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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 15, 1951

    Report to USSR Minister of Communications on Western Broadcasts to Poland

    The following document describes how arrangements were made to jam Western broadcasts to Poland from Soviet and Polish territory in 1951.

  • February 18, 1953

    TASS to CPSU on 'Anti-Soviet propaganda of the Voice of America' on Death of Lev Mekhlis

    This TASS information bulletin was sent to the Central Committee and the USSR Council of Ministers. Note the distribution to Stalin and Malenkov only.

  • June 26, 1953

    TASS on Voice of America Broadcast Citing Radio Liberation Appeal to Soviet Military in Germany

    This document is the transcript of a VOA broadcast citing part of the Radio Liberation program mentioned in the 25 May TASS bulletin.

  • February 26, 1954

    CIA Review of Radio Liberty Broadcasting

    A CIA memorandum reviews Radio Liberty policy guidance to date and outlines how it differs from the Voice of America.

  • January 17, 1957

    Letter to Khrushchev from Radio Moscow Service Urging Creation of Warsaw Pact Radio Station

    The following letter to Khrushchev in 1957 by members of the German Service of Radio Moscow proposed establishing a Soviet international broadcaster structured along the lines of Radio Free Europe, with formal independence from the government. Indirectly it acknowledges the effectiveness of RFE broadcasts.

  • May 01, 1957

    Ambassador Bohlen’s Views of Radio Liberation

    Cord Meyer forwards to Richard Helms his account of Ambassador Charles E. Bohlen’s views of RL provided to a Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy (CRBP) meeting on April 24. Minutes of the meeting are provided in a State Department memorandum dated April 25

  • August 09, 1957

    Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy Discussion

    An International Organizations Division (IOD) officer recounts differences among the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy (CRBP) members about Radio Free Europe (RFE) country policy papers and discerns considerable overlap between RFE and the Voice of America (VOA).

  • August 15, 1957

    Voice of America Broadcasting Policy for Czechoslovakia

    Voice of America (VOA) country policy guidelines for Czechoslovakia, endorsed by the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy (CRBP), one of a series of East European country guidelines for VOA complementing country guidelines for Radio Free Europe (RFE).

  • August 21, 1957

    Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy Minutes

    Minutes of CRBP meeting on August 20, 1957

  • May 01, 1958

    Voice of America Russian Broadcasting Guidelines

    USIA guidelines for VOA Russian broadcasting policy, endorsed by the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy.

  • June 02, 1958

    Voice of America and Radio Free Europe Polish Broadcasts Reviewed

    Minutes of a Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy meeting on April 17, 1958, focused on State Department criticisms of RFE broadcasts to Poland

  • September 15, 1958

    Report to Central Committee on Press Conference about 'Provocative and Subversive Activities of American Radio Stations'

    Description of a 1958 press conference in Moscow organized by the State Committee on Cultural Relations, with KGB assistance, to discredit Western broadcasts to the USSR and Eastern Europe. The press conference drew on the presence of alleged former employees of the radio stations.

  • January 05, 1959

    Moscow Dispatch No. 375, Some Considerations Regarding US Policy Toward the USSR

    Foreign Service Officer David Mark, reporting in Moscow Dispatch No. 375, suggests changes in US policy to embrace reduction of “pressure-generating activities” on Eastern Europe, including Radio Free Europe (RFE). Ambassador Llwellyn E. Thompson dissents but suggests that RFE broadcasts might be halted in exchange for an end to Soviet jamming [of Voice of America and other Western broadcasts].

  • May 19, 1959

    KGB Report, 'On the State of Jamming anti-Soviet Radio Programs of Foreign Radio Stations'

    The following KGB document reports on problems jamming Western radio stations in a range of Soviet cities. It indicates times and frequencies on which Western radio broadcasts were clearly audible and Soviet jamming was ineffective.

  • July 15, 1960

    CC CPSU Report, 'Measures to Vigorously Counteract Hostile Radio Propaganda Directed at the Soviet Population'

    Report from the head of the Department of Agitation and Propaganda of the Central Committee of the CPSU detailing the shortcomings of Soviet broadcast media in countering Western broadcasts. The document is noteworthy for its criticism of the poor distribution of Soviet newscasts in the Eastern part of the USSR, and acknowledgment of how Western broadcasts have filled this void. An interesting point is made on the habit of adapting Soviet-made receivers to capture Western shortwave broadcasts.

  • July 19, 1960

    CPSU CC Decree of the Secretariat Protocol Nº 158 § 6 Measures to Vigorously Counteract Hostile Radio Propaganda

    A Central Committee decree on measures to counter "hostile radio propaganda" by increasing broadcasts of Soviet radio programs.

  • October 01, 1960

    Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia Measures to Implement the CC CPSU Decree, 'Measures to Vigorously Counteract Hostile Radio Propaganda Directed at the Soviet Population'

    Report from the Central Committees of Latvia on actions taken to improve broadcasting of Soviet programs in order to counter Western broadcasts.

  • October 31, 1960

    Central Committee of the Communist Party of Estonia Measures to Implement the CC CPSU Decree, 'Measures to Vigorously Counteract Hostile Radio Propaganda Directed at the Soviet Population'

    Report from the Central Committees of Estonia on actions taken to improve broadcasting of Soviet programs in order to counter Western broadcasts.

  • December, 1960

    Sprague Committee Critical of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty

    The President’s Committee on Information Activities Abroad, chaired by Mansfield Sprague, concludes that RFE and RL are slow to adapt to changes in the Soviet orbit and resulting shifts in U.S. policy. [Also available in the Richard Helms Collection released by CIA in 2008.]

  • January 05, 1961

    Implementation of the CC CPSU Decree 'Measures to Vigorously Counteract Hostile Radio Propaganda'

    Report on the implementation of the CC CPSU decree to broadcast radio programs to counter VOA and BBC broadcasts.