  • May 11, 1950

    From the Diary of A. I. Lavrent'yev, 'Reception of Iranian Ambassador in Moscow Nader Arasteh, 10 May 1950'

    Diary entry recording a conversation between A. Lavrent'yev and Iranian Ambassador to USSR Nader Arasteh on the topic of the funeral for Reza Shah. Arasteh expresses that Iran took insult at the fact that there was no Soviet representative at the ceremony and the Soviet embassy did not fly its flag at half mast. Lavrent'yev defends the Soviet position on the grounds that there is no international norm for these matters, and that Reza Shah cooperated with Nazi Germany.

  • January, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Possible Visit of the Iranian Shah to Moscow

    Report on the possibility of a visit by the Iranian Shah to Moscow. Endorses the idea of entertaining the possibility, noting that rejecting his request to come to Moscow could push the ruling circles of Iran closer to the Western bloc.

  • July 12, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Decree Draft, Soviet-Iranian Negotiations

    Draft attached to telegram, explaining that the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Relations (MFA) and Ministry of Foreign Trade (MVT) disagree with the idea of suspending negotiations with Iranians. Specifically, this is because they believe the recess will be used against them by the British and Americans in Iran.

  • July 12, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin, Settling Mutual Financial Claims with Iran

    Telegram distributed among top Soviet officials regarding ongoing negotiations between Iran and the USSR over financial claims. Agreements have been reached on some smaller claims, but the main Soviet claim for oil and the main Iranian claim for gold both remain an issue. Telegram suggests that the negotiations be recessed, while noting that the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and Ministry of Foreign Trade (MVT) disagree.

  • September 29, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning Instructions to Cdes. Sadchikov and Chechulin Concerning the Issue of the Settlement of the Mutual Financial Claims with Iran'

    Decree sent to Soviet delegation in Iran, instructing them to suspend negotiations with the Iranians, under the pretext of returning to Moscow to report to their government. They are also to reject the Iranian final proposal as premature.

  • September 29, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Soviet-Iranian Financial Negotiations

    Report distributed among top Soviet officials updating the ongoing Soviet-Iranian negotiations over financial claims. Notes that Soviet delegation has rejected as premature the Iranian offer to begin working on a final protocol, on the grounds that the balance of favor is leaning too far toward Iran at this point.

  • April, 1952

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning Instructions to Cde. Sadchikov, the Soviet Ambassador in Iran, in Connection with the Iranian Government's Offer to Sell the Soviet Union Oil'

    Instructions to Soviet representatives in Iran, informing them that they are to show interest in Iranian offers of oil, but ask for specific proposals and note problems with the Soviet oil tanker fleet. Also notes that they emphasize that this issue is tied to that of Soviet-Iranian financial negotiations, and that any problems in this area are not the fault of the Soviet Union.

  • May 13, 1952

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning a Note of the Soviet Government to the Government of Iran in Connection with the Exchange of Letters between Mossadegh and the US Ambassador about the US Giving Aid to Iran

    CPSU CC decree and draft of document to be submitted to Iranian government. Notes that the exchange of letters between Mohammad Mossadegh and US Deputy Secretary of State Henderson indicate that the two parties have reached a deal on military assistance. Document states that this is a breach of neighborly relations and that, in reaching this agreement, the Iranian government has acted against the Soviet Union.

  • May 13, 1952

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Exchange of Letters between Iranian Prime Minister Mossadegh and US Ambassador Henderson

    Report distributed among top Soviet officials analyzing the exchange of letters between Mohammad Mossadegh and US Deputy Secretary of State Henderson. Notes that, although not explicitly mentioning it, the letters were likely about renewed US military aid to Iran.

  • May 21, 1952

    From the Journal of Y. A. Vyshinsky, 'The Reception of Nadir Arasteh, the Iranian Ambassador in Moscow'

    Account of meeting between Vyshinsky and Arasteh. Vyshinsky asks Arasteh to pass a note along to Moscow, regarding the exchange of letters between Mohammad Mossadegh and US Ambassador to Iran, Loy Henderson.

  • July 02, 1952

    From the Journal of G. M. Pushkin, 'Reception of Iranian Ambassador to the USSR Nadir Arasteh'

    Account of meeting between G. M. Pushkin and Nadir Arasteh, along with a copy of the note passed to Pushkin by Arasteh, as a response to the note he received from Vyshinsky.

  • August 16, 1952

    Report to V. M. Molotov on Fascist Vandalism in Tehran

    Report on an incident in Tehran, involving the vandalism of a Soviet exhibit, which included likenesses of Soviet leaders. It explicitly blames the Fascist group SUMKA [the Iran National-Socialist Workers]. Attached is a aide-memoire which requests that the Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs look into the incident.

  • October 15, 1952

    Report to V. M. Molotov on Draft Instructions to Cde. Sadchikov, the Soviet Ambassador in Iran

    Draft set of instructions for the Soviet Ambassador to Iran, Sadchikov. Indicates several areas for him to pay attention to and report on, specifically Iranian national liberation movements, the "National Front," and plans for nationalizing the oil industry. Also note that he should be especially careful to not appear as if the Soviet Union is taking a stance against Mohammad Mossadegh.

  • January 12, 1955

    Soviet Translation, 'Open Letter of the Central Committee of the People's Party of Iran to the Central Committee of the National Resistance Movement Regarding the Current Situation' (Attachment)

    This open letter is written by the Central Committee of the People's Party of Iran in order to convince the Central Committee of the National Resistance Movement to create an alliance with them against the anti-colonial forces of Iran and defend the freedom and independence of the country.