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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 10, 1945

    Soviet Foreign Ministry Report, 'On the Question of a United Government in Korea'

    This document discusses the creation of an independent Korea. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) first presented the idea at the Cairo Conference in 1943. The United States supports the creation of a single Korean state while the USSR opposes it. The document discusses the importance of the answer to the unification question for the Soviet Union's political and economic future as well as its interest in the Far East.

  • March 18, 1949

    Protocol No. 68 of a Meeting of the Special Committee Under the Council of Ministers of the USSR

    Sea and air agreements between USSR and DPRK, establishment of regular relationships with the Korean government, agreement about proposed construction projects, transportation, agreements in regards to Korean specialists in USSR, trade establishment with Korea

  • June, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference, Top Secret Instructions to the ROK Delegation

    The South Korean delegation at the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference is told that "all the Free Nations of Asia should join in guaranteeing eternal security for each other" through a collective security arrangement.

  • April 29, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 April 1957

    The DPRK Ambassador to the GDR tell Puzanov about a conference of DPRK ambassadors. He directs Puzanov's attention to the following issues: the disgrace of the former DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo, the possibility of a neutral Korea, DPRK foreign trade relations, the recall of the DPRK Ambassador from Romania, and party-government delegations from various communist countries.

  • May 02, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 2 May 1957

    During the North Korean delegation's lunch meeting with the Soviets, DPRK leaders speak warmly of the Soviet government and the aid it provided. Kim Il Sung remarks on friction with the Czechoslovak government's position on providing economic assistance.

  • August 22, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 August 1957

    Puzanov and Pak Ui-wan discuss the construction of the Soviet Embassy in North Korea, the KWP CC leadership's suspicions against factionalists, and Pak Ui-wan's efforts to clear himself of suspicion. Later, Puzanov meets with Nam Il and discusses railroad construction, the second session of the World Meteorological Organization, settling citizenship issues, and the sale of goods for agricultural products from collective farms in the Soviet Union.

  • February 20, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 February 1958

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss the reference to the two Koreas in the recent Statement of the USSR,the issue of the South Korean aircraft that has overflown into DPRK, and the PRC delegation's visit to the DPRK.

  • March 30, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 30 March 1960

    Pak Seong-cheol delivers a request to Puzanov for Soviet assistance in expanding energy production in North Korea.

  • September 09, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 9 September 1960

    Puzanov and Jeong Il-yong discuss the Soviet construction advisory committee's visit to the DPRK. GDR Ambassador Kurt Schneidewind informs them of the new entry process for West Berlin citizens traveling to socialist countries.

  • September 06, 1963

    Memorandum of a Conversation of c. Moravec with the USSR Ambassador to the DPRK

    C. Moskovskyi asked c. Moravec about celebration ceremonies in the DPRK and for clarification of the KWP's positions on foreign policies. The Soviet Union is allegedly interested in establishing economic ties with South Korea.

  • April 17, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Vasily Kuznetsov and North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kim Byeong-jik

    Kim Byeong-jik discusses the situation in South Korea and Japanese-South Korean relations.

  • April 09, 1966

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and North Korean Foreign Minister Pak Seong-cheol

    Pak Seong-cheol claims that the American forces in South Korea are a hindrance in the way of reunification and comments on Soviet-North Korean relations and Japan.

  • May 23, 1966

    Record of Conversation with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK Comrade Pak Seong-cheol

    Pak Seong-cheol explains North Korea's military policies and stances toward reunification, Japan, and military relations with the Soviet Union.

  • September 07, 1966

    Report on a Meeting between Enver Hoxha and DPRK Ambassador Baek Sunje

    The transcript of the conversation notes North Korea's concerns about South Korea's increasing military size and the continued existence of the UN Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea. Hoxha gives his support for the DPRK position.

  • January 22, 1971

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    In efforts to ease trade restrictions with socialist countries, the ROK has granted an entry visa to a Soviet national.

  • August 24, 1971

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in the Soviet Union to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A telegram from the Embassy of Hungary in the Soviet Union discussing how to handle relations with both the North and South Korean governments without offending the North Koreans.

  • November 23, 1971

    Letters between Narasimhan and Ozbudun

    Ozbudun updates Narasimhan on domestic and international affairs in ROK. The 9th preliminary Red Cross talks made no progress. The ROK government worries that PRC's entry in the UN will affect the UN Korean question discussion. A Russian reporter may visit Seoul to sound out potential trade relations. Japan decides to forgo trade and banking relations with North Korea.

  • July 13, 1972

    Memorandum, Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Hungarian Foreign Ministry summarizes the change of the positions of North and South Korea on the unification of the Korean Peninsula, Soviet-Korean relations, and the involvement of China and the United States on the Korean Peninsula.

  • September 28, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on General Committee vote on Korean items.

  • November 26, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 61.530

    The telegram highlights the new South Korean effort to normalize relations with China and the USSR. Both Soviet and Chinese officials reject the overture from South Korea.