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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 01, 1960

    From the Journal of N. Ye. Torbenkov, Record of a Conversation with DPRK MFA Counselor Pak Deok-hwan

    In this incomplete document, Pak Deok-hwan, a Soviet Korean, describes his plans to return to the Soviet Union. He also discusses the "Juche" philosophy being promoted by the KWP that "everything Korean is better compared to [anything] foreign."

  • August 28, 1962

    Notes from a Conversation between Comrade Durcak of the Czech Embassy in the DPRK with the Soviet Ambassador, Comrade Moskovskii, on 28.VIII.1962.

    The Embassy of Czechoslovakia in North Korea comments on educational policies in North Korea and the state of Soviet-North Korean relations.

  • May 16, 1963

    Comment on the Internal Korean Workers Party Brochure, 'The Revolutionary Traditions of our Party Established during the Period of the Armed Anti-Japanese Struggle'

    An East German report on the development of Kim Il Sung's cult of personality and the portrayal of the anti-Japanese guerrilla struggle in North Korea.

  • August 18, 1967

    Information about Some New Aspects on Korean Workers' Party Positions concerning Issues of Domestic and Foreign Policy

    The Acting East German Ambassador to North Korea discusses Kim Il Sung's leadership and cult of personality, Korean reunification, and North Korea's foreign relations with China and Japan.

  • April 23, 1968

    Memorandum On the Visit of the Party and Government Delegation of the GDR, led by Comrade Prof. Dr. Kurt Hager, with the General Secretary of the KWP and Prime Minister of the DPRK, Comrade Kim Il Sung, on 16 April 1968, 5:00p.m. until 6:50 p.m.

    In a meeting with Dr. Kurt Hager, Kim Il Sung fully says he fully supports East Germany GDR and describes North Korea's relations with other Communist countries.

  • May 06, 1968

    Record of Conversation between Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR Aleksei Kosygin and North Korean Ambassador in the USSR Jeong Du-hwan

    DPRK diplomat, Jeong Du-hwan expresses his satisfaction about the mutual relationship between the DPRK and the Soviet Union. He discusses the Pueblo incident, and remarks on the increased tension on the Korean peninsula and in the far east. A.N. Kosgygin describes in frank detail, the continuous economic co-operation that the Soviet Union has with the DPRK.

  • March 28, 1969

    Far East Department of the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Domestic Situation and the Foreign Policy of the Korean People's Democratic Republic'(Regarding political report and other information materials of Soviet embassy in DPRK in 1968)

    The document discusses the DPRK's difficult economic situation and several changes in the political system, such as a new ideology "Juche" and shifts in the high command in parties. It also examines international politics of DPRK with China, Japan, and the Soviet Union.

  • June 09, 1969

    Soviet Embassy in North Korea, 'Concerning Changes in the Views of the Korean Leadership on Questions of the Unity of the Socialist Camp and the International Communist Movement'

    The report states that the DPRK is influenced less by Beijing and has started to contact European socialist countries more. It describes how DPRK is advocating for “absolute independence” as well.

  • August 28, 1969

    From the Journal of N.M. Shubnikov, 'Record of a Conversation with Janos Lewandowski, Director of the 2nd Department of the PNR MFA'

    After discussing economic relations between the DPRK and Poland, Lewandowski states that DPRK’s absence in the International Meeting of Communist and Workers’ parties cannot be justified. He denounces Juche ideology as a purely nationalist policy which has nothing to do with the ideas of internationalism.

  • September, 1969

    Eldridge Cleaver Notebooks, September 1969

    Eldridge Cleaver's handwritten notes from his travels to North Korea in September 1969 for the "International Conference on Tasks of Journalists of the Whole World in their Fight against U.S. Imperialist Aggression."

  • September 28, 1969

    Eldrirdge Cleaver's Notes on Korea

    Notes taken by Eldridge Cleaver during his visit to North Korea in September 1969 for the "International Conference on Tasks of Journalists of the Whole World in their Fight against U.S. Imperialist Aggression."

  • November 18, 1969

    N. Sudarikov, 'The Main Directions of the Domestic and Foreign Policy of the KWP CC and DPRK Government and the Situation in Korea'

    The document describes the increased exaltation of Kim Il Sung. Regarding international relations, the DPRK diverges with the Soviet Union and other European countries. The document also touches on relations with the Soviet Union, China, and South Korea. Lastly, some issues which should be addressed during the visit of Pak Seong-cheol to the Soviet Union are mentioned.

  • 1970

    Eldridge Cleaver Notebooks, 1970

    Eldridge Cleaver's handwritten notes from his travels to North Korea in 1970 for the "U.S. People's Anti-Imperialist Delegation."

  • 1971

    Eldridge Cleaver's Introduction to Kim Il Sung's Speeches

    Eldridge Cleaver praises North Korea's efforts toward national liberation and suggests that Kim Il Sung's speeches should be inspiring to Americans.

  • March 22, 1971

    Memorandum, Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A memorandum of the Hungarian Foreign Ministry regarding the foreign relations of North Korea as well as the Juche ideology.

  • September 09, 1971

    Message to Kim Il Sung from Eldridge Cleaver

    Eldridge Cleaver sends a message to Kim Il Sung celebrating the twenty-third anniversary of the founding of DPRK. Cleaver praises the Juche principle and the Korean revolution for national independence against the Japanese fascists and US imperialists. Koreans are described as the prime mover of the international revolutionary movement and as having built a powerful independent socialist country. Cleaver praises North Korea's efforts in reaching out to the southern hemisphere that is suffering from US neo-colonialism.

  • April 28, 1976

    Hungarian Embassy in the DPRK, Report, 28 April 1976. Subject: Visit of an Ethiopian government delegation in the DPRK.

    The report concerns a visit to North Korea by an Ethiopian diplomatic delegation. Among matters discussed were the Juche ideology in North Korea, economic cooperation, and the opening of commercial relations.

  • 1980

    The Closing Decree of the KWP Central Committee’s 6th Congress

    The KWP Central Committee plan and declaration of fortifying the unity among the anti-imperialist independent forces and expanding and developing the Non-Aligned Movement

  • July 07, 1980

    Telegram the Hungarian Embassy in Pyongyang, 'On the slogans of the 6th Korean Workers’ Party Congress'

    The Hungarian Embassy in North Korea reports that the slogans of the 6th Korean Workers' Party Congress are "lacking in references to Marxism-Leninism, and instead only use the concepts of 'juche' and 'independence'.”

  • August 15, 1980

    Telegram the Hungarian Embassy in Pyongyang, 'Korean Workers' Party's 6th Congress'

    The Hungarian Embassy in Pyongyang speculates whether or not foreign delegations will be invited to the KWP's 6th Congress.