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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 04, 1955

    Record of a Conversation with Editor of the Journal “Novaya Koreya” Song Jin-hwa

    Song Jin-hwa and Byakov discuss the North Korean government's recent prohibition on private trade in cereal products and the situation in the Union of Korean Writers.

  • May 26, 1955

    Record of a Conversation with Cde. Kim Gyu-yeop, Director of the Pyongyang Children's Theater

    Andreyev and Kim Gyu-yeop converse about the Pyongyang children's theater and the issues of concern to writers in the Union of Korean Writers.

  • June 20, 1955

    Record of Conversation with Deputy DPRK Minister of Culture and Propaganda Jeong Ryul

    Jeong Ryul expresses his concern regarding the challenges of the Korean artists and culture teams stemming from the food shortages in the DPRK.

  • December 04, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 4 December 1955

    DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan and Minister of Construction Kim Seung-hwa report to Ivanov about the KWP CC plenum decision to expel Pak Il-u and Kim Yeol from the party and the Central Committee. The conversation touches on the issue of a group of Soviet Korean members who have been accused of supporting anti-Party reactionary writers.

  • December 06, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 6 December 1955

    Nam Il tells Ivanov that Kim Il Sung is actively working to settle the issue of citizenship among Soviet Koreans in the party. Kim acknowledges that granting them citizenship could help ease relations between them and local Koreans. Nam insists that Kim does not believe that the Soviet Koreans are ill-intentioned.

  • December 07, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 7 December 1955

    Ivanov speaks with Kim Il Sung about the proceedings of the most recent KWP CC plenum. The plenum touched upon plans to improve North Korea’s agriculture sector. Ivanov describes in length Kim’s accusation of Chinese and Soviet Korean party members of undermining the party leadership. Ivanov advises against categorizing party members as Soviet, Chinese, or local.

  • December 29, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 29 December 1955

    Nam Il reports to Ivanov the proceedings of the most recent KWP CC Presidium. Several Soviet Korean party members, active in the literature and propaganda fields, presented their self-criticisms at the meeting.

  • January 24, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan, 24 January 1956

    Pak reports on the recent KWP CC Presidium decision, “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature and Art,” which was directed at the alleged hostile factional activity of Soviet Koreans. Pak says that the persecution of Soviet Koreans is ungrounded, as they do not pose a threat to the Party, and that in fact, favoring members of the local “faction” over members of other backgrounds may undermine the Party’s integrity.

  • January 25, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 25 January 1956

    Pak Yeong-bin reports to Ivanov about a recent meeting of Party members in Pyongyang. At this meeting Han Seol-ya and others took turns criticizing Soviet Koreans Pak Chang-ok, Pak Yeong-bin, Gi Seok-bok, Jeong Ryul, and Jeon Dong-hyuk for supporting reactionary literature and creating discord within the Party.

  • February 25, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and Pak Yeong-bin

    Pak says that while he himself has admitted to his mistakes and engaged in self-criticism, Pak Chang-ok continues to deny that he had engaged in factionalist, anti-Party activity. Pak Yeong-bin also describes several factors that may have played a role in the “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature” decision made by Kim Il Sung and the Presidium.

  • February 29, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan tells Filatov about a conversation he had with Kim Il Sung regarding Pak Chang-ok, Pak Yeong-bin, and other Soviet Korean party members.

  • February 03, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 3 February 1960

    Soviet Ambassador Puzanov discusses rice and grain with Nam Il and inspects a new play written by Han Seol-ya with other Embassy officials.

  • December 23, 1985

    On the Current Situation in the DPRK

    North Korea is said to have started acknowledging the World War II and Korean War-era assistance of the USSR and China once again. Some Western literature is now available in the DPRK. And a flurry of construction projects have begun outside of Pyongyang.