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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 12, 1947

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin

    Request to send Soviet specialists to North Korea to aid them. The DPRK especially needs help in the form of engineers to help them build their railroad. Shtykov notes that if the Koreans don’t receive aid from the Soviets, they'll turn to the Americans.

  • October 10, 1948

    Soviet Political, Economic, and Cultural Aid to the DPRK People for the DPRK's Democratic Construction

    The Ministry of Culture and Propaganda publishes a pamphlet on the Soviet Union's tremendous assistance to the DPRK and contrasts the Soviet Union with the behavior of the US and Japan.

  • October 12, 1948

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim Il Sung's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government expresses its readiness to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations.

  • March 17, 1949

    Agreement between Soviet Union and North Korea

    Agreement between the government of the Soviet Union and the government of the DPRK to grant the Republic of Korea a loan to pay for the supplied equipment and materials, as well as military equipment.

  • September 15, 1949

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin

    A description of the political and economic situation in South and North Korea, and on the presence of the struggling democratic and reactionary forces and their influence among the people. Attached are three appendices on the combat and strength of the South Korean and the People's Army of North Korea, the amount of weapons in the People's Army, and the amount of ammunition in the People's Army as of August 1, 1949.

  • July 08, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Soviet Ambassador in Pyongyang Terentii Shtykov, 8 July 1950

    Stalin sharply reprimands Ambassador Shtykovfor promising Soviet advisors to the North Koreans without permission.

  • October 10, 1950

    From the Journal of Gromyko, Memorandum on Conversation with Chinese Ambassador Peng Dehuai

    Talks about Ambassador Peng Dehuai's request to send 738 Korean students, of higher education, to Soviet summer schools.

  • October 17, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Razuvaev to Vasilevsky

    Razuvaev reports the DPRK's request of the Soviet Union to produce weapons for three divisions, produce 1000 cars, and to produce TU-2 aircrafts.

  • November 03, 1951

    CPSU Central Committee Politburo Decision with Telegram for Stalin

    Decision to approve the request of the government of the DPRK to manufacture and supply to Korea 89,000 orders (a type of military medal), 300,100 medals, and 100 copies of the charter for the Korean Hammer and Sickle medal, and to approve the draft on the matter mentioned in the first paragraph of this resolution.

  • November 13, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Krasovsky, Along with a Message to only Krasovsky

    Stating that the Soviet government believes that the security of communications in North Korea should be carried out mainly by fighter aircrafts, which is why it is highly recommended to speed up the construction of airfields so that Chinese aircrafts can be there. Stalin also reports that sending three fighter jet divisions on MiG-9 planes would be impossible because the planes are out of production, and there are no more of them in the field.

  • August 05, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Suzdalev

    Discussing North Korea's request for Soviet assistance on different restoration project tasks and the leading industrial enterprises of the country.

  • August 07, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Suzdalev

    The DPRK would request of the USSR to help in the restoration of almost completely destroyed industrial enterprises (list of them given). Suzdalev notes that it would be good to invite Kim Il Sung and his associates to discuss these issues.

  • August 19, 1953

    CPSU Central Committee Decision

    About the Korean delegation's arrival in Moscow.

  • December 31, 1953

    Political Report No. 8 of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea for the Period of 1 December to 31 December 1953

    The Polish Embassy provides information on the KWP Central Committee, the Supreme People's Assembly, agreements to receive assistance from communist countries, and the situation of industries, education, and health in North Korea.

  • April 27, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 27 April 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss the possibility of Soviet military advisers to North Korea. Then they talk about the guest list for a comradely lunch, the TASS statement, and Kim Il Sung's deteriorated health due to the stresses of party consolidation.

  • May 29, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 May 1957

    Kim Il Sung requests technical assistance from the Soviet Unions for currency reforms in DPRK. He and Puzanov then discuss plans for elections in North Korea, DPRK agricultural and fishing conditions, progress in construction, and the exchange of delegations between the two countries. Later, Puzanov meets with the PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang. They discuss the potential American bid to legalize weapons deliveries to South Korea as well as USSR and PRC consultation for the DPRK five-year plan.

  • June 08, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 June 1957

    Kim Il Sung tells Puzanov that the North Korean delegation to Moscow seeks consultation for the first DPRK five-year plan and the development of economic ties between the DPRK and the USSR. He states the expected North Korean production increases in agriculture, industry, consumer goods, capital investment, and export goods. Kim Il Sung also articulates the intended goals of the first five-year plan.

  • August 17, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 17 August 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss upcoming Soviet-Korean talks about border issues, the timeframe of sending Soviet specialists to provide assistance for new DPRK banknotes, and the possibility of sending Nam Il's sons to the USSR for medical treatment.

  • August 20, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 August 1957

    Puzanov visits the construction site of a furniture factory built with USSR aid and comments on its production capacity and shortcomings. He also informs PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang of Soviet feedback on the DPRK's draft five-year plan and the internal political situation of the KWP leadership.

  • August 27, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 27 August 1957

    Nam Il informs Puzanov that the DPRK requests Soviet specialists to help with monetary reform and the abolition of the ration coupon system.