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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 01, 1966

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, No. 101 s, to CPSU Central Committee

    Moldavian leader Bodiul calls upon the central authorities in Moscow to respond to Romanian propaganda which stated that there was no separate Moldavian ethnic or political identity. He advocates the generation of publications to “objectively expose” Romanian and bourgeois interpretations “from a class position and in the interests of the socialist community of nations;” and requests assistance in preparing "in the Moldavian language, Russian and in a series of foreign languages a series of historical studies (monographs, brochures, atlases, etc.) and articles in central periodicals, on the radio and television broadcasts that bring to the attention of wider public opinion—Soviet and foreign—the truth about the Moldavian people, about its authentic history and about the true reality of its contemporary life."

  • June 03, 1968

    Transcript No. 53 of the Meeting of the Central Committee Bureau of the Moldavian Communist Party

    The Moldavian Communist Party discusses a decision by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee approving measures for "improving ideological work in the republic," i.e. combating Romanian propaganda which undermined the separate ethnic and political identity of MoldThe MCP instructed a variety of institutions to cooperate in strictly regulating and reducing the entry of Romanian publications, broadcasts, information, and tourism into the republic; to create a propaganda base within the republic that would include increase numbers of publications and broadcasts, and new radio and television broadcast facilities; and to launch a new ideological offensive to combat Romanian influence.

  • July 03, 1972

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, no. 210 s, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Proposal Regarding the Organization of KGB Organs in the Frontier Counties of the Republic'

    Request from the Moldavian Communist Party to send KGB officers to Moldavia in light of the “intensification of subversive activities directed against the republic by the special services and ideological centers of the Western countries,” of Israel, and of Romania. Travelers coming from Romania were deemed particularly dangerous because of their efforts “to inculcate our citizens with a nationalist spirit.” A “considerable part of them” smuggled in “materials and literature that are dangerous from the political perspective” while others “propagated the separate course of the Romanian leadership, the idea of breaking off the former Bessarabia from the USSR and uniting it with Romania.”

  • June 27, 1975

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, no. 189 s, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Memorandum on the Falsification of Historical Events in Romania and Measures for Preventing its Negative Consequences in Moldavia'

    The Moldavian Communist Party requests the development of a “comprehensive” and “coordinated single plan” for propaganda regarding the Moldavian political and ethnic identity. The MCP was particularly distressed by the tendency among Soviet ethnologies and histories of ignoring the new “Moldavian” ethnicity altogether, and referring to it instead simply as Romanian. Also troublesome were the “Romanian authors and their contemporaries that falsify the past and present of the Moldavian people."

  • January 12, 1976

    Transcript No. 100, §3, Annex No. 2, 'List of Works on the History of the Formation of the Moldavian Nation, and of Russo-Romanian, Soviet-Romanian and Moldo-Romanian Relations that Subsequently will be Prepared and Published in 1976-1980'

    In this annex, the Moldavian Communist Party lists historical works which are to prepared as part of the campaign designed to counter nationalistic Romanian propaganda.

  • January 12, 1976

    Transcript No. 100, §3, Annex, Execution of the CPSU CC Decision 'On the Supplementary Measures in the Domain of Ideological Work Connected with the Intensification of Romanian Nationalist Propaganda which Harms the Interests of the USSR'

    In this annex, the Moldavian Communist Party outlines specific tasks to be assigned to various cultural organizations in order to counter Romanian nationalist propaganda which undermined the separate Moldavian identity.

  • January 12, 1976

    Transcript No. 100, §3, Annex No. 1, 'Approximate Themes for Republic Press, Radio & Television Interventions Oriented towards the Neutralization of Romanian National Propaganda that Harms the Interests of the USSR'

    In this annex, the Moldavian Communist Party outlines specific themes and topics that should be discussed in propaganda produced to counter nationalist Romanian propaganda. Specific historical facts and events are listed which are "treated incorrectly" in Romanian works along with suggested counterarguments for Soviet and Moldavian historians.

  • January 12, 1976

    Transcript No. 100 of the Meeting of the Central Committee Bureau of the Moldavian Communist Party

    In response to a decision of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee, the Moldavian Communist Party made plans for producing new radio, television and print propaganda. Measures were also planned for preventing the smuggling of nationalistic Romanian propaganda into the Moldavian Republic.

  • February 10, 1976

    Letter, Director of the Telegraphic Agency of the Soviet Union, Zamiatin, No. 105 s, to First Secretary of the MCP CC, Bodiul

    Zamiatin, the director of TASS, writes to the Moldavian leader suggesting the creation of a new office, the Special Editor of Information for Abroad. This editor would help with the propaganda campaign to "counteract the more active attempts by Western means of information to misrepresent the past and present of the Moldavian people, [and in] combating certain tendencies of Romanian propaganda."

  • April 05, 1976

    Communist Party of Moldovia Central Committee, No. 125 s, to CPSU Central Committee, 'On the Creation of a Sector on the History of the International Communist Movement within the Institute of Party History at the Moldavian Communist Party'

    As part of the campaign to combat nationalist Romanian propaganda, the Moldavian leader informs the CPSU CC about the creation of a new section in the Moldavian Institute of Party History. This new section would include "a group of specialists... familiarized with the works of Romanian authors, [and] knowing the languages of the countries whose parties made up the Balkan Communist Federation."

