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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 21, 1945

    Decree of the GOKO [State Defense Committee] No. 9168SS,

    A decree on prospecting and drilling for oil in Northern Iran, detailing the exact plans of the Soviet Union.

  • June 21, 1945

    Decree of the GOKO [State Defense Committee] No. 9168SS, 'Geological Prospecting Work for Oil in Northern Iran'

    Decree ordering '"Azneft" [Azerbaijani Oil] Association to supervise geological prospecting for oil deposits in northern Iran under the direction of Narkomneft, the USSR Oil Ministry.

  • July 09, 1945

    Message from General Tyulenev to the Commanding General of the 4th Army

    Plans for the organization of a hyrdogeological detachment to begin prospecting work for oil in northern Iran.

  • February 21, 1946

    Reception of Prime Minister of Iran Qavam os-Saltaneh by Cde. I. V. Stalin

    Stalin and Iranian Prime Minister Ahmad Qavam discuss the future of the Soviet-Iranian relationship, Qavam's slim majority in the Majlis, the withdrawal of Soviet troops, the possibility of a Soviet oil concession in Iran, and the risks of Azerbaijani autonomy.

  • April 04, 1946

    Message from Ambassador Sadchikov to Prime Minister Qavam About the Joint Oil Company

    Sadchikov expresses the Soviet government's interest in exploring a joint oil company using Northern Iranian oil.

  • April 04, 1946

    Message from Prime Minister Ahmad Qavam to Ambassador Sadchikov About a Joint Oil Company

    The Shah of Iran agrees to starting a Soviet-Iranian oil company using oil from Northern Iran. The letter contains Iran's conditions for this company and the promise that a treaty will soon follow this letter.

  • October 02, 1946

    Cable NÂș 32951/32947/32970 from Tehran

    Soviet Ambassador to Iran Sadchikov informs the Soviet leadership that Qavam claims not to be delaying Majlis elections in order to avoid implementing the Soviet Union's oil concession in Iran. Qavam instead insists that elections will be held once there is an acceptable resolution to the Azerbaijani and Qashqai conflicts as well as other conditions necessary to ensure a majority in the Majlis.

  • October 28, 1949

    M. Maksimov, 'The National Front in Iran'

    Memorandum describing the "National Front" movement in Iran. Notes that one of the organizers, Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh, is anti-USSR and should be opposed. Also asserts that the pro-Great Britain tendencies of other members of the movement indicate that it is receiving support from the British.

  • 1951

    Draft Instructions to Sadchikov and Chechulin, VKP(b) CC Decree, [with attached table]

    Instructions for Soviet delegation in Iran for preliminary protocol agreements in ongoing financial negotiations. See the attached table.

  • 1951

    Memorandum Concerning Soviet and Iranian Financial Claims, Attached to Draft Instructions to Sadchikov and Chechulin

    Table delineating the agreed upon, proposed, and rejected financial claims of Iran and the Soviet Union. Attached as a memo to a set of draft instructions for Soviet delegates in Iran.

  • July 12, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Decree Draft, Soviet-Iranian Negotiations

    Draft attached to telegram, explaining that the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Relations (MFA) and Ministry of Foreign Trade (MVT) disagree with the idea of suspending negotiations with Iranians. Specifically, this is because they believe the recess will be used against them by the British and Americans in Iran.

  • July 12, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin, Settling Mutual Financial Claims with Iran

    Telegram distributed among top Soviet officials regarding ongoing negotiations between Iran and the USSR over financial claims. Agreements have been reached on some smaller claims, but the main Soviet claim for oil and the main Iranian claim for gold both remain an issue. Telegram suggests that the negotiations be recessed, while noting that the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and Ministry of Foreign Trade (MVT) disagree.

  • September 01, 1951

    Minutes No. 83 of VKP(b) CC Politburo Decisions for the Period 2 August - 7 October 1951

    CPSU Politburo's instructions to Soviet representatives in Iran, regarding the sale of lubricants to Iran.

  • September 14, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin, Soviet-Iranian Financial Negotiations

    Report on the status of Soviet-Iranian negotiations over financial claims. Notes that most claims have been renounced, but issue of returning Iranian gold is still contentious, and advises against notifying Iranian delegation of possible further Soviet concessions.

  • September 29, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning Instructions to Cdes. Sadchikov and Chechulin Concerning the Issue of the Settlement of the Mutual Financial Claims with Iran'

    Decree sent to Soviet delegation in Iran, instructing them to suspend negotiations with the Iranians, under the pretext of returning to Moscow to report to their government. They are also to reject the Iranian final proposal as premature.

  • September 29, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Soviet-Iranian Financial Negotiations

    Report distributed among top Soviet officials updating the ongoing Soviet-Iranian negotiations over financial claims. Notes that Soviet delegation has rejected as premature the Iranian offer to begin working on a final protocol, on the grounds that the balance of favor is leaning too far toward Iran at this point.

  • April, 1952

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning Instructions to Cde. Sadchikov, the Soviet Ambassador in Iran, in Connection with the Iranian Government's Offer to Sell the Soviet Union Oil'

    Instructions to Soviet representatives in Iran, informing them that they are to show interest in Iranian offers of oil, but ask for specific proposals and note problems with the Soviet oil tanker fleet. Also notes that they emphasize that this issue is tied to that of Soviet-Iranian financial negotiations, and that any problems in this area are not the fault of the Soviet Union.

  • April 11, 1952

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Ambassador Sadchikov's Conversation with Shaoban Kazemi, Kashani's Secretary

    Report on the meeting between Soviet representative, Sadchikov, and Iranian secretary Kashemi, where they discuss the possibility of Iranian sale of oil to the Soviet Union. Sadchikov requests instructions for future meeting. Document reiterates that there should be no Soviet agreement of non-interference in internal Iranian affairs.

  • October 15, 1952

    Report to V. M. Molotov on Draft Instructions to Cde. Sadchikov, the Soviet Ambassador in Iran

    Draft set of instructions for the Soviet Ambassador to Iran, Sadchikov. Indicates several areas for him to pay attention to and report on, specifically Iranian national liberation movements, the "National Front," and plans for nationalizing the oil industry. Also note that he should be especially careful to not appear as if the Soviet Union is taking a stance against Mohammad Mossadegh.

  • December 22, 1954

    Soviet Translation, 'Statement of the Iran Party Regarding the Bill to Receive a Loan from Foreign Countries' (Attachment)

    The Iran Party's statement is critical of the recent loans made to Iran by the Americans and the British, which it believes will leave Iran indebted to countries that just want to exploit the people and resources of Iran. Also includes various Iranian trade figures.