December 10, 1945
Malik, 'On the Question of a United Government in Korea'
This document discusses the creation of an independent Korea. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) first presented the idea at the Cairo Conference in 1943. The United States supports the creation of a single Korean state while the USSR opposes it. The document discusses the importance of the answer to the unification question for the Soviet Union's political and economic future as well as its interest in the Far East.
January 03, 1947
Central Intelligence Group, ORE 5/1, 'The Situation in Korea'
An intelligence report about both North and South Korea. The report explains what the situation currently is and what is projected to happen with Soviet and American interaction with their respective Koreas.
July 11, 1948
Record of Conversation between Kim Gu and Liu Yuwan
Kim Gu (Kim Koo) and the Chinese Nationalist Minister Liu Yuwan discuss Kim's participation in the South Korean government, his attendance at a conference in Pyongyang, and the possibility of a Russian-led attack on southern Korea.
October 10, 1948
Soviet Political, Economic, and Cultural Aid to the DPRK People for the DPRK's Democratic Construction
The Ministry of Culture and Propaganda publishes a pamphlet on the Soviet Union's tremendous assistance to the DPRK and contrasts the Soviet Union with the behavior of the US and Japan.
March 16, 1949
National Security Council Report, NSC 8/1, 'The Position of the United States with Respect to Korea'
Report by the National Security Council to the President on US policy objectives regarding Korea.
June 19, 1950
Current Capabilities of the Northern Korean Regime
This report assesses the capabilities of North Korea in reference to; the Soviet position, the current political, economic, and military situations, and the current operations against South Korea.
June 27, 1950
Statement by the President, Truman on Korea
Truman's statement on the invasion of South Korea by North Korean forces.
Contract, Goverment of Republic of Korea and CDT Corporation
Detailed agreement on the price of scrap collected in Korea, and arrangements for shipping.
January 26, 1951
Letter, Harold Lady to Syngman Rhee
Harold Lady writes regarding his decision to leave Japan because of issues with the State Department.
April 02, 1951
Letter, Syngman Rhee to Lieutenant General John B. Coulter
Syngman Rhee thanks Coulter for his birthday letter.
June 06, 1953
Statement by President Syngman Rhee
President Syngman Rhee strongly opposed the peace talks between the United Nations, the North Korea People’s Army, and the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army. Rhee proposed that he would accept this armistice only if the United States signed a Mutual Defense Pact and to continue to build the ROK forces after the war.
June 15, 1953
Letter, John W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee
John W. Staggeres responds to Syngman Rhee's question about his loan to "a certain Korean lady."
June 23, 1953
Letter, Margery Davidson to Syngman Rhee
Margery Davidson tells Rhee to ignore the pressure of the likes of Eisenhower and Churchill because “all intelligent patriotic Americans are with you.”
June 24, 1953
Letter, Mr. and Mrs. Warren L. Chaffin and Jay. T. McCamic to Syngman Rhee
The authors write to assure Rhee that he enjoys their highest support.
June 26, 1953
Letter, E.L. Sundet to Syngman Rhee
The author claims Rhee enjoys widespread support in Lake Preston, South Dakota.
July 03, 1953
Telegram of the Soviet Chargé to the PRC to the Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers
After acknowledging Syngman Rhee's solitary role in blocking the passage of the armistice agreement, Peng Dehuai and Kim Il Sung draft a response to General Clark.
July 27, 1953
President Eisenhower to the President of the Republic of Korea (Rhee)
Eisenhower informs Rhee that US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles will be visiting Korea shortly.
July 27, 1953
Notes on Visit of General Clark with President Rhee (8:30-8:55, 27 July 1953)
General Clark tries to convince President Rhee to attend the armistice signing, emphasizing that Kim Il Sung will not be present. Ambassador Briggs then reports that President Eisenhower has approved $200 million in aid for Korean rehabilitation.
August 03, 1953
Confidential Memorandum, Before Agreeing to the Armistice Agreement
When the United States agreed to a truce talk to end the Korea War, President Syngman Rhee disapproved. He opposed the truce and tried to attack these peace proceedings through a serious of events- such as releasing thousands of prisoners of war and creating turmoil for the US government. In order to persuade Rhee to accept the armistice defense, the US dispatches Assistant Secretary of State Walter Robertson to meet with the South Korean president in a series of bargaining discussions. Eventually, under certain conditions and a mutual defense pact with the US, Rhee agrees to the armistice.
August 06, 1953
Proposed Joint Statement by President Rhee and Secretary Dulles
In this proposed joint statement, President Rhee and Secretary Dulles discuss the terms for the joint security pact between the ROK and the US.