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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • 1945

    Soviet Report on Communists in Korea, 1945

    Soviet officers provide a sketch of the existing communist movement in northern and southern Korea in 1945 and suggest that Kim Il Sung should be a leading candidate to head the Korean government.

  • November 22, 1946

    Report for General-Major Comrade Romanenko on the Political Situation in Korea

    In this telegram Shtykov reviews the activities of the Socialist-Workers' Party of South Korea, stating that it is comprised of reactionary elements and should not be allowed to join with the Workers' Party of South Korea. Lacking a broad base among the working masses, the Socialist-Workers Party would undermine the work done thus far in South Korea. Furthermore, Shtykov advises Ho Hong to be nominated leader of the Workers' Party of South Korea and and Pak Heon-yeong first chairman.

  • March 18, 1948

    Central Intelligence Agency, ORE 15/48, 'The Current Situation in Korea'

    An intelligence report about both North and South Korea. The report explains what the situation currently is and what is projected to happen with Soviet and American interaction with their respective Koreas.

  • July 12, 1948

    Memo of the Directorate for Foreign Relations of the USSR Armed Forces General Staff about the Results of a Conference of Leaders of the Political Parties and Organizations of North and South Korea

    The statement describes the conference which took place in Pyongyang from June 29 to July 5. The main goal of the conference was to discuss the separate elections held in South Korea and possibilities for the unification of Korea. The North Korean representatives considered the National Assembly formed in South Korea to be illegitimate and urged for the expulsion of foreign powers in order to achieve a unified Korea.

  • April 20, 1949

    The Korean Issue at the Third General Assembly of the United Nations

    Published by the Society for the Study of International Problems in 1949, this book contains a compilation of letters and news from 1948 that cover North Korea's position toward the Korean issue at the United Nations.

  • August 11, 1950

    The Political Situation in Korea during the Period of Military Operations

    A report on the Korean War from June through August 1950, including discussions on the start of the conflict, news media in North and South Korea, the air war, and the North Korean occupation of Seoul.

  • September 02, 1950

    Incoming Cable No. 600081, Shtykov to Vyshinky

    Shtykov passes on a memorandum to Vyshinsky written by Syngman Rhee to Dr. Robert T. Oliver.

  • December 31, 1952

    Report from the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for the Period of 20 November to 31 December 1952

    Jozef reports on the progress of the Korean War and improving domestic conditions in North Korea.

  • February 28, 1953

    Report No. 1 of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland In the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for the Period of 1 January 1953 to 28 February 1953

    A wide range of topics are addressed, including the basic guidelines of the 5th Plenum of the KWP CC, education, espionage, culture, transportation, agriculture and the economic situation in ROK.

  • 1954

    Freedom to Non-Repatriated Prisoners of War

    This note warns that the communists will try to convince the world that these “freed” prisoners are not really freed and during this processing and resettlement period the world will be watching the Republic of Korea and the Republic of China's actions.

  • June 14, 1954

    Letter, John W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    Revised proposal of the AKRP Commodities Corporation, which is interested in investing in melting or smelting plants in Korea.

  • July 01, 1954

    Letter, Yu Chang Jun to Major Ungerleider

    Request that Edward C. Dugan be granted the privileges of using the postal system and the post exchange of the United States Army.

  • 1955

    Report, 'Elements who make Opposite Utilization of Democratic Law of Criminal Procedure'

    Article lamenting the division of Korea and the influence of the Soviet Union and communism.

  • April, 1955

    Information on the Situation in the DPRK

    Soviet diplomats Fedorenko and Ponomarev report on a wide range of issues involving North Korea, including agriculture, industry, and economic conditions in the DPRK, relations with China and the Soviet Union, and the situation in South Korea.

  • May 10, 1955

    Letter, Harold Lady to Syngman Rhee

    Information about a company for a geological survey of Korea recommended from McGraw. Harold Lady thought a survey of petroleum geology and mineral deposits was necessary for Korea.

  • July 17, 1955

    Letter, General Collier to Syngman Rhee

    General Collier congratulates Rhee on the seventh anniversary of Constitution Day commemorating the adoption of the Constitution of the ROK.

  • August 17, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Pál Szarvas, Hungarian Ambassador to the DPRK, describing a meeting he had with Soviet Ambassador Vasily Ivanovich Ivanov on 29 July 1955. He talks about the unusually frank conversation they had in which the latter openly criticized the secretiveness and reservedness of the North Korean government. The Soviet Ambassador asked that the Hungarian embassy, if it shares the same opinion as the Soviets, exert pressure on the North Koreans to correct their mistakes. Szarvas, though he implies his agreement with Ivanov, suggests that no action be taken at the current time.

  • December 21, 1955

    Concerning the Self-Confession Movement in the DPRK

    The letter and memorandum are both addressed to the chief of the Far East Department of the Soviet Foreign Ministry Ivan Kurdyukov. The contents primarily concern the "self-confession" movement in North Korea, which encourages confession to criminal acts against the state. Also covered are finance and accounting in North Korea.

  • December 26, 1955

    The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (A Brief Memorandum)

    A memorandum reviewing both Koreas' economic conditions and respective political makeups after the Korean War, and reconstruction efforts and agricultural shortages in North Korea.

  • June 11, 1956

    Summarizing Protocol of the Politburo Meeting with the Korean Comrades on 8 June 1956 at 1730 hours

    Discussion on North and South Korean politics and economy, with detailed account on North Korean economic development.