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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 05, 1962

    Hungarian Legation in Washington (Radványi), Report on Mikoyan’s Visit to Washington

    Hungarian Chargé d’Affaires János Radványi reports on Anastas Mikoyan’s visit to Washington, DC. After a brief description of Mikoyan’s Washington itinerary, the report is divided into three sections: Mikoyan’s impressions of his meetings with American officials, meetings in Cuba with Cuban officials, and meetings about different socialist countries (e.g. China, Hungary). Primary subjects discussed include the presence of missiles in Cuba, nuclear proliferation and Latin America as a nuclear free region, missile bases, and the Berlin issue.

  • May 02, 1963

    Message, P.L. Bhandari, Embassy of India, Mexico City, 'A Nuclear-Free Zone for Latin America'

    Mexico proposed that all Latin American countries ban the installations of nuclear bases on their soil.

  • June 05, 1963

    Political Report on Mexico for May 1963, Shiv Kumar, Second Secretary, Embassy of India, Mexico City. 'Denuclearized Zone'

    Although the Mexican denuclearization plan for Latin America has won appreciation from Secretary-General U Thant, some Latin American countries were tepid in their response.

  • July 04, 1963

    Political Report on Mexico for June 1963, P.L. Bhandari, Ambassador to Mexico

    Mexican Foreign Minister Manuel Tello visited Scandinavia to unite efforts for disarmament.

  • October 01, 1963

    Political Report on Mexico for September 1963, L. Bhandari, Ambassador to Mexico, 'Atom-Free Zone'

    Mexico will continue its drive to establish Latin America as a region where atomic weapons are outlawed and testing forbidden

  • October 16, 1963

    Telegram from Ambassador to Mexico on President Tito’s Visit to Mexico

    Summary of Tito's visit to Mexico and the text of a joint communiqué.

  • November 25, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Vietnam, 'Cuban Ambassador to Vietnam Discusses America’s Plan for Latin American Nuclear-Free Zone'

    The Chinese Ambassador to Vietnam reports that the United States is working through the United Nations to prevent Puerto Rico, Guantanamo, and its others holdings in Latin America from being included in any "Latin America Nuclear-Free Zone." The Ambassador suggests that this is an attempt to distract Latin American citizens from their campaign against American military bases in the region.

  • December 12, 1963

    Memorandum of Conversation, Vladimir Koucky, Secretary of Czechoslovak Communist Party (CPCz) Central Committee, and Carlos Rafael Rodriguez, Head of Cuba’s National Institute of Agrarian Reform (INRA), Prague

    The memorandum includes topics discussed between CPCz Secretary Vladimír Koucký and Cuban government official Carlos Rafael Rodríguez. Rodríguez lists points of misunderstanding between Cuba and other socialist countries. Discussion topics include Chinese publications in Cuba, Cuba's unique approach to socialist revolution, the proposed nuclear-free zone in Latin America, and building socialism under various conditions (e.g. Islam's role in Algeria), among others. Rodríguez encourages more communication among socialist nations to prevent misunderstanding.

  • December 20, 1963

    Record of Premier Zhou Enlai's Calling on President Nasser

    Zhou and Nasser discuss domestic conditions inside of Egypt, the Sino-Indian border war, and the possibilities for a nuclear weapons free zone in Africa and the Middle East.

  • May 13, 1966

    Telegram from Charge d'Affaires of Mexico City on the Third Session of the Preparatory Commission for the Denuclearization of Latin America

    This report focuses on Mexico and Brazil’s differeing approaches towards the issue of denuclearization of Latin America

  • June 22, 1966

    Note on the Third Session of the Preparatory Commission for the Denuclearization of Latin America held in Mexico City from April 19 to May 4, 1966

    As a result of the commission, a draft treaty has been prepared for the creation of a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone. Brazil and Mexico have rival approaches to denuclearization.

  • August 25, 1966

    Latin America: A Note for the Forthcoming Tripartite (Non-Aligned) Meeting

    This document describes the overall regional environments in Latin America after the Cuban Missile Crisis (1960s)

  • August 31, 1966

    Telegram from the Indian Embassy in Mexico City

    The Latin American Denuclearization Commission has been post-poned.

  • September 14, 1966

    Telegram from the Indian Embassy in Mexico City on Speech by the President of the Latin American Denuclearization Preparatory Commission

    Alfonso Garcia Robles summarizes the main developments of the Third Session of the Preparatory Commission for the Denuclearization of Latin America and replies from non-member states.

  • February 16, 1967

    Telegram from the Indian Embassy in Mexico on Latin American Denuclearization Treaty

    This telegram comprehensively evaluates the Latin American Denuclearization Treaty

  • February 28, 1967

    Telegram from Ambassador Trivedi on Eighteen Nation Committee on Disarmament

    Discussion of the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones.

  • March 17, 1967

    Research Memorandum RAR-8 from George C. Denney, Jr., to the Secretary, 'The Latin American Nuclear Free Zone: Pluses and Minuses'

    The treaty creating the Latin American Nuclear Free Zone (LANFZ) was signed at Tlatelolco, Mexico, on 14 February 1967. Taking a close look at key provisions, INR found that the entry into force provisions included loopholes which “unenthusiastic” states could use so the treaty did not cover their territory.

  • May 11, 1967

    Telegram from the Indian Embassy of Brazil, 'Statement Made on 9th May 1967 by the Minister of Foreign Relations of Brazil'

    On May 9, Brazil signed the Treaty of Tlatelolco to ban nuclear weapons in Latin America.

  • June 13, 1967

    Telegram from Ambassador Trivedi, 'Non-Aligned Meeting'

    Different points of Mexico and Brazil on the denuclearization treaty of Latin America

  • November 07, 1967

    25th Meeting of Non-Aligned Group with Discussion on Peaceful Nuclear Explosions

    Mexican and Brazilian representatives disagree on if peaceful nuclear explosions (PNEs) are allowed by the Latin American treaty.