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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 23, 1976

    United States Information Service, 'United States Statement on UN Vote on South Africa'

    US statement to the UN General Assembly delivered by delegate Father Hupp. The statement explains the why the US voted no on a series of resolutions regarding South Africa. These included resolutions on an arms embargo, sporting boycott and other resolutions concerning Apartheid. It also voted no on a resolution condemning Israel for arms sales to South Africa.

  • February 11, 1977

    Letter, South African Ambassador to the United States, 'The House of Representatives Subcommittee on Africa'

    The South African Ambassador to the United States writes about the reorganization of Congressional committees in Washington. The Ambassador is concerned with the new Subcommittee on Africa that is to travel to South Africa soon. It contains a number of vocal opponents to the Pretoria regime and three black members, most prominently Charles Diggs.

  • August 19, 1977

    Letter, US Secretary of State Vance to South African Foreign Minister Botha

    US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance explains the evidence which lead the US to suspect that South Africa was developing nuclear weapons and developing a testing site in the Kalahari Desert.

  • August 22, 1977

    World Conference for Action Against Apartheid, Lagos, 22-26 August 1977, Supplement to Brief No. A7 (Nuclear Questions): Soviet Allegations About South African Nuclear Weapons Development

    Memorandum on UK position at Lagos Conference on Apartheid about Soviet allegations of South African nuclear weapons development.

  • October, 1977

    Letter from South African Prime Minister Vorster to US President Carter on US-South Africa Relations

    South African Prime Minister Vorster denies the existence of a South African nuclear program and lists hostile steps taken by the United States to exclude South Africa from international nuclear and atomic energy groups. He concludes that "it would seem... the United States officially holds the view that stability in Southern Africa and the future of our country is to be sacrificed in the hope of stopping Soviet expansionism."

  • November 17, 1977

    Telegram from South African Ambassador to Israel, 'Israeli Reaction to the UN Arms Embargo Against South Africa'

    The South African Ambassador to Israel reports on the official response in Israel to the possibility of a UN arms embargo of South afriaca.

  • December 12, 1977

    Cable, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, Regarding US Arms Embargo on South Africa

    Cable states that the US is broadening its embargo on South African arms deals to make it more extensive than the UN embargo.

  • January 06, 1978

    Letter, M. E. Haworth, Jr., Hayes Corporation, Regarding C130 Equipment

    Mr. Haworth, on behalf of the Hayes Corporation, writes to Ambassador Donald Sole explaining why Hayes is withholding its delivery of C130 equipment to the Republic of South Africa.

  • January 26, 1978

    Letter, South African Ambassador to the United States, to the Hayes Corporation

    Jeremy Shearer writes to the Vice President of the Hayes Corporation in regards to a shipment of kits for C130 South African military aircraft that was withheld from the South African Government. Mr. Shearer believes this to be a breach of contract.

  • September, 1978

    Report, Centre Against Apartheid, 'US Arms Transfers to South Africa in Violation of the United Nations Voluntary Arms Embargo: 1963-1977'

    Centre Against Apartheid report on US violations on the South African Arms Embargo.

  • September 28, 1978

    South African Department of Foreign Affairs, United States Arms Transfers to South Africa in Violation of the United Nations Voluntary Arms Embargo

    Letter from the South African Acting Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York to the Secretary of Foreign Affairs in Pretoria regarding arms transfers to South Africaduring the UN arms embargo.

  • March 30, 1983

    CIA Report, 'New Information on South Africa’s Nuclear Program and South African-Israeli Nuclear and Military Cooperation' (redacted)

    CIA report summaries new information on Israel-South African nuclear cooperation. According to the report, South Africa formerly launched its weapons program in 1973, and paused it in 1979 following the international discovery of the Kalahari nuclear test site. Military cooperation between South Africa and Israel is believed to be extensive, with continual contact between personnel and the large-scale sale of arms. Aside from the South African sale of depleted uranium to Israel in the mid-1970s, the CIA had no hard evidence of nuclear cooperation between the two.

  • September 27, 1985

    Resolution of the International Atomic Energy Agency General Conference on South Africa’s Nuclear Capabilities

    Alarmed that South Africa may be capable of developing nuclear weapons, the IAEA calls upon South Africa to submit its nuclear facitilies to agency safeguards, and calls upon all IAEA member states to hault nuclear cooperation with South Africa.

  • October 31, 1985

    Letter from UK Prime Minister Thatcher to South African President P.W. Botha

    Letter from Margaret Thatcher to South African State President P. W. Botha describing how Thatcher had to defend South Africa at the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting from economic sanctions. She emphasizes the need for South Africa to show improvement and let foreign officials into the country within the next six months to avoid economic sanctions eventually being imposed.

  • November 12, 1985

    Letter from South African President P.W. Botha to UK Prime Minister Thatcher

    Letter from South African State President to Margaret Thatcher, thanking her for her support at the meeting of Commonwealth heads, but stating South Africa's objection to the intervention by foreign delegations. He argues that this would give South Africa an ultimatum and disrupt the ongoing internal negotiations.

  • November 17, 1985

    Letter from UK Prime Minister Thatcher to South African President P.W. Botha

    Letter from Margaret Thatcher to South African State President P.W. Botha, expressing her disappointment and anxiety over South Africa's refusal to cooperate with the Commonwealth group. Encourages South Africa not to publicize their refusal, and notes quite plainly that British assistance will be lost if South Africa continues down this path.

  • December 14, 1985

    Letter from UK Prime Minister Thatcher to South African President P.W. Botha

    Letter from Margaret Thatcher to State President P.W. Botha, noting that the Commonwealth Eminent Persons Group (designated by the Commonwealth meeting earlier that year to observe and instruct the South African government) seems agreeable and would like to travel to South Africa in January. She urges Botha to be cooperative.

  • January 09, 1986

    Letter from UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher to South African President P.W. Botha

    Letter from Margaret Thatcher to South African State President P.W. Botha expressing her appreciation for how cooperative he has been with the Commonwealth Eminent Persons Group, and urging him to continue. Notes that a successful speech and a positive meeting with the Group will significantly alter international opinion toward South Africa and greatly reduce the likelihood of eventual economic sanctions.

  • June 27, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Wednesday, 27 June 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 27 June 1990 describes the latest developments in the Soviet Union, Poland, Bulgaria, the European Community, Zambia, Iran and China.

  • July 11, 1991

    National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 11 July 1991

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 11 July 1991 describes the latest developments in Yugoslavia, South Africa, the Soviet Union, Cambodia and Lebanon.