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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • May 22, 1948

    Soviet Military Order from Foreign Operations Section Chief to Commander of East-Asian Operational Section Managarov

    Soviet military message ordering its recipient to ascertain the needs of the People's Liberation Army, so that the Soviet Union can meet them. The message also contains affirmations of Soviet support for the Communist forces in China, and promises of massive aid in the future.

  • July 06, 1948

    Soviet Military Order from Operations Chief, Section Chief Lieutenant General Filyashev/Filyashkii to Commander of East-Asian Operational Section General Lieutenant Managarov

    Soviet military order informing the Chief of East-Asian Operational Section General Lieutenant Managarov of the arrival of a Lieutenant General Fedenko, who will take over operational command. It orders Managarov to continue to attend to supply line matters, and attend to the needs of the People's Liberation Army eagerly.

  • January 08, 1949

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao thanks Stalin for sending over Ivan Kovalev to help with economic struggles in China. Mao asks for materials with which China may build railroads.

  • February, 1949

    Cable, Joseph Stalin to Anastas Mikoyan

    Cable from Stalin to Mikoyan giving answers to questions raised by Mao Zedong. Stalin advises not to rush in creating a government in China before comprehensively "clearing the liberated area from hostile elements." Stalin explains that the USSR sent an agent to Canton for intelligence-gathering, and says that the Americans and English are sending ambassadors to CCP areas to function as spies.

  • November 07, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation of Soviet Ambassador Roshchin with Deputy Chairman Zhu De on 24 October 1949

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador Roshchin and Commander of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Zhu De. Zhu De notes that PLA progress through Southern China is meeting little resistance, although it is slowed by the lack of available gasoline. De puts forth his opinion that Chinese success in Xinjiang will depend on mechanized agricultural aid from the Soviets.

  • August 27, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai

    Telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai answering his request for military advisors.

  • September 06, 1952

    Letter, Zhou Enlai to Comrade Molotov

    Zhou Enlai seeks technical support from the Soviet Union.

  • September 06, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to Chairman Mao [Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai and Stalin discuss Soviet assistance for the Chinese economy and military.

  • September 16, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai updates Mao Zedong on the latest conversations with Stalin and other members of the Soviet leadership. Topics of discussion included Soviet technical assistance to China, developments in the Korean War, the United Nations, and the formation of a regional organization for Asia.

  • June 24, 1954

    List of Changes to Agreements between China and the Soviet Union

    An agreement proposal sent by Zhang Wentian to Vyacheslav Molotov. The proposal concerns changes to an agreement between China and the Soviet Union concerning Soviet economic and technical assistance to China. Particular attention is paid to aiding in the Chinese defense industry, assistance in developing thermal power plants to meet China's growing needs of electricity, and the economic development of several provinces in China.

  • October 26, 1954

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Third Meeting with Nehru

    Om the final day of Nehru's visit, he and Mao discuss Soviet technical assistance and relations with Burma.

  • January 31, 1955

    Address by Zhou Enlai at the Plenary Session of the Fourth Meeting of the State Council (Excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai addresses the State Council citing a need for China to "master atomic energy." The Chinese program is far behind in this area, but plans to catch up with the help of Soviet technical assistance.

  • March 01, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1954, No. 1 (Overall Issue No. 1)

    This issue features content on China's cooperation with the Soviet Union, Mongolia, India, Albania, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). It also has sections on Taiwan, education, economic policies, and railroad development.

  • August 19, 1955

    Letter to the Soviet Ambassador [in Beijing]

    The Soviet Union will help to train Chinese specialists in the area of nuclear energy.

  • August 19, 1955

    Proposal of the USSR Ministry of Higher Education on Providing Assistance to the Chinese People’s Republic in Training Specialists for Work in the Area of the Peaceful Use of Atomic Energy

    The CPSU CC agrees to assist the PRC with nuclear energy training.

  • December 30, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 23 (Overall Issue No. 26)

    This issue begins with a statement about the American violation of the Sino-U.S. ambassadorial agreement to repatriate citizens held in either country. It also discusses a Sino-Soviet agreement to combat crop diseases and to engage in pest control. Other sections cover light industries, art and cultural work in factories and mines, and protections for young people.

  • 1956

    Letter, Deputy Chair of the Far Eastern Branch of the Soviet Academy of Sciences Aleksei Vasil’evich Stozhenko

    Stozhenko, a geography professor, writes to a friend concerning komandirovka (work-related travel), science education in China, and the sometimes bad behavior of Soviet advisors in China. He warns that “gluttonous eating, sleeping in luxury rooms, and traveling in the international car at the expense of the PRC is not helping things.”

  • January 15, 1956

    Request by the Chinese leadership to the Soviet Leadership for Help in Establishing a Chinese Nuclear Program

    Request by Chinese leaders to the Soviet leadership for technical and scientific aid in establishing a nuclear program in the People's Republic of China, including exchange programs for Chinese scientists, building of scientific labs in China, and providing specialized education for Chinese students.

  • January 17, 1956

    Letter, V. Akshinskii, Deputy Secretary at the Soviet Embassy to China, Regarding the Behavior of Soviet and Czech Specialists in China

    USSR ambassador on the freely and offending conduct toward the Chinese people of the Czech specialists employed with their Soviet counterparts in Shanghai.

  • April 23, 1956

    Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Circular concerning the Transfer of Cadres and Workers to Participate in Atomic Energy Development Work (Excerpt)

    A Chinese Central Committee circular stresses the need for China to develop a healthy uranium prospecting and mining industry, and to transfer technical and administrative cadres to work with Soviet experts.