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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 24, 1949

    Report, Kovalev to Stalin

    Kovalev discusses seceral questions on the policy and pratice of the CCP CC. Topics include: data on the economic situation in the country, the Chinese working class, the Chinese peasantry and the land reform, the CCP, the Chinese press, the Chinese state apparatus, the Chinese army, the Chinese intelligentsia, the Chinese attitude toward the national bourgeoisie, the Chinese attitude toward foreign capital, the class struggle in China, and Chinese foreign policy.

  • January 20, 1951

    Report from P. F. Yudin to I. V. Stalin on Meetings with the Leaders of the Communist Party of China, including Mao Zedong on 31 December 1950

    Yudin recounts his meetings with Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and Zhou Enlai. In three meetings, Yudin learned more about China's relations with other communist parties in Asia, economic conditions in China, and developments in the Korean War.

  • August 19, 1952

    From the Journal of A. Ya. Vyshinsky, 'Record of a Conversation with Zhou Enlai, Premier of the PRC State Administrative Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs, 18 August 1952'

    Vyshinsky and Zhou briefly discuss recent changes in China and the positive state of Sino-Soviet relations.

  • August 22, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to Chairman Mao [Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou reports on his meetings with Soviet counterparts. The discussions concerned the Lüshun Port, a possible Sino-Soviet-Mongolian railway, and rubber.

  • September 06, 1952

    Letter, Zhou Enlai to Comrade Molotov

    Zhou Enlai seeks technical support from the Soviet Union.

  • September 06, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to Chairman Mao [Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai and Stalin discuss Soviet assistance for the Chinese economy and military.

  • September 16, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai updates Mao Zedong on the latest conversations with Stalin and other members of the Soviet leadership. Topics of discussion included Soviet technical assistance to China, developments in the Korean War, the United Nations, and the formation of a regional organization for Asia.

  • June 24, 1954

    List of Changes to Agreements between China and the Soviet Union

    An agreement proposal sent by Zhang Wentian to Vyacheslav Molotov. The proposal concerns changes to an agreement between China and the Soviet Union concerning Soviet economic and technical assistance to China. Particular attention is paid to aiding in the Chinese defense industry, assistance in developing thermal power plants to meet China's growing needs of electricity, and the economic development of several provinces in China.

  • October 22, 1954

    Abstract of Talk between Nehru, Chen Yun, and Vice Premier Li Fuchun

    Record of conversation between Indian and Chinese delegations, on a wide variety of issues in China. Conversation covers the structure of Chinese government, management of the bureaucracy, handling of finances, and plans for improving education and productivity levels.

  • November 06, 1954

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, ‘Premier Zhou’s Talk with Members of Japan’s Diet’

    Zhou Enlai and Japanese Diet Members discuss Japan's relationship with the United States, the overall trends in Sino-Japanese relations, and some specific issues in Sino-Japanese relations, such as war criminals, fisheries, and communications.

  • October 20, 1955

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou’s Reception of the Japanese Parliamentary Delegation in China and the Japanese Academic and Cultural Delegation in China

    Zhou Enlai and a group of Japanese officials and academics discuss the wartime history and present status of Japan-China relations. They also touch on US-Japan relations and economic conditions in China and Japan.

  • December 21, 1955

    From the Journal of Pavel F. Yudin: Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong on 21 December 1955

    Mao Zedong discusses the progress of collectivizing agriculture in China as well as the state takeover of private industries in cities.

  • January 12, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 12 January 1956

    Chinese Ambassador Pan Zili explains to Ivanov the successes of the Communist Party of China in its implementation of its agricultural cooperative plan.

  • December 12, 1956

    Memorandum, Chen Yun to N. A. Bulganin

    Chen Yun explains why China cannot purchase as many military supplies from the Soviet Union as original proposed.

  • March 13, 1957

    Memorandum, Chinese Foreign Ministry to the Soviet Embassy to Beijing

    The Chinese government corrects perceived errors in a report complied by the Soviet Far East Economic Committee on China's economic development.

  • April 15, 1957

    Record of Conversation between Polish Premier J. Cyrankiewicz and Chinese Leader Mao Zedong, 8 April 1957

    Mao Zedong and Cyrankiewicz discuss industrial planning, international economic cooperation, and the economic situation in each of their respective countries.

  • October 23, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 October 1957

    Qiao Xiaoguang relays the results of the trip to China by the unofficial Korean delegation headed by Kim Il, where the draft of the first DPRK five-year plan and issues of the commodity exchange between the PRC and DPRK were discussed.

  • July 26, 1958

    Report to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, 'On the Economic and Political Situation in the PRC' (excerpts)

    S. Antonov's report on the economic and political state of the PRC. Antonov writes that China should be able to equal England's steel production within the second Five-Year Plan. Also notes the heightening of Chinese-Japanese tension, as China recognizes the possibility of renewed Japanese militarism.

  • October 02, 1958

    Memorandum of Conversation of Mao Zedong with Six Delegates of the Socialist Countries, China, 2 October 1958

    To the other delegates, Mao discusses their shared goal of defeating imperialism, primarily through peaceful methods. He stresses widespread Marxist reeducation of the Chinese people and increased Chinese industrial and agricultural production as means for improvement. Mao also reminds them that socialist nations must be firmly united under the leadership of the Soviet Union to fight colonialism and imperialism, and while the communes are necessary to organize locally, the party remains the core administrative unite of communized peoples.

  • January 12, 1959

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Summary of Conversation between Chairman Mao and Governor Sampaio of Brazil'

    President Mao Zedong exchanged views with Governor Sampaio on Chinese development, the role of Asia, Africa, and Latin America vis-a-vis the West, and Brazilian foreign policy. Mao also describes his personal studies of the English language.