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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • July 17, 1954

    Minutes, Zhou Enlai’s Conversation with Mendes-France (Exerpt)

    Mendes-France and Enlai discuss the Indochina issue during their first meeting together. Both men feel they are in agreement with each other regarding several points (establishing a cease-fire before discussing political issues, that no US military bases should be established in Indochina, elections in Cambodia and Laos, cooperation between France and Vietnam and between the two sides in Vietnam). They end on a positive note, both sure that their few differences of opinion will be worked out.

  • July 17, 1954

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Anthony Eden

    Eden assures Zhou that the US has no intention of establishing military bases in Indochina, and that although it has not been suggested that Cambodia and Laos join the Southeast Asian Pact, such an agreement would not threaten China. Zhou expresses concern over the pact, and suggests another model for peace in Indochina. The two debate over these issues.

  • July 18, 1954

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhang Wentian and Harold Caccia

    Caccia informs Zhang that Eden will not bring up the issue of the Indochina countries joining Southeast Asian if an agreement is reached at the conference. Zhang notes that both the French and Vietnamese feel they've made enough concessions regarding regrouping areas in Laos. Caccia mentions Vietnam's rejection of the proposed make-up of the NNSC, and Zhang and Caccia discuss the need for a definite election date in Vietnam.

  • July 18, 1954

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Laotian Foreign Minister Phoui Sananikone (Summary)

    Sananikone asks for Zhou's opinion on several problems/issues Laos faces regarding the armistice and unification in Laos. Sananikone also makes clear that Laos does not plan on joining the Southeast Asian Pact, saying there is no need to if the conference can reach an agreement.

  • October 07, 1954

    Memorandum of Conversation from the Meeting between Premier Zhou Enlai and the Pakistan Women’s Delegation (Excerpts)

    A conversation between Zhou Enlai and a Pakistani women's delegation on Sino-Indian-Pakistani trilateral relations, the Kashmir issue, and China's qualms about Pakistani membership in the Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO).

  • October 19, 1954

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong’s First Meeting with Nehru

    Mao Zedong and Nehru discuss Sino-Indian relations, the political situation in Asia, and the role of the United States in world politics.

  • December 29, 1954

    Cable from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Intelligence Department, 'The Agenda of the Five Southeast Asian Countries from the Bogor Conference and the Five Countries’ Attitudes towards China’s Participation in the Afro-Asian Conference '

    The agenda of the Bogor Conference was to determine the purposes, timing, and participants of the Asian-African Conference. The five Southeast Asian countries agreed that China and Japan should participate in the Asian-African Conference, but some countries also insisted on the participation of US allies such as Thailand and the Philippines.

  • January 05, 1955

    Transcript of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Humphrey Trevelyan

    Zhou Enlai discusses with Trevelyan Humphrey China's concerns with Britain's attitude regarding Sino-British relations. Zhou says that the Chinese side is willing to improve Sino-British relations, improve the situation in East Asia, and ease international tensions. Zhou also discusses with Humphrey the Taiwan issue. He criticizes the U.S. for infringing upon Chinese sovereignty over Taiwan and Britain for its double standards on the Taiwan issue.

  • February 25, 1955

    Abstract of Conversation: Chinese Premier Zhou receives Trevelyan

    Zhou Enlai and Trevelyan debated on the nature of the Manila Treaty and its implications for the Geneva Agreement.They also discussed the issue of the Dai Autonomous Region between China and Thailand and the legal status of Taiwan.

  • April 12, 1955

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Zhukov: Record of Conversation with the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sunario

    This journal entry from Zhukov describes a visit he paid to Sunario, the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, on March 24, 1955. He informs Sunario that a Soviet film about Indonesia, "Around Indonesia," has been completed and he would like to arrange a viewing of the film for Sunario and other political figures, including President Sukarno. Sunario agrees and a showing is arranged. Talk then shifts to the upcoming African-Asian Conference and Indonesia's position towards SEATO.

  • January 04, 1956

    Abstract of Conversation between Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Pakistani Ambassador to China Sultanuddin Ahmad

    Zhou Enlai and Sultanuddin Ahmed discussed the Kashmir issue and the consequences of the Soviet stance. China also expressed its disapproval with Pakistani involvement in the Manila Treaty, the Baghdad Pact and Islamabad's military agreement with the US.

  • January 18, 1956

    Report No. 71 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on the military bases in Philippines and Philippine's concern about China's attempt to conquer Formosa.

  • March 10, 1956

    Report No. 76 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on the budget plan submitted by President Magsaysay to Congress and Manila APACL Conference.

  • March 19, 1956

    Report No. 77 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee about US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' visit to Philippines and the talk of reparations between Philippines and Japan.

  • March 28, 1956

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to Young Kee Kim

    President Rhee asks Minister Kim to discuss Korea's admission to SEATO with other representatives from France, Philippines, and Thailand.

  • April 07, 1956

    Report No. 79 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs Syngman Rhee about the anti-American sentiment arising in the Filipino Congress and Korea's admission to SEATO.

  • May 17, 1956

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan, 'Pakistani President’s Exclusive Conversation with American Reporters'

    The Pakistani President stated that Islamabad's warming relationship with the PRC did not mean a move away from the US. He reaffirmed Pakistani commitment to the Southeast Asian defense treaty and the Baghdad Pact while urging the US to recognize the PRC and advocating an increase in Sino-Japanese trade.

  • June 08, 1956

    Report No. 85 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs Syngman Rhee on the reparations agreement by Japan discussed in Philippines congress, KO-PI joint navy operations, and SEATO conference.

  • June 15, 1956

    Report of a Conversation with Mr. Nguyen Huu Chau

    Choi Duk Shin outlines his discussion with Secretary of State to the President, Nguyen Huu Chau the possibility of a South Korea-South Vietnam-Tiawan triple alliance.

  • June 29, 1956

    Report No. 87 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs Syngman Rhee on the Philippines Independence anniversary celebration and the bills passed by Philippines congress.