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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 01, 1966

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, No. 101 s, to CPSU Central Committee

    Moldavian leader Bodiul calls upon the central authorities in Moscow to respond to Romanian propaganda which stated that there was no separate Moldavian ethnic or political identity. He advocates the generation of publications to “objectively expose” Romanian and bourgeois interpretations “from a class position and in the interests of the socialist community of nations;” and requests assistance in preparing "in the Moldavian language, Russian and in a series of foreign languages a series of historical studies (monographs, brochures, atlases, etc.) and articles in central periodicals, on the radio and television broadcasts that bring to the attention of wider public opinion—Soviet and foreign—the truth about the Moldavian people, about its authentic history and about the true reality of its contemporary life."

  • June 03, 1968

    Transcript No. 53 of the Meeting of the Central Committee Bureau of the Moldavian Communist Party

    The Moldavian Communist Party discusses a decision by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee approving measures for "improving ideological work in the republic," i.e. combating Romanian propaganda which undermined the separate ethnic and political identity of MoldThe MCP instructed a variety of institutions to cooperate in strictly regulating and reducing the entry of Romanian publications, broadcasts, information, and tourism into the republic; to create a propaganda base within the republic that would include increase numbers of publications and broadcasts, and new radio and television broadcast facilities; and to launch a new ideological offensive to combat Romanian influence.

  • July 03, 1972

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, no. 210 s, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Proposal Regarding the Organization of KGB Organs in the Frontier Counties of the Republic'

    Request from the Moldavian Communist Party to send KGB officers to Moldavia in light of the “intensification of subversive activities directed against the republic by the special services and ideological centers of the Western countries,” of Israel, and of Romania. Travelers coming from Romania were deemed particularly dangerous because of their efforts “to inculcate our citizens with a nationalist spirit.” A “considerable part of them” smuggled in “materials and literature that are dangerous from the political perspective” while others “propagated the separate course of the Romanian leadership, the idea of breaking off the former Bessarabia from the USSR and uniting it with Romania.”

  • June 27, 1975

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, no. 189 s, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Memorandum on the Falsification of Historical Events in Romania and Measures for Preventing its Negative Consequences in Moldavia'

    The Moldavian Communist Party requests the development of a “comprehensive” and “coordinated single plan” for propaganda regarding the Moldavian political and ethnic identity. The MCP was particularly distressed by the tendency among Soviet ethnologies and histories of ignoring the new “Moldavian” ethnicity altogether, and referring to it instead simply as Romanian. Also troublesome were the “Romanian authors and their contemporaries that falsify the past and present of the Moldavian people."

  • January 12, 1976

    Transcript No. 100, §3, Annex, Execution of the CPSU CC Decision 'On the Supplementary Measures in the Domain of Ideological Work Connected with the Intensification of Romanian Nationalist Propaganda which Harms the Interests of the USSR'

    In this annex, the Moldavian Communist Party outlines specific tasks to be assigned to various cultural organizations in order to counter Romanian nationalist propaganda which undermined the separate Moldavian identity.

  • January 12, 1976

    Transcript No. 100 of the Meeting of the Central Committee Bureau of the Moldavian Communist Party

    In response to a decision of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee, the Moldavian Communist Party made plans for producing new radio, television and print propaganda. Measures were also planned for preventing the smuggling of nationalistic Romanian propaganda into the Moldavian Republic.

  • February 10, 1976

    Letter, Director of the Telegraphic Agency of the Soviet Union, Zamiatin, No. 105 s, to First Secretary of the MCP CC, Bodiul

    Zamiatin, the director of TASS, writes to the Moldavian leader suggesting the creation of a new office, the Special Editor of Information for Abroad. This editor would help with the propaganda campaign to "counteract the more active attempts by Western means of information to misrepresent the past and present of the Moldavian people, [and in] combating certain tendencies of Romanian propaganda."

  • May 26, 1976

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, No. 145 ss, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Information on New Falsifications of Russo-Romanian and Soviet-Romanian Relations in the Publications of the Socialist Republic of Romania'

    Report on the "Falsifications" common in nationalist Romanian propaganda. The Moldavian Communist Party was concerned that this material denied the separate political and ethnic identity of Moldavians, insisting that they were Romanian, and was often strongly anti-Soviet. Romania had become the launching point from which, “through different channels, reactionary literature published in the US, FRG, Israel, China, and other countries in which the most extravagant anti-Sovietism prospers penetrates into the Soviet Union.”

  • July 20, 1978

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, No. 179 ss, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Information Regarding the Intensification in Romania of a Propaganda Campaign that Harms the Interests of the USSR'

    The Moldavian Communist Party reports on the increasingly anti-Soviet nature of nationalist propaganda in Russia. Moldavian authorities were concerned by how this propaganda denied the existence of a separate Moldavian ethnic identity, while Soviet authorities were especially concerned by Bucharest’s role in attempting to consolidate an anti-Soviet Eurocommunism.

  • December 06, 1978

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, No. 294s, to President of the USSR Committee for State Security (KGB), Andropov, 'Regarding the Necessity of Increasing the Number of Personnel of the Moldavian SSR KGB'

    The Moldavian Communist Party requests an increase in the number of KGB personnel in Moldavia to assist with efforts to "curb subversive activity" originating in Romania. This “ideological subversion” was further propagated by the Romanian print and broadcast media, through direct mailings (mail correspondence having “surpassed 500 thousand letters per year”) and through Romanian citizens visiting the republic who sought to indoctrinate the Soviet people “in an anti-Soviet, anti-Russian spirit."

