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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 26, 1943

    The Cairo Declaration

    Roosevelt, Churchhill, and Jiang Jieshi declare that they are "fighting this war to restraint and punish the aggression of Japan."

  • 1945

    Soviet Report on Communists in Korea, 1945

    Soviet officers provide a sketch of the existing communist movement in northern and southern Korea in 1945 and suggest that Kim Il Sung should be a leading candidate to head the Korean government.

  • January 10, 1946

    The Japanese Population in Korea and the Korean Population in Manchuria

    A Soviet report on the situation of Japanese in Korea and on the status of Koreans in Manchuria, or Northeast China, after liberation.

  • January 11, 1946

    Untitled memorandum on the political and morale situation of Soviet troops in North Korea and the economic situation in Korea

    A Soviet report on the first several months of the occupation of North Korea.

  • November 14, 1947

    The Problem of the Independence of Korea

    UN Resolution 112 (II), "The Problem of the Independence of Korea," calls for elections to be held and for foreign troops to withdraw in order to achieve the unification of the Korean Peninsula.

  • October 10, 1948

    Soviet Political, Economic, and Cultural Aid to the DPRK People for the DPRK's Democratic Construction

    The Ministry of Culture and Propaganda publishes a pamphlet on the Soviet Union's tremendous assistance to the DPRK and contrasts the Soviet Union with the behavior of the US and Japan.

  • October 12, 1948

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim Il Sung's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government expresses its readiness to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations.

  • November 20, 1948

    The Korean People's Army

    A collection of speeches of Kim Il Sung, Kim Du-bong, Choe Yong-geon, and Kim Dal-hyeon on the Korean People's Army in 1948.

  • December 25, 1948

    The Operation of the People’s Economy and the System of Planning

    Published by the State Planning Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948, this pamphlet describes the economy of Korea during the colonial period and lays out the policy changes made since liberation.

  • May 18, 1949

    Telegram from the leader of the group of Soviet specialists in Northeast China to the Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers about the results of the Chinese-Korean talks on military cooperation

    A telegram from the leader of the group of Soviet specialists in Northeast China to the Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers about the results of Chinese-Korean talks on military cooperation.

  • June 29, 1950

    A.A. Gromyko Reports on Reception of US Ambassador Kirk

    A.A. Gromyko delivers a statement on the start of the Korean War to U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kirk.

  • 1954

    The Political, Economic and Social-Cultural Situation of the Democratic Popular Republic Of Korea, 1954

    A report on the DPRK's economic and socio-cultural situation, including political parties and mass organizations in North Korea.

  • September 18, 1960

    The Korean People's Democratic Republic (A Brief Memorandum)

    Tugarinov discusses the division of the Korean Peninsula in 1945 and the political and economic situation in the DPRK and ROK respectively.