  • May 26, 1976

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, No. 145 ss, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Information on New Falsifications of Russo-Romanian and Soviet-Romanian Relations in the Publications of the Socialist Republic of Romania'

    Report on the "Falsifications" common in nationalist Romanian propaganda. The Moldavian Communist Party was concerned that this material denied the separate political and ethnic identity of Moldavians, insisting that they were Romanian, and was often strongly anti-Soviet. Romania had become the launching point from which, “through different channels, reactionary literature published in the US, FRG, Israel, China, and other countries in which the most extravagant anti-Sovietism prospers penetrates into the Soviet Union.”

  • July 20, 1978

    Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, No. 179 ss, to CPSU Central Committee, 'Information Regarding the Intensification in Romania of a Propaganda Campaign that Harms the Interests of the USSR'

    The Moldavian Communist Party reports on the increasingly anti-Soviet nature of nationalist propaganda in Russia. Moldavian authorities were concerned by how this propaganda denied the existence of a separate Moldavian ethnic identity, while Soviet authorities were especially concerned by Bucharest’s role in attempting to consolidate an anti-Soviet Eurocommunism.

  • December 03, 1979

    Section for Relations with Foreign Countries of the Moldavian Communist Party Central Committee, to MCP Central Committee, 'Information On the Activity of the Radio-Interception Group of the State Committee for Television and Radio of Moldavia'

    List of questions and topics for the Moldavian State Committee for Television and Radio to focus on collecting. The MCP was concerned about tracking anti-Soviet and anti-Moldavian propaganda which originated in Romania.

  • March 15, 1980

    Journal of V. I. Drozdenko - Record of Conversation with V. Cazacu, Member of the RCP CC Political Executive Committee

    Conversations between V. Cazacu from the RCP CC Political Executive Committee and V. I. Drozdenko, USSR Ambassador in the SSR. Discussions include Soviet-Romanian economic cooperation, the conflict over Romania’s non-class approach to historical studies, and the "Bessarabian question." The Soviet leadership asked for a cessation of publication of materials in which Romania claims its historic rights over Moldavia.

  • December 29, 1981

    Moldavia Communist Party Central Committee, Transcript No. 24 of the Meeting of Central Committee Bureau of the Moldavian Communist Party

    Summary of discussions and decisions made by the Moldavian Communist Party to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda. These orders mobilized the entire education system and print and broadcast network to bolster and reinforce “a scientific conception of the world,” “ideological convictions,” “firm political vigilance” and “a class-oriented intransigence towards bourgeois and revisionist propaganda.” Although China was mentioned as one of the responsible parties for this propaganda, the central culprits behind the “abruptly intensified hostile actions” seeking “to oppose the Moldavian people to the Russians and other peoples of the USSR” resided in the West and over the Moldavian-Romanian frontier.

  • November 03, 1982

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Moldavian SSR, No. 24 s, to MCP Central Committee, 'About the Creation of the Council for the Coordination of Foreign Policy Propaganda'

    Report on the increasing volume of foreign visitors to Moldavia, and plans to organize a new Council for the Coordination of Foreign Policy. This council would have the “task of permanently counteracting the subversive activity of all sorts of falsifiers of the history of the Moldavian people, statehood, language and culture,” with Romanian policies singled out as continually “exercising a negative influence over Moldavian society”

  • June 08, 1983

    Presidium of the Moldavian SSR Academy of Sciences, Decision Regarding the Measures of the Social Science Section Fulfilling the Disposition of the Presidium of the USSR AS on "the 'New Historical Concept’ in the SRR"

    Instructions from the Moldavian Academy of Sciences to prepare materials to counter Romania nationalist propaganda which insisted that Moldavia was part of Romania. This included plans "to expand the publication of materials referring to the history of Russo-Romanian, Soviet-Romanian relations and to key problems from the history of Romania and Moldavia."

  • June 08, 1983

    Annex, to Decision of the Presidium of the MSSR AS, 'Projected Measures for Fulfilling the Disposition 'On the Scientific Measures of the USSR AS in Connection with the"New Historical Concept" in the SRR'

    A list of works to be prepared or translated in order to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda in Moldavia.

  • November 13, 1984

    Annex to the Decision of the Presidium of the MSSR AS, No. 178, 'Of the Institutions of Education of the Section for Social Sciences of the MSSR AS Regarding the Execution of the Decision of the Presidium of the USSR AS'

    List of propaganda measures to be carried out by the Moldavian Academy of Sciences and various institutions in order to counter Romanian nationalist propaganda.

  • November 13, 1984

    Presidium of the Moldavian Academy of Sciences, No. 178/02, 'Decision Regarding the Counteracting of the Falsifications of Romanian Sociologists'

    The Moldavian Academy of Sciences reports on its decisions to counteract Romanian propaganda which contained "interpretations of a nationalist spirit appear, [as well as] misrepresentations of a series of key-problems tied to the history of Romania, to Russo-Romanian and Soviet-Romanian relations, to the falsification of the so-called 'Bessarabian question,' to the history of the liberation of Romania by the Soviet Army, etc."