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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • December 06, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 6 December 1955

    Nam Il tells Ivanov that Kim Il Sung is actively working to settle the issue of citizenship among Soviet Koreans in the party. Kim acknowledges that granting them citizenship could help ease relations between them and local Koreans. Nam insists that Kim does not believe that the Soviet Koreans are ill-intentioned.

  • December 24, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 24 December 1955

    Ambassador Ivanov speaks with Nam Il about Soviet Koreans’ citizenship and agricultural cooperatives.

  • January 02, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor Lazarev and Ri Dong-yong

    Lazarev informs DPRK Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Ri Dong-yong that design specialists from Pyongyang have been given permission to study in the USSR for three months. Ri explains that the majority of the Central Committee is not favorable towards granting Soviet Koreans citizenship.

  • January 13, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 13 January 1956

    Ivanov delivers to Kim Il Sung a status report on the Soviet Embassy’s work to grant Korean citizenship to Soviet Koreans. Kim hopes that allowing Soviet Koreans to travel to and from the USSR can be used as a means to strengthen the two countries’ ties.

  • February 02, 1956

    Memorandum to the CPSU CC on Soviet Koreans

    Reports on the Soviet Embassy’s work regarding Soviet Koreans in the DPRK after a USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium decision to allow them to either convert to Korean citizenship or accept dual citizenship and discusses the topic of whether they should be allowed to return to the USSR.

  • September 04, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 4 September 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss preparations for a citizenship convention in Pyongyang as well as a KWP delegation's trip to Moscow in celebration of Great October. Then Nam Il solicits Puzanov's feedback on the composition of the DPRK government as described in 3 September. The anti-Party group of Choe Chang-ik, Pak Chang-ok, and others still appears to concern the KWP CC leadership.

  • November 01, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 November 1957

    Puzanov informs Kim Il Sung that the USSR MFA agrees to hold talks about concluding various conventions and informs of an art exhibit in Moscow.

  • December 09, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 9 December 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss various issues between the USSR and DRK, including the process of building the Hungnam chemical fertilizer plant with Soviet aid.

  • February 05, 1958

    Record of a Conversation with Cde. Ri Dong-yong, First Deputy DPRK Minister of Foreign Affairs

    Ri Dong-yong expresses his concern regarding the incident in which eight students renounced their DPRK citizenship.

  • October, 1959

    Cable, Chinese Embassy in North Korea to the Foreign Ministry Consular Affairs Department

    Chinese and North Korean officials attempt to resolve the messy citizenship question of KPA veterans with ties to China.

  • October 28, 1959

    Cable from the Chinese Interior Ministry, 'Reply to the Letter from the Korean Side Proposing that Former Captives Who are Chinese Citizen Korean Nationality People’s Army Soldiers be given Veteran’s Benefits'

    The Chinese Interior Ministry devises a policy to accord veterans benefits to Chinese Koreans who served in the North Korean army and have since returned to China.

  • April 04, 1960

    Cable from the Chinese Interior Ministry Benefits Bureau, 'Reply to the Letter concerning how to Handle Benefits for Chinese Citizen Demobilized Former Korean People’s Army Soldiers Holding Valid Korean Demobilization Documents who Came to China'

    The Interior Ministry weighs on the proposed benefits for Chinese Koreans who formerly served in the North Korean army during the Korean War.

  • May 11, 1960

    Cable from the 3rd Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security, 'On the Issue of Citizenship for Demobilized Korean People's Army Soldiers with Chinese Citizenship and the Chinese Korean Construction Personnel'

    China's Ministry of Public Security weighs what to do with Chinese Koreans who joined the Korean People's Army and now wish to restore their PRC citizenship.

  • January 20, 1961

    Memo of Conversation of Deputy Office Director Huang Yugui Deputy with [North] Korean Consul General in Changchun Jeong Bong-gyu, January 20, 1961

    Hong Yugui of the Jilin Foreign Affairs Office and DPRK Consul General Jeong Bong-gyu discuss the procedures for restoring the Chinese citizenship of ethnic Koreans who fought in the Korean War.

  • February 22, 1961

    Cable, Foreign Affairs Office of the Jilin Provincial People's Committee to the Foreign Ministry Consular Affairs Department

    A cover memo for a conversation between Huang Yugui and the North Korean Consul General in Changchun, Jeong Bong-gyu.