  • December 03, 1979

    Section for Relations with Foreign Countries of the Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, to MCP Central Committee, 'Information On the Activity of the Radio-Interception Group of the State Committee for Television and Radio of Moldavia'

    List of questions and topics for the Moldavian State Committee for Television and Radio to focus on collecting. The MCP was concerned about tracking anti-Soviet and anti-Moldavian propaganda which originated in Romania.

  • December 29, 1981

    Moldavia Communist Party Central Committee, Transcript No. 24 of the Meeting of Central Committee Bureau of the Moldavian Communist Party

    Summary of discussions and decisions made by the Moldavian Communist Party to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda. These orders mobilized the entire education system and print and broadcast network to bolster and reinforce “a scientific conception of the world,” “ideological convictions,” “firm political vigilance” and “a class-oriented intransigence towards bourgeois and revisionist propaganda.” Although China was mentioned as one of the responsible parties for this propaganda, the central culprits behind the “abruptly intensified hostile actions” seeking “to oppose the Moldavian people to the Russians and other peoples of the USSR” resided in the West and over the Moldavian-Romanian frontier.

  • November 03, 1982

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Moldavian SSR, No. 24 s, to MCP Central Committee, 'About the Creation of the Council for the Coordination of Foreign Policy Propaganda'

    Report on the increasing volume of foreign visitors to Moldavia, and plans to organize a new Council for the Coordination of Foreign Policy. This council would have the “task of permanently counteracting the subversive activity of all sorts of falsifiers of the history of the Moldavian people, statehood, language and culture,” with Romanian policies singled out as continually “exercising a negative influence over Moldavian society”

  • June 08, 1983

    Presidium of the Moldavian SSR Academy of Sciences, Decision Regarding the Measures of the Social Science Section Fulfilling the Disposition of the Presidium of the USSR AS on "the 'New Historical Concept’ in the SRR"

    Instructions from the Moldavian Academy of Sciences to prepare materials to counter Romania nationalist propaganda which insisted that Moldavia was part of Romania. This included plans "to expand the publication of materials referring to the history of Russo-Romanian, Soviet-Romanian relations and to key problems from the history of Romania and Moldavia."

  • November 13, 1984

    Annex to the Decision of the Presidium of the MSSR AS, No. 178, 'Of the Institutions of Education of the Section for Social Sciences of the MSSR AS Regarding the Execution of the Decision of the Presidium of the USSR AS'

    List of propaganda measures to be carried out by the Moldavian Academy of Sciences and various institutions in order to counter Romanian nationalist propaganda.

  • November 13, 1984

    Presidium of the Moldavian Academy of Sciences, No. 178/02, 'Decision Regarding the Counteracting of the Falsifications of Romanian Sociologists'

    The Moldavian Academy of Sciences reports on its decisions to counteract Romanian propaganda which contained "interpretations of a nationalist spirit appear, [as well as] misrepresentations of a series of key-problems tied to the history of Romania, to Russo-Romanian and Soviet-Romanian relations, to the falsification of the so-called 'Bessarabian question,' to the history of the liberation of Romania by the Soviet Army, etc."

  • August 19, 1986

    Transcript No. 14, § 3, Annex, 'Measures Regarding the Intensification of Patriotic and Internationalist Education of the Population of the Republic, the Fight against Manifestations of Nationalism'

    The Moldavian Communist Party lists measures to be taken to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda, assigning various tasks and deadlines to numerous government divisions and cultural organizations.

  • August 19, 1986

    Transcript No. 14 of the Meeting of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the Moldavian Communist Party

    Meeting of the Moldavian Communist Party in which they discuss measures to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda in Moldavia. The MCP cited a “recent” and “abrupt intensification of bourgeois and revisionist propaganda operations,” fully supported by a “series of historians, publicists and means of mass information from the Socialist Republic of Romania,” and by Romanian tourists who, “educated in the spirit of nationalist and chauvinist calumnies of Romanian bourgeois and revisionist historiography,” try to spread their ideas among the population of the republic

  • July 24, 1989

    Decision of the Moldavian KGB Collegium, On the Implementation Status by KGB MSSR Section 5 'Fulfillment of the Directives of the XXVIIth CPSU Congress on the Intensification of Ideological-Educational Work'

    Report by the Moldavian KGB on the decisions it had implemented of the USSR KGB Collegium from the previous year. Includes work to counter Romanian nationalist propaganda. Romania is referred to by the code name "Objective 24." General-Lieutenant G.M. Volkov, the Chairman of the Moldavian SSR KGB, maintained that an all-out offensive was required, including the use of “persons of trust from among the ranks of people of science, culture and art,” in order to neutralize “the subversive activity of the adversary” by identifying and isolating the “emissaries of the adversary” and imposing “permanent and reliable operational control” over them.

  • November 28, 1989

    Decision About the Measures Regarding the Decision of the KGB Collegium of the USSR of 5 September 1989, 'About the Tasks of the State Security Services of the USSR Regarding the Defense of the Soviet Constitutional Regime'

    In response to the increase of anti-Soviet and Romanian nationalist propaganda, the Moldavian KGB decides to form a new organization, Section 3, "to provide a principled basis for the activity concerning the defense of the Soviet constitutional regime." Detailed instructions are given for the new Sections operations and activities.