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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 12, 1948

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim Il Sung's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government expresses its readiness to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations.

  • March 17, 1949

    Agreement between Soviet Union and North Korea

    Agreement between the government of the Soviet Union and the government of the DPRK to grant the Republic of Korea a loan to pay for the supplied equipment and materials, as well as military equipment.

  • April 20, 1949

    Telegram, Shtemenko and Vasilevsky to Stalin

    A telegram informing Stalin that there has been about 37 violations from the South Koreans over the 38 parallel, and that the Soviet government should advise the North Koreans to take appropriate measures to be ready to respond to more provocative actions from the North Koreans.

  • September 15, 1949

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin

    A description of the political and economic situation in South and North Korea, and on the presence of the struggling democratic and reactionary forces and their influence among the people. Attached are three appendices on the combat and strength of the South Korean and the People's Army of North Korea, the amount of weapons in the People's Army, and the amount of ammunition in the People's Army as of August 1, 1949.

  • February 09, 1950

    Telegram, from Vyshinsky to Shtykov

    Vyshinsky relays that all of the things that Kim Il Sung requested are allowed.

  • July 08, 1950

    Handwritten Letter from Kim Il Sung to Joseph Stalin

    About the 25-35 Soviet military advisors given to the Korean army.

  • July 09, 1950

    Handwritten Letter from Kim Il Sung to Terenti Shtykov

    Letter requesting 2000 units of barrage, 10 torpedo boats, and 3 torpedoes for the coastal defense of North Korea.

  • September 28, 1950

    Telegram, from Gromyko to Stalin, Transmitting Letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin

    Kim Il Sung expresses his gratitude. In his telegram Gromyko informs Stalin of other letters from Kim Il Sung concerning the training of 120 Korean pilots in the Soviet Union, the supply of cars to the DPRK, the four advisors to North Korea's Ministry of Internal Affairs, and the wages of the air force cadets of the People's Army who are training in the Soviet Union.

  • September 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, from Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-Yeong to Stalin (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong telling Stalin of the losses they have incurred following American air and ground attacks in South Korea and of their general lack of supplies and trained personnel.

  • October 02, 1950

    Cable, from Chan-Fu to Matveev

    Cable stating that orders to retreat by any means possible (in groups, or individually) must be given out immediately to the remaining soldiers and commanders in the South.

  • October 13, 1950

    Telegram, from Gromyko to Stalin

    Account of the reception of the Chinese Ambassador Peng Dehuai. He requested that all Korean undergrad and graduate students be admitted to the Soviet summer schools, as well as Korean specialists who receive production and technical training in industrial settings the USSR (a total of 738 people). Gromyko notes that there are differences between the requests of Dehuai and Kim Il Sung, and that Dehuai has been asked to speak to Kim Il Sung, and clear up the differences.

  • November 13, 1950

    Record of a Conversation with the DPRK Ambassador Peng Dehuai

    Clearing up the differences in the requests made by Peng Dehuai and Kim Il Sung: they're requesting that a portion of the Korean students be trained to be pilots, and another 50 students be trained to be radio operators. They're also requesting that a portion of Soviet citizens of Korean ethnicity, living on USSR territory, be trained as pilots, tank drivers and radio operators.

  • November 21, 1950

    On the Operational Status of the People's Army of Korea on 14 November 1950

    Report on amount of armies, infantry divisions, infantry brigades, tank divisions, marine brigades, infantry regiments, tank regiments, and army officers in Manchuria and North Korea, and the amount left behind enemy lines.

  • November 28, 1950

    Soviet Resolution on Sending Korean Students to Manchuria

    The Council of Ministers decided to direct Minister of War Vasilevsky to send 200 Korean students to Manchuria by 5 December 1950, to direct the Minister of State Security to issue those students exit visas using the most simplified procedure, and to direct the Minister of Foreign Trade to calculate the cost of sending the Korean students to Manchuria.

  • January 05, 1951

    Telegram Relaying Kim Il Sung's Letters to the Soviet Ambassador to Poskrebyshev

    These letters are about the state of pilots, the preparation of the summer aviation training, sending Korean reserves to China, naval schools, the delivery of special communication, a broadcasting station, and Soviet instructors.

  • January 30, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Zakharov

    Passing on a copy of Stalin's telegram to Razuvaev from the same day concerning the organization and hierarchies of the Korean army.

  • January 31, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Razuvaev to Fyn-Si [Stalin]

    Response to Stalin's telegram instructing Razuvaev to discuss details for reorganizing the KPA administrative and command structure with Kim Il Sung stating what's possible and what's not.

  • February 10, 1951

    Telegram from Yumashev to Stalin

    Intelligence reports from the Fifth Navy Radio Network from 7 and 9 February reporting that there have been increased amounts of radio transmissions between naval commanders of the US forces in the Far East, and that evidence suggests that the US command is preparing a landing operation on the west coast of Korea.

  • March 03, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Zakharov

    Agreement to relocate two fighter divisions - division 151 and 324 - under the command of General Belov to cover the rear of the Sino-Korean forces, if they are able to leave two Chinese air divisions in Andun to protect the power and communications in the area.

  • May 30, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Razuvaev to Filippov [Stalin], Transmitting a Message from Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung thanks Stalin for his continued aid, and also states that he was quite satisfied with the size and timing of the deliveries.