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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 14, 1980

    CPSU CC Resolution, 14 March 1980

    This resolution and the attached documents give the plans for future Soviet cooperation with the Sandinista National Liberation Front in Nicaragua.

  • April 18, 1980

    CPSU CC Memo of 18 April 1980 and attached Protocol of 17 March 1980

    These documents deal with the planned relations between the USSR and the Sandinista National Liberation Front.

  • May, 1980

    CPSU CC Decree, May 1980

    The decree discusses Soviet cooperation with the Sandinistas in the areas of radio communications and combating illiteracy.

  • May 29, 1980

    Protocol #213/39, 29 May 1980

    This protocol gives the specifics of Soviet cooperation with the Sandinistas, especially in terms of propaganda (films, photography, Marxist-Leninist literature, etc.).

  • November 09, 1982

    Information from the Bulgarian Communist Party Regarding the visit of the Secretary General of the Communist Party of Honduras – Rigoberto Padilla

    Summary of recent developments in the formation of a unified leftist movement in Honduras lead by the country’s communist party, in an attempt to counter the “imperial” influence of the USA. The text suggests that various pro-communist movements within Central Latin America have formed, and have started to cooperate with the intent to create a network. The Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) and the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) have played most prominent role in this endeavor. The Honduras Communist party has worked internally in the direction of creating a strong consolidated left wing movement. The document mentions future plans for mutual cooperation between the Bulgarian Communist Party and the Honduras Communist Party.

  • November 12, 1982

    Letter from Daniel Ortega Saavedra of the Sandinista National Liberation Front to Todor Zhivkov

  • July 11, 1983

    Information from the Bulgarian Communist Party Regarding the Visit of the Delegation of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) to Bulgaria

    Information summarizing the objectives of a visit of the FSLN delegation, headed by Baiardo Arse [name is spelled phonetically], to Bulgaria. The visit, which took place from 28 June to July 3 1983, aimed at exchanging information and ideas on ways to reform FSLN, in order to transform the Front into an avant-garde Marxist-Leninist party. The document describes the political and economic pressure exerted by the Reagan administration on a number of Central and Latin American countries, in order to decrease the support for the Front and other leftist revolutionary movements. According to the information FSLN responded to these measures by consolidating and strengthening its army, and national militia; maintaining transparency and political pluralism; strengthening the cooperative and state economic sector, and redirecting trade to new markets, mainly in the socialist community.

  • May 02, 1985

    Minutes of Conversation: Todor Zhivkov – Daniel Ortega Saavedra on the Situation in Central America and Bulgarian Aid to Nicaragua

  • January 12, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 12 January 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 12 January 1990 describes the latest developments in the Soviet Union, European Community, Lebanon, Poland, Nicaragua, and Cambodia.

  • February 17, 1990

    Excerpt from Protocol No. 179 of the Meeting of the Politburo CC CPSU, 'On the Upcoming Elections in Nicaragua'

    The CC CPSU approves of the analysis made by E. A. Shevardnadze and A.N. Yakovlev on the upcoming elections in Nicaragua and the position of the Sandinista National Liberation Front.

  • June 20, 1990

    From the Diary of Yu.V. Petrov: Report on a Conversation with Fidel Castro

    Castro discusses ways to strengthen relations between Cuba and the Soviet Union, as well as the possible normalization of relations between Cuba and the United States. They also discuss the situation in El Salvador and Nicaragua.