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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 27, 1950

    Statement by the President, Truman on Korea

    Truman's statement on the invasion of South Korea by North Korean forces.

  • June 30, 1950

    From the Journal of A.A. Gromyko, 'Reception of US Ambassador Kirk, 29 June 1950'

    A.A. Gromyko delivers a statement on the start of the Korean War to U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kirk.

  • July 01, 1950

    Conversation between Indian Ambassador Kavalam Madhava Panikkar and Deputy Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu

    Zhang Hanfu and K.M. Panikkar discuss the role of the United Nations in ending the conflict in Korea.

  • September 09, 1950

    National Security Council Report, NSC 81/1, "United States Courses of Action with Respect to Korea"

    The National Security Council reports to President Truman on possible US courses of action in resposne to the North Korean invasion of South Korea.

  • September 23, 1950

    CPSU Politburo Decision to Adopt the Attached Draft Response

    Telegram telling Vyshinsky to inform Lancaster that Malik consented to a meeting with the assistant Ahesona or one of the American ambassadors, as suggested by Lancaster. Malik should listen to the State Department official and if it's evident that the Americans are taking a step forward towards a peaceful settlement of the Korean question, tell him that Malik should ponder the issues mentioned in the conversation.

  • September 27, 1950

    Incoming Cable No. 28116, Vyshinsky to Gromyko

    On the meeting that took place between Tsarapkin and an American intermediary named Lancaster. They talked about the Korean issue.

  • September 28, 1950

    Outgoing Cable No. 18249, Gromyko to Vyshinsky

    Gromyko asks Vyshinsky to get Tsarapkin to inform American intermediary Lancaster that Malik has agreed to the meeting. Malik must hear out the Americans and if it seems that they're willing to work towards a peaceful resolution, tell Lancaster that any questions that the Americans had during this discussion will be answered in the next meeting.

  • October 05, 1950

    Letter, Cde. Filippov [Stalin] for Mao Zedong

    Stalin describes the US inability to engage in a "big war" and encourages Kim in his fight against the US. He also discusses the domestic situation in China.

  • November 28, 1950

    Letter from General MacArthur to the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Chinese Communist Intervention in Korea

    General MacArthur reports from Tokyo on developments in Korea, stating that the Chinese military support to North Korea was increasing.

  • February 10, 1951

    Telegram from Yumashev to Stalin

    Intelligence reports from the Fifth Navy Radio Network from 7 and 9 February reporting that there have been increased amounts of radio transmissions between naval commanders of the US forces in the Far East, and that evidence suggests that the US command is preparing a landing operation on the west coast of Korea.

  • April 25, 1951

    Letter, General James A. Van Fleet to UN Ground Forces in Korea

    General Van Fleet encourages the UN Ground Forces in Korea to continue their fight against “armed communism aggression.”

  • May 06, 1951

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador N. V. Roshchin with CC CCP Secretary Liu Shaoqi

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to the PRC Roshchin and Liu Shaoqi regarding the Guomindang (Kuomintang) and American intervention in Korea, and the question of Chinese relations with Tibet.

  • June 30, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram No. 3917, Filippov [Stalin] to Krasovsky, for Cde. Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao advising how to reply to the American request for armistice negotiations.

  • July 12, 1951

    Cable No. 21726, Mao Zedong to Cde. Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao sends Stalin a brief report concerning the 38th parallel and troop withdrawal during the armistice negotiations from Le Kenong.

  • August 27, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram No. 23256, Mao Zedong to Cde. Filippov [Stalin]

    A telegram from Mao to Stalin informing the latter of the lack of developments at the armistice talks and accusing the Americans of provocative actions designed to pressure the communist delegation. He discusses the possibility of suspending negotiations and the possible outcomes of such a suspension.

  • August 28, 1951

    CC Politburo decision with approved message from Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin agrees with Mao on the steps taken in response to the attacks, Stalin does not agree in inviting neutral countries to negotiations.

  • September 03, 1951

    Zhou Enlai’s Speech to the Central People’s Government Council, 'The Korean Ceasefire Negotiations and Making Peace with Japan'

    Speech by Zhou Enlai emphasizing the need to remain steadfast during negotiations with America on the Korean issue, in order to assure that the treaty is favorable to China and Korea. Notes that aiding Korea and resisting the United States is the only way to prevent Western dominance of East Asia.

  • February 21, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram No. 16715 from Beijing, Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao Zedong requests help from Stalin regarding the dropping of insects on North Korea by the United States.

  • July 16, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram No. 502597, Razuvaev to Cdes. Vasilevsky and Vyshinsky, transmitting message from Kim Il Sung to I.V. Stalin

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung to Stalin stating the current situation of the armistice talks and the pressure which is being exerted upon North Korea by uninhibited American air power. He makes a request for additional anti-aircraft support from the Soviet Union and China, which he believes will lead to a more advantageous bargaining position at the negotiating table.

  • July 18, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram No. 21646 from Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin] conveying 15 July 1952 telegram from Mao to Kim Il Sung and 16 July 1952 reply from Kim to Mao

    A two-part telegram from Mao to Stalin forwarding to the latter, an exchange which occurred between him and Kim Il Sung.