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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 06, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 6 December 1955

    Nam Il tells Ivanov that Kim Il Sung is actively working to settle the issue of citizenship among Soviet Koreans in the party. Kim acknowledges that granting them citizenship could help ease relations between them and local Koreans. Nam insists that Kim does not believe that the Soviet Koreans are ill-intentioned.

  • December 29, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 29 December 1955

    Nam Il reports to Ivanov the proceedings of the most recent KWP CC Presidium. Several Soviet Korean party members, active in the literature and propaganda fields, presented their self-criticisms at the meeting.

  • January 24, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan, 24 January 1956

    Pak reports on the recent KWP CC Presidium decision, “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature and Art,” which was directed at the alleged hostile factional activity of Soviet Koreans. Pak says that the persecution of Soviet Koreans is ungrounded, as they do not pose a threat to the Party, and that in fact, favoring members of the local “faction” over members of other backgrounds may undermine the Party’s integrity.

  • January 25, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 25 January 1956

    Pak Yeong-bin reports to Ivanov about a recent meeting of Party members in Pyongyang. At this meeting Han Seol-ya and others took turns criticizing Soviet Koreans Pak Chang-ok, Pak Yeong-bin, Gi Seok-bok, Jeong Ryul, and Jeon Dong-hyuk for supporting reactionary literature and creating discord within the Party.

  • February 21, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan

    Pak tells Filatov that he does not fully agree with the KWP CC Presidium decision regarding Pak Chang-ok because the Presidium's failure to cite specific evidence. Pak Ui-wan says that he spoke well of Pak Chang-ok in a recent meeting with Kim Il Sung.

  • February 25, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and Pak Yeong-bin

    Pak says that while he himself has admitted to his mistakes and engaged in self-criticism, Pak Chang-ok continues to deny that he had engaged in factionalist, anti-Party activity. Pak Yeong-bin also describes several factors that may have played a role in the “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature” decision made by Kim Il Sung and the Presidium.

  • February 29, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan tells Filatov about a conversation he had with Kim Il Sung regarding Pak Chang-ok, Pak Yeong-bin, and other Soviet Korean party members.

  • September 23, 1956

    Resolution of the Plenum of the Korean Workers' Party

    The Korean Workers' Party Central Committee decides to rehabilitate those accused of planning a conspiracy against Kim Il Sung.

  • October 11, 1956

    Telegram from USSR Ambassador to the DPRK V.I. Ivanov to A.I. Mikoyan, 'Decision of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum'

    Ivanov lists the accusations raised against those involved in the August Plenum incident, and describes the decision which calls for their expulsion from the Korean Workers' Party.

  • October 01, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 October 1957

    Kim Il Sung reports that a Norh Korean delegation is "going to Moscow with great eagerness" and reveals that a KWP Central Committee Plenum will be convened in October 1957.

  • October 19, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 19 October 1957

    Nam Il discusses the results of the KWP CC Plenum, where issues concerning members charged with anti-Party and factional activities and the three organized sections were discussed.

  • November 12, 1999

    Pak Chang-ok Biography

    Soviet-Korean Pak Chang-ok encountered Kim Il Sung in an intense standoff in August 1956.