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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 30, 1961

    Memorandum by Chief of Defense Staff Aldo Rossi to Minister of Defense Andreotti, 'NATO new strategic approach'

    Rossi describes the recent trend of the US Administration to want to turn away from the doctrine of Massive Retaliation, towards the acquisition of a new strategic concept that includes an increase in the "nuclear threshold." In order for Italy to continue to lead the defense of central and southeastern Europe against the Soviet Union as well as address its internal social and political crises, the United States must provide Italy with financial assistance.

  • January 01, 1963

    Note by Piero Vinci to Andreotti on MLF

    Note by Minister's cabinet head Piero Vinci on political and technical issues related to MLF in preparation for discussions with President Kennedy. Also discussed are changes to NATO Standing Group and nomination of gen. De Martino as vice chairman of the Military Committee

  • February 15, 1963

    Bulgarian Legation, Washington (Shterev), Cable to Foreign Ministry

    Bulgarian Charge d’Affaires in the US Kiril Shterev reports to the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs that US Deputy Secretary of Defense Roswell Gilpatric stated that three submarines carrying Polaris missiles will be deployed to the Mediterranean Sea. The deployment follows US withdrawal from Italian and Turkish bases after the Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • March 14, 1963

    Report from Alessandrini to MAE and MD on Issue of Surface Ships MLF

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini on discussions with US technological experts within the delegation of the head of the MLF negotiating team L. Merchant.

  • March 29, 1963

    Report from Alessandrini to Piccioni on NATO MLF

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini to Deputy Prime Minister concerning informal meeting with US NATO ambassdor Finletter on MLF preliminary plans.

  • June 13, 1963

    Analysis by SMD on Proposal to assign to NATO Italian Polaris-armed Ships

    Considerations by Gen. Aldo Rossi on prospective assignment to NATO of Italian ships armed with Polaris. Includes a discussion of issue of surface ships and responses by US Navy to Italian questions. Two annexes: 1 Inter-allied Nuclear Force, pros for Italy; 2 Italy's position on Multilateral Nuclear Force.

  • June 22, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on MLF

    Note by italian ambassador to the US Fenoaltea on meeting with the head of the MLF negotiating team L.T. Merchant.

  • July 15, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on MLF

    Note by ambassador to the UK Pietro Quaroni on meeting with Foreign Minister Douglas-Home after President Kennedy's discussions in Rome on MLF.

  • October 25, 1963

    MAE report to MD/SMD on MRBM Missiles deployment in Europe

    The report discusses rumors about SECEUR Lemnitzer's intention to deploy MRBM missiles in Europe as well as US government position on the same issue.

  • December 11, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on McNamara's Speech

    Note by ambassador to Washington Fenoaltea on speech held by Secretary of Defense McNamara in New York (November 18) on US strategic doctrine, NATO's defense, and role of NATO european members. Annex with copy of the speech missing.

  • December 16, 1963

    Minute of Meeting between GA and McNamara

    Discussion between Andreotti and McNamara concerning the political aspects of the MLF

  • January 02, 1964

    MAE Cable on the work of MLF Military Sub-Committee

    Note by ambassador to Washington Fenoaltea the work of the Military Sub-committe (logistics, personnel, ship-building, operations). The paper contain also observations on the MLF project's feasibility.

  • May 31, 1965

    Draft Telegram to Italian Embassies and Permanent Representative to NATO

    The telegram announces that the Italian government welcomes MacNamara's proposal of establishing a restricted Atlantic Nuclear Committee. This proposal is in the context of a necessary widening of the Atlantic nuclear responsibilities that now are concentrated in Washington.

  • June 02, 1965

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Nuclear Committee'

    The note describes the proposal made by MacNamara as the most recent element of the US political-strategic thinking. The document explains MacNamara's proposal from its origins to the current situation. The document analyzes the position of various countries, with a focus on the Italian one and some points which still need to be sorted out. Italy seems interested in participating in the proposed Committee.

  • August 03, 1965

    Memo on Work of the Committee of the 18 on Nuclear Proliferation

    Memo by CSMD A. Rossi on the resumption of the work of the Committee of the 18 in Geneva and the issue of non-dissemination nuclear weapons: summary of technical-military observations from SMD to MD of March 1964 on US proposal for declaration on non-dissemination, analysis on nuclear power guidelines and Non-nuclear countries; draft British and Canadian agreements presented to the Atlantic Council and reactions to alliance countries, statement Foreign Minister A. Fanfani to Geneva; US project of nuclear non-dissemination treaty, MAE instructions to amb. Cavalletti

  • November 23, 1965

    Appunto CSMD US Nuclear Weapons Storing in Italy

    Summary by CSMD Aldo Rossi on US-Italy agreements for the storage of nuclear weapons assigned to NATO italian units.

  • December 29, 1965

    Memorandum by General Staff of Defense (SMD) to the Minister, 'Special Committee. Working group for the planning'

    The note outlines the Italian policy with regards to the activities of the Working group on planning, of which Italy is a part together with the US, the UK, Germany and Turkey.

  • February 20, 1966

    Report by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Nuclear Planning Working Group of the "Special Committee" (Washington, 17th-18th February, 1966), with a letter from Andrea Cagiati'

    Cagiati sends Andreotti a report about the meeting in Washington, which concluded Giulio Andreotti's period as Minister of Defense. Cagiati thanks Andreotti for his work, that made sure that "in this period the relationship between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Defense has been strong and efficient like never before". The report describes the meeting (the first meeting of this working group) and the viewpoints of the participants, with special attention payed to the US nuclear policy. The document describes also the fields which require further investigations by the Working Group. There are Cagiati's personal reflections too.

  • February 28, 1966

    Memo on US NPT Proposal

    Memo by A. Albonetti to GA on US NPT project. The paper focuses on the potentially adverse impact for Italy of signing the treaty. It also raises the issue of a "European clause"; suggestions for possible Italian counter-proposals to the project and consideration of the nuclear moratorium proposed by Italy.

  • October 28, 1968

    MAE Cable on IAEA Conference: Political Considerations

    Report and political analysis by amb. Ducci on the IAEA Conference. The paper discusses the draft resolution presented by Italy, US reaction , USSR attitude, as well as the position of other delegations.