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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 17, 1965

    Letter from Dutch Envoy in Bucharest to Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'Invitation for reception in honor of North Korean National Day'

    The Envoy has received a North Korean invitation which he did not respond to; only the Greek Ambassador received this invitation as well.

  • September 17, 1965

    Letter from Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Special Envoy in Bucharest, 'Relationship Netherlands-North Korea'

    The chief of the Bureau for East Asia and Pacific responds to the Envoy's concerns regarding North Korea by noting that other diplomats have also been courted by North Korean representatives.

  • May 17, 1967

    Telegram from Dutch Embassy in Warsaw to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regarding North Korean Ambassador's Request to Meet

    Dutch representative Calkoen informs the Ministry of a request by the North Korean Ambassador to meet with him and other Embassy officials and proposes to ignore it.

  • May 19, 1967

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Contacts with North Korean Ambassador in Warsaw'

    A brief note stating that Calkoen's conduct (not taking up the North Korean Ambassador's offer) is in line with Dutch policy concerning states it does not recognize.

  • May 24, 1967

    Telegram from Dutch Embassy in Warsaw to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regarding North Korean Ambassador's Request to Meet

    Brief telegram from Calkoen requesting instructions on how to respond to the North Korean Ambassador's request to meet, after North Korean 3rd Embassy Secretary inquired by telephone.

  • May 26, 1967

    Telegram from Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Embassy in Warsaw, 'Request for meeting by North Korean Ambassador'

    Minister of Foreign Affairs Luns replies that Calkoen should respond to the request with the refusal as phrased in Calkoen's 19 May telegram.

  • November 06, 1967

    Internal Memorandum of Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Note'

    A brief note suggests that the 12-page note sent to the Ministry by the North Korean Embassy in Prague should be returned as if never read. The 31 October 1967 North Korean note, introduced by a brief letter in English and provided both in French and in Korean, deals with U.S. imperialism and the risk of war it entails.

  • May 24, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Representative in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regarding a Conversation with a Representative of the North Korean Trade Council

    Dutch official J.J. Derksen reports on a conversation initiated by North Korean Trade Council representative Choi Jung Keun, who proposed to establish some kind of office in the Netherlands or even have a delegation visit, to which Derksen gave a non-committal reply.

  • June 05, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Embassy in Prague to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Contact with North Korea'

    The Dutch Ambassador in Prague reports on North Korean attempts to establish "official" contact with the Netherlands, as well as their interest in contacting Dutch companies.

  • June 14, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Embassy in Prague, 'Contact with North Korea'

    J.A. Erich informs the Embassy in Prague that elsewhere there have also been attempts by North Korea to establish official contact with the Netherlands.

  • August 09, 1968

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Recognition of North Korea'

    Handwritten memorandum regarding a draft message to the Dutch Permanent Representation to NATO in Brussels, suggesting that the North Korean attempts at establishing contact should be mentioned for completeness.

  • December 03, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Embassy in Moscow to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Overtures'

    The Dutch Ambassador reports on North Korean overtures such as sending propaganda and an invitation to a cocktail-laced viewing of a movie about the USS Pueblo (which was ignored). Having inquired with other NATO countries' representatives it turned out that only the Luxemburg representative received the same literature while only the Norwegian representative was invited to the cocktail party.

  • December 20, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Embassy in Moscow, 'North Korean Overtures'

    The Ministry informs the Ambassador in Moscow that elsewhere North Korean representatives have made similar overtures, none of which have been responded to in a positive manner.

  • January 10, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korea'

    Reports on a request from Dutch shipbuilding company Verolme N.V. to reconsider the Dutch standpoint regarding the establishment of a (semi-)permanent North Korean representation in the Netherlands to further commercial contacts. Verolme was told there is no reason to reconsider, also given that it was currently able to procure large orders already - two ships were to be delivered to North Korea in September. The American Embassy was confidentially informed of this.

  • June 27, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Relations with North Korea'

    The Jhr. Vegelin van Claerbergen proposes to the chief of the department to loosen the reins in relations with North Korea, both for reasons of commerce and of politics, namely engaging North Korea to allow it to become less dependent on China.

  • July 04, 1969

    Cable from Dutch Embassy in Seoul to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regarding Conversation with South Korean Representative about North Korea

    Verkade reports that the South Korean deputy vice-minister of foreign affairs Whang summoned him to inform him that the three recent North Korean visitors to the Netherlands had supplied false information on their visa papers yet were admitted. Whang expressed his concern, given their apparent intent to establish official contact with the Netherlands; Verkade reassured him there was no change in Dutch policy.

  • September 12, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Representatives of Three Dutch companies, Regarding the Establishment of a North Korean Trade Office in the Netherlands

    Representatives from the companies CKH, VMF and Grenko visited the Ministry to plead for the establishment of a North Korean trade office. The Ministry remained of the opinion, also informed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, that economic and political relations with South Korea would be unacceptably damaged by such rapprochement with North Korea.

  • March 14, 1972

    Report from Bartha János, 'Visit of the DPRK's ambassador'

    A report by Bartha Janos on the visit of North Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun, discussing North Korea’s relations with Netherlands and Sweden.

  • June 24, 1972

    Report from Kádas István, 'The visit of Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun'

    A report by Kadas Istvan on a conversation with North Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun about the US violation of the armistice treaty and inter-Korean relations.

  • July 21, 1972

    Report from Kádas István, 'Information from Ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun [Pak Kyong-sun]'

    A report by Kadas Istvan on the conversation on submitting the Korean reunification issue to UN General Assembly and a visit made by a North Korean delegation to the Netherlands.