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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 05, 1950

    Message from Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin describes the US inability to engage in a "big war" and encourages Kim in his fight against the US. He also discusses the domestic situation in China.

  • October 07, 1950

    Telegram from Matveev to USSR Council of Ministers

    Pak Il-u meets with Mao Zedong and five members of the CCP Politburo to discuss the current military situation in North Korea.

  • October 07, 1950

    Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to China N.V. Roshchin to Stalin

    Ambassador Roshchin passes a message from Mao to Stalin regarding the Chinese deployment of troops to Korea.

  • October 08, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to the Soviet Council of Ministers

    Telegram of the ambassador of the USSR in the DPRK to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR with information from the North Korean government about the decision of China to send a volunteer army to Korea

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on advising Kim Il Sung to remain optimistic and publicize the Chinese People's volunteer Army's involvement in the Korean War, stating that the opposing side is not prepared for a protracted war and thus is prone to panic.

  • January 07, 1951

    Report on the War and Political Situation in Korea

    Dodin reports on the Korean War in regards to its economic and political impact in North Korea.

  • July 30, 1952

    Mao Zedong, 'Comments on the Sanitation Services of the Volunteer Army'

    Mao Zedong's positive comment on the work of the Sanitation Services of the Chinese People's Volunteers.

  • September 04, 1952

    Record of a Conversation between Stalin, Kim Il Sung, Pak Heon-yeong, Zhou Enlai, and Peng Dehuai

    Soviet, Chinese, and North Korean officials discuss the military situation in Korea and the status of armistice talks.

  • January 24, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    A report on North Korea's preparations for war.

  • February 22, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    The Polish embassy reports on enemy air raids against North Korea during February 1953.

  • February 28, 1953

    Report No. 1 of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland In the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for the Period of 1 January 1953 to 28 February 1953

    A wide range of topics are addressed, including the basic guidelines of the 5th Plenum of the KWP CC, education, espionage, culture, transportation, agriculture and the economic situation in ROK.

  • July, 1953

    Report from the 64th Fighter Aviation Corps of the Soviet Air Forces in Korea

    The Soviet Air Forces report on the number of aircrafts which were shot down during the Korean War and the reasons for the decline in the effectiveness of the fighters.

  • July 03, 1953

    Telegram of the Soviet Chargé to the PRC to the Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers

    After acknowledging Syngman Rhee's solitary role in blocking the passage of the armistice agreement, Peng Dehuai and Kim Il Sung draft a response to General Clark.

  • August 01, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea about the Korean War Armistice

    A truce agreement for Korea is signed in Panmunjeom.

  • August 03, 1953

    Confidential Memorandum, Before Agreeing to the Armistice Agreement

    When the United States agreed to a truce talk to end the Korea War, President Syngman Rhee disapproved. He opposed the truce and tried to attack these peace proceedings through a serious of events- such as releasing thousands of prisoners of war and creating turmoil for the US government. In order to persuade Rhee to accept the armistice defense, the US dispatches Assistant Secretary of State Walter Robertson to meet with the South Korean president in a series of bargaining discussions. Eventually, under certain conditions and a mutual defense pact with the US, Rhee agrees to the armistice.

  • August 20, 1954

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to General James A. Van Fleet

    Syngman Rhee writes to General James A. Van Fleet to express his dissatisfaction with the United States' defense committment to South Korea and the rest of the free world. After describing his own "plan for military action" on the Korean Peninsula, Rhee also touches on South Korea's delicate relationship with Japan.

  • April 13, 1955

    Record of a Conversation with Illarion Dmitriyevich Pak, Chairman of the Jagang Provincial People's Committee

    Pak discusses the domestic political situation of the DPRK, in which a culture of servility toward Kim Il Sung pervades the political atmosphere and great pressure is placed the on peasants as a result of new agricultural policies.

  • January 27, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 27-29 January 1956

    Ivanov visits the DPRK headquarters of the People’s Volunteer Army of China. Commanding General Yang Yong gives him and his entourage a tour of the facilities and points out the DPRK's shortage of aircraft equipment.

  • June 04, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 4 June 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il agree on the need to object to a potential US proposal to modify Article 13 of the Armistice agreement. Nam Il also hints at the desire for Chinese troops to withdraw from the DPRK and expresses the KWP Presidium's concern regarding the issue of the KWP CC premier.

  • July 29, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 July 1957

    Puzanov and Pak Jeong-aei discuss potential KWP leadership promotions, the combining of several ministries, and relations between the Chinese People's Volunteers and the North Korean population.