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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 23, 1950

    Hatred of America is Not Yet Fully Established among Students at Shanghai Colleges and Middle Schools

    An "Internal Reference" report on attitudes amongst students in Shanghai following China's entry into the Korean War.

  • October 22, 1954

    Abstract of Talk between Nehru, Chen Yun, and Vice Premier Li Fuchun

    Record of conversation between Indian and Chinese delegations, on a wide variety of issues in China. Conversation covers the structure of Chinese government, management of the bureaucracy, handling of finances, and plans for improving education and productivity levels.

  • March 01, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1954, No. 1 (Overall Issue No. 1)

    This issue features content on China's cooperation with the Soviet Union, Mongolia, India, Albania, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). It also has sections on Taiwan, education, economic policies, and railroad development.

  • March 21, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 3 (Overall Issue No. 6)

    This issue features several State Council decisions that pertained to Tibet, including one that established a preliminary committee for the region. It also covers their response to a report from officials who accompanied the Dalai Lama in March 1955 during his nearly yearlong visit to China. Other records discuss topics such as education and the possible reduction of personnel on the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission for Korea.

  • June 10, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 8 (Overall Issue No. 11)

    This issue covers the withdrawal of Soviet troops from the Lüshun Naval Base and transfer of equipment to the PRC. It also discusses preparations for the second session of the 1st National People's Congress. Other topics include water conservation and drought prevention, agricultural production, and education.

  • July 25, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 11 (Overall Issue No. 14)

    This issue begins with a joint statement from the Chinese and North Vietnamese governments. Among other topics, such as the management of infectious diseases, it also addresses concerns related to primary, secondary, and higher education. For example, one section discusses the need for cooperation between production enterprises and university research departments.

  • August 10, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 12 (Overall Issue No. 15)

    This issue begins with an order to reorganize county and district public security forces into the "People's Armed Police." The State Council also responds to questions about providing vacation time for Muslim holidays in Guangxi province and discusses various educational matters. One section features instructions for the management of "reactionary, obscene, or absurd" books and images.

  • August 25, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 13 (Overall Issue No. 16)

    This issue begins with a notice about the establishment of Sino-Nepalese diplomatic relations. It then features a statement from the PRC Ministry of Foreign Affairs about South Korean threats to disrupt the Korean Armistice Agreement. Other sections address various matters such as construction, instructions from the Ministry of Supervision on equipment maintenance in industrial departments, and the allocation of jobs for college graduates after the summer.

  • September 10, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 14 (Overall Issue No. 17)

    This issue begins with orders related to grain conservation. It also includes a statement regarding the departure of Japanese who stayed in China after World War II and documents that address China's exclusion from the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Other sections cover cooperation between Chinese and East German scientists, Sino-Egyptian trade negotiations, and regulations for graduate students in the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  • September 25, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 16 (Overall Issue No. 19)

    This issue includes reports about wages for government staff and employment for People's Liberation Army soldiers once they leave active duty. It also features a statement from the Chinese and American ambassadors about the repatriation of citizens held in either country. Other sections cover topics such as the administration of local People's Broadcasting Stations, the administration of railways, and plans to improve physical education in primary and secondary schools.

  • November 15, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 19 (Overall Issue No. 22)

    This issue begins with Zhou Enlai responding to questions from Filipino journalists. It also includes a report from the Xinhua News Agency, which denies American rumors that Egypt is importing military equipment from China. Other sections address education, provincial administrative bureaus, and the demobilization of soldiers in Shanxi.

  • November 28, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 20 (Overall Issue No. 23)

    This issue features several sections about draft by-laws for agricultural cooperatives as well as governance at the provincial and local levels. It also discusses Sino-Burmese (Myanmar) air transport negotiations, the regulation of public debt, and the need for more in-service training for teachers at secondary schools.

  • 1956

    Letter, Deputy Chair of the Far Eastern Branch of the Soviet Academy of Sciences Aleksei Vasil’evich Stozhenko

    Stozhenko, a geography professor, writes to a friend concerning komandirovka (work-related travel), science education in China, and the sometimes bad behavior of Soviet advisors in China. He warns that “gluttonous eating, sleeping in luxury rooms, and traveling in the international car at the expense of the PRC is not helping things.”

  • January 23, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 03 (Overall Issue No. 29)

    This issue features remarks from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs about an incursion of two US military aircraft in Chinese airspace. It also discusses mobilizing primary and secondary school graduates to participate in the agricultural cooperative movement. Other sections cover scientific collaboration between universities and research institutions, sports, and the handicraft industry.

  • February 06, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 05 (Overall Issue No. 31)

    Several sections of this issue address agricultural development and production. It also includes a statement about U.S. State Department misinterpretations of the Sino-American ambassadorial talks. One section discusses winter vacation activities for students in primary, secondary, and normal (pedagogical) schools.

  • February 16, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 06 (Overall Issue No. 32)

    This issue highlights the Standing Committee's resolution to approve the Sino-East German Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation. It also addresses road maintenance and the conservation of gasoline. Other sections discuss the promulgation of simplified Chinese characters, the promotion of standard Mandarin (putonghua), and the distribution of books in rural areas.

  • February 22, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 07 (Overall Issue No. 33)

    This issue discusses a government proposal for the normalization of Sino-Japanese relations. It also addresses the transformation of private industries and the liquidation of private enterprise property. Other sections cover labor protections for coal miners, the promotion of standard Mandarin, plans for pinyin, as well as awards for outstanding teachers and students who have sought to combat illiteracy.

  • April 16, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 14 (Overall Issue No. 40)

    In this issue, Zhou Enlai congratulates the Prime Minister of Morocco, Mbarek Bekkay, and the Prime Minister of Tunisia, Tahar Ben Ammar, after both countries won their independence. One section announces a Sino-North Vietnamese civilian air transport service agreement; while another features a Sino-Soviet agreement to develop various industries and build a railway between Lanzhou and Aktogay (now in Kazakhstan). Finally, other sections discuss managing cooperatives, higher education, and provincial administrative concerns.

  • April 23, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 15 (Overall Issue No. 41)

    This issue begins with statements about Sino-Sudanese and Sino-Egyptian trade talks. It also discusses strengthening the National Archives and the status of landlords in Anhui Province. Among other concerns, such as tax exemptions for agricultural production cooperatives that plant more tree saplings, two sections address promoting standard Mandarin and guiding primary school students to read children's literature.

  • April 30, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 16 (Overall Issue No. 42)

    This issue includes congratulatory telegrams from Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and Zhou Enlai, which applaud the establishment of a Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region. It also features instructions to prevent forest fires and improve the working conditions of intellectuals. One section discusses admitting new students into summer normal (pedagogical) schools via exams; other reports address provincial administrative concerns.