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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 03, 1972

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, no. 210 s, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Proposal Regarding the Organization of KGB Organs in the Frontier Counties of the Republic'

    Request from the Moldavian Communist Party to send KGB officers to Moldavia in light of the “intensification of subversive activities directed against the republic by the special services and ideological centers of the Western countries,” of Israel, and of Romania. Travelers coming from Romania were deemed particularly dangerous because of their efforts “to inculcate our citizens with a nationalist spirit.” A “considerable part of them” smuggled in “materials and literature that are dangerous from the political perspective” while others “propagated the separate course of the Romanian leadership, the idea of breaking off the former Bessarabia from the USSR and uniting it with Romania.”

  • January 12, 1976

    Transcript No. 100 of the Meeting of the Central Committee Bureau of the Moldavian Communist Party

    In response to a decision of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee, the Moldavian Communist Party made plans for producing new radio, television and print propaganda. Measures were also planned for preventing the smuggling of nationalistic Romanian propaganda into the Moldavian Republic.

  • May 26, 1976

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, No. 145 ss, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Information on New Falsifications of Russo-Romanian and Soviet-Romanian Relations in the Publications of the Socialist Republic of Romania'

    Report on the "Falsifications" common in nationalist Romanian propaganda. The Moldavian Communist Party was concerned that this material denied the separate political and ethnic identity of Moldavians, insisting that they were Romanian, and was often strongly anti-Soviet. Romania had become the launching point from which, “through different channels, reactionary literature published in the US, FRG, Israel, China, and other countries in which the most extravagant anti-Sovietism prospers penetrates into the Soviet Union.”

  • April 07, 1978

    Council of Ministers of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, No. 16-115, to MCP Central Committee, 'Consolidating the Technical-Material Base of TV-Radio Broadcasting in Moldovia'

    Instructions from the Moldavian Council of Ministers for improving tv and radio broadcasting in Moldavia. Instructions were also given to various cultural organizations, print publishers, and border control units to be more watchful of nationalist propaganda entering Moldavia from Romania.

  • December 06, 1978

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, No. 294s, to President of the USSR Committee for State Security (KGB), Andropov, 'Regarding the Necessity of Increasing the Number of Personnel of the Moldavian SSR KGB'

    The Moldavian Communist Party requests an increase in the number of KGB personnel in Moldavia to assist with efforts to "curb subversive activity" originating in Romania. This “ideological subversion” was further propagated by the Romanian print and broadcast media, through direct mailings (mail correspondence having “surpassed 500 thousand letters per year”) and through Romanian citizens visiting the republic who sought to indoctrinate the Soviet people “in an anti-Soviet, anti-Russian spirit."

  • December 03, 1979

    Section for Relations with Foreign Countries of the Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, to MCP Central Committee, 'Information On the Activity of the Radio-Interception Group of the State Committee for Television and Radio of Moldavia'

    List of questions and topics for the Moldavian State Committee for Television and Radio to focus on collecting. The MCP was concerned about tracking anti-Soviet and anti-Moldavian propaganda which originated in Romania.

  • February 20, 1981

    Principal Directorate for Foreign Tourism at the USSR Council of Ministers, No. 53/492, to MCP Central Committee Secretary, Petric, 'Regarding the Arrival of Romanian Tourists into the Moldavian SSR'

    Short note from the Moldavian Council of Ministers ordering that Romanian tourists not be allowed to visit Moldavia unless their itinerary included other Soviet countries/cities.

  • November 03, 1982

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Moldavian SSR, No. 24 s, to MCP Central Committee, 'About the Creation of the Council for the Coordination of Foreign Policy Propaganda'

    Report on the increasing volume of foreign visitors to Moldavia, and plans to organize a new Council for the Coordination of Foreign Policy. This council would have the “task of permanently counteracting the subversive activity of all sorts of falsifiers of the history of the Moldavian people, statehood, language and culture,” with Romanian policies singled out as continually “exercising a negative influence over Moldavian society”

  • August 19, 1986

    Transcript No. 14, § 3, Annex, 'Measures Regarding the Intensification of Patriotic and Internationalist Education of the Population of the Republic, the Fight against Manifestations of Nationalism'

    The Moldavian Communist Party lists measures to be taken to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda, assigning various tasks and deadlines to numerous government divisions and cultural organizations.

  • August 19, 1986

    Transcript No. 14 of the Meeting of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the Moldavian Communist Party

    Meeting of the Moldavian Communist Party in which they discuss measures to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda in Moldavia. The MCP cited a “recent” and “abrupt intensification of bourgeois and revisionist propaganda operations,” fully supported by a “series of historians, publicists and means of mass information from the Socialist Republic of Romania,” and by Romanian tourists who, “educated in the spirit of nationalist and chauvinist calumnies of Romanian bourgeois and revisionist historiography,” try to spread their ideas among the population of the republic

  • July 24, 1989

    Decision of the Moldavian KGB Collegium, On the Implementation Status by KGB MSSR Section 5 'Fulfillment of the Directives of the XXVIIth CPSU Congress on the Intensification of Ideological-Educational Work'

    Report by the Moldavian KGB on the decisions it had implemented of the USSR KGB Collegium from the previous year. Includes work to counter Romanian nationalist propaganda. Romania is referred to by the code name "Objective 24." General-Lieutenant G.M. Volkov, the Chairman of the Moldavian SSR KGB, maintained that an all-out offensive was required, including the use of “persons of trust from among the ranks of people of science, culture and art,” in order to neutralize “the subversive activity of the adversary” by identifying and isolating the “emissaries of the adversary” and imposing “permanent and reliable operational control” over them.

  • November 28, 1989

    Decision About the Measures Regarding the Decision of the KGB Collegium of the USSR of 5 September 1989, 'About the Tasks of the State Security Services of the USSR Regarding the Defense of the Soviet Constitutional Regime'

    In response to the increase of anti-Soviet and Romanian nationalist propaganda, the Moldavian KGB decides to form a new organization, Section 3, "to provide a principled basis for the activity concerning the defense of the Soviet constitutional regime." Detailed instructions are given for the new Sections operations and activities.

  • February 22, 1991

    Resolution of the Secretariat of the CC CPSU, 'On New Points in the Approach of the Romanian Leadership towards the Moldavian Problem'

    Romanian officials are once again raising the issue of the unification of Moldova and Romania.

  • June, 2007

    Stiffening control over citizens. Folder 56. The Chekist Anthology

    This report provides evidence of a secret Moldovan KGB and Moldovan Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) conference which took place in July 2, 1976. In this folder Mitrokhin provides a detailed plan for cooperation between these two institutions in order to provide state and public security. According to Mitrokhin, state security had been threatened by foreign spies, anti-socialist leadership, foreign tourists from capitalist countries, Jewish and German extremists, and sectarians. In order to counter these perceived threats, the officials of both institutions agreed to provide each other with the needed information, to organize events to promote socialism and patriotism, and to cooperate under any circumstances. This folder provides evidence that the officials were most concerned about foreign visitors and their activities in Moldova. A number of actions were taken to prohibit any kind of a threat, including special control over temporary residents, prohibiting immigration of people of Jewish and German descent, confiscating weapons from civilian foreigners, and detaining them in case they violate law and order. Mitrokhin points out that the officials agreed that strengthening the State Automobile Inspectorate (GAI) and border patrol would be necessary to avoid the chance of the smallest opposition movement.