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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 10, 1946

    The Japanese Population in Korea and the Korean Population in Manchuria

    A Soviet report on the situation of Japanese in Korea and on the status of Koreans in Manchuria, or Northeast China, after liberation.

  • January 01, 1947

    Letter to General-Lieutenant Hodge on Northern Korea Providing Electricity to Southern Korea

    Shtykov informs Ignatev of South Korea's current inability to pay its debt for electricity to North Korea.

  • September 30, 1949

    Letter, from Syngman Rhee to Dr. Robert T. Oliver [Soviet Translation]

    Letter from Syngman Rhee translated into Russian. The original was likely found when the Communists seized Seoul. Syngman Rhee urges Oliver to come to South Korea to help develop the nation independent of foreign invaders and restore order to his country.

  • January 05, 1951

    Letter, Harold Lady to Syngman Rhee

    Harold Lady replies to Syngman Rhee's request for information on selling iron scrap to raise money for the Republic of Korea. He encloses a sample contract from the CDT corporation.

  • January 10, 1951

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to Harold Lady

    Syngman Rhee replies to Harold Lady regarding the sale of scrap iron.

  • May 20, 1951

    Letter, Sung Yong Lee to Lieutenant General John B. Coulter

    Minister Lee Sung Yong states that the Government is willing to send additional policemen north, but do not have finances to cover their expenses.

  • February 28, 1953

    Report No. 1 of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland In the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for the Period of 1 January 1953 to 28 February 1953

    A wide range of topics are addressed, including the basic guidelines of the 5th Plenum of the KWP CC, education, espionage, culture, transportation, agriculture and the economic situation in ROK.

  • August 06, 1953

    Summary Record of the Conference held between President Rhee and Secretary Dulles (Second Session)

    During the second Dulles-Rhee conference, President Rhee and Secretary Dulles led the discussion with the subject of Korean rehabilitation. Rhee makes a few suggestions that both sides should consider if Korean reconstruction should take place. These suggestions include: 1) rehabilitating Korean productive industry, 2) directly allocating money for Korea’s rehabilitation instead of doing so through the reconstruction of the Japanese economy and, 3) prevent the importation of Japanese technicians to Korea. Dulles answers he will consider Rhee suggestions, however, the US will continue to aid Japan to prevent losing her to communism.

  • August 14, 1953

    Memorandum, President Syngman Rhee to All Diplomatic Officials

    Following the ratification of the Armistice Agreement and the Mutual Defense Treaty, President Rhee conveys that he expects the Armistice to fail because the communists will “undoubtedly” violate it and undermine Korean independence. Rhee wants to renew war to secure victory but most importantly to strengthen the ROK-U.S alliance. Following the memorandum he makes twelve points ranging from topic like Korean rehabilitation to prisoners of war from the Korean War.

  • October 28, 1953

    Memorandum, Michael Leonard Company, dictated by Mr. Van L. Phillips

    The Michael Leonard Company needed confirmation from the Korean Government regarding distribution of 250,000 pounds of sweet corn seed.

  • October 29, 1953

    Letter, John W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    John W. Staggers informs Syngman Rhee about an offer of seed corn from Phillips Associates in Chicago.

  • November 02, 1953

    Letter, An Dong-hyeok to John W. Staggers

    Minister An Dong-hyeok answers John W. Staggers question about cement and fertilizer plants.

  • December 10, 1953

    The Rhee Plan for the Divestment and Rehabilitation of ROK Enterprise and Industry Under Capitalism and Democracy

    Plan proposed by US businessman James H. R. Cromwell to privatize industry in South Korea. In response to President Rhee's concerns, it was later renamed the "Private Enterprise Plan."

  • 1954

    Memorandum, Korean Consulate General to President Eisenhower

    The Korean Consulate General passes along information from a Chinese source that Syngman Rhee is interested in forming a Korean Reconstruction Finance Corporation.

  • 1954

    AKRO Commodities Corporation, 'Proposed Outline of Relationship with Republic of Korea on Scrap Disposal'

    Proposal sent through John W. Staggers to invest in four smelting plants in Korea for processing scrap.

  • February 15, 1954

    The Private Enterprise Plan for the Divestment and Rehabilitation of ROK Enterprise and Industry Under Capitalism and Democracy

    James H. R. Cromwell's proposed plan to privatize industry in South Korea, originally named "The Rhee Plan."

  • March, 1954

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to James Cromwell

    Syngman Rhee critiques James Cromwell's proposal for a Private Enterprise Plan and expresses concern pro-Japanese US politicians are blocking the development of the Korean economy.

  • March, 1954

    Draft, Letter, Syngman Rhee to James Cromwell

    Early draft of a letter from Syngman Rhee to James Cromwell concerning the Private Enterprise Plan.

  • March 23, 1954

    Article, Congressman Paul W. Shafer's Resolution

    Congressman Shafer introduced a resolution criticizing the current "monopolistic government ownership" Korean economic situation.

  • April 19, 1954

    Cable, from John W. Staggers to Representatives and Senators

    John W. Staggers cables a number of US congressmen reporting a "dangerous misstatement" about the Korean economic position in a resolution related to the Private Enterprise Plan.