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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 02, 1949

    Telegram from Shtykov on Preparations for an Attack on North Korea

    Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Shtykov reports that South Korean forces were being expanded with US assistance and that the government of President Syngman Rhee was taking steps to increase the combat readiness of its army.

  • September 24, 1949

    Politburo Decision to Confirm the Following Directive to the Soviet Ambassador in Korea

    The Soviet Politburo argues that North Korea is not ready to launch a successful overthrow of the South Korean regime and suggests North Korea should concentrate its efforts on developing partisan groups in South Korea.

  • April 07, 1950

    National Security Council Report, NSC 8/2, "Position of the United States with Respect to Korea"

    Report by the National Security Council to the President on US policy objectives regarding Korea.

  • May 14, 1950

    Telegram from Roshchin to Stalin

    Soviet Ambassador to China N.V. Roschin relays a Chinese assessment of the armed forces in North Korea and South Korea and the possibility of China and North Korea signing a treaty of friendship, alliance, and mutual aid.

  • June 25, 1950

    Report of the DPRK Ministry of Internal Affairs

    A report from the North Korea Ministry of Internal Affairs on an alleged offensive carried out by South Korean forces and the official start of the Korean War.

  • June 26, 1950

    Top Secret Report on the Military Situation in South Korea from Shtykov to Comrade Zakharov

    Report from Shtykov to Zakharov detailing North Korean advances on the first day of the Korean War. Included is a list of conclusions drawn up by Shtykov regarding the conduct of Northern and Southern forces thus far.

  • June 30, 1950

    30 June Report of the High Command of the DPRK People's Army

    A report from the Korean People's Army on events in the Korean War from June 25 through June 30, 1950.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Stalin on the Political Mood in North Korea

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin (copied to the Soviet leadership) describing the successes of KPA forces in the South. He also relays the concern of some of the DPRK cadre regarding American intervention.

  • August 11, 1950

    The Political Situation in Korea during the Period of Military Operations

    A report on the Korean War from June through August 1950, including discussions on the start of the conflict, news media in North and South Korea, the air war, and the North Korean occupation of Seoul.

  • September 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and Instantsia (Stalin)

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko and Stalin reporting the dire circumstances into which the North Koreans had fallen in the wake of the Incheon landings. Mentioned is a correspondence between the North Koreans and Mao which hinted at possible Chinese aid.

  • 1951

    Letter, Lieutenant General John B. Coulter to Syngman Rhee

    Lieutenant General John B. Coulter responds to Syngman Rhee's request to obtain vehicles and tanks that the US plans to scrap.

  • 1951

    Memorandum, Eighth United States Army Korea, 'Local Procurement of Foodstuffs by Republic of Korea'

    Lieutenant General John B. Coulter reports the required rations supplement for the Republic of Korea Army.

  • February 14, 1951

    Letter, Lieutenant General John B. Coulter to Syngman Rhee

    Lieutenant General John B. Coulter informs Syngman Rhee that the movement of Korean refugees is causing problems for UN combat troops.

  • February 15, 1951

    Letter, Lieutenant General John B. Coulter to Syngman Rhee

    Lieutenang General John B. Coulter informs Syngman Rhee that the Eighth United States Army Korea is considering his request regarding tanks.

  • February 20, 1951

    Letter, Lieutenant General John B. Coulter to Shin Sung Mo

    Lieutenant General John B. Coulter confirms an agreement with the ROK Ministry of National Defense to organize eight civilian Pioneer Labor Battalions to assist with United Nations military construction projects.

  • April, 1951

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to Lieutenant General John B. Coulter

    Forwarding a message from Colonel Kim Jong-oh, the Commanding General of the Sixth Division, ROK.

  • April 26, 1951

    Letter, the Commanding General of the Sixth Division to Syngman Rhee

    Translation of ROK Army 6th Division Commander Kim Jong-oh's response to an encouraging letter from Syngman Rhee.

  • April 26, 1951

    Letter, Colonel Kim Jong-oh to Syngman Rhee [Korean]

    ROK Army 6th Division Commander Kim Jong-oh responds to an encouraging letter from Syngman Rhee.

  • May 17, 1951

    Letter, Lieutenant General John B. Coulter to Syngman Rhee

    Lieutenant General John B. Coulter informs Syngman Rhee about the need for military disciplinary controls for the Civil Transport Corps.

  • May 17, 1951

    Letter, Lieutenant General John B. Coulter to Syngman Rhee

    The Department of the Army of the United States advised that procurement in Korea should be obtained by requisition on the Republic of Korea. Several advantages by the system, and included supplies are listed. An opinion in response to the suggestion is attached.