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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 29, 1990

    Record of a Conversation Between M. S. Gorbachev and President of France, F. Mitterrand

    Record of conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Francois Mitterrand, on the subject of Saddam Hussein and his invasion of Kuwait. Both leaders stress the importance of avoiding military conflict and the necessity of a united front for the permanent members of the UN Security Council in order to achieve this. Mitterrand notes his apprehension over the US perception of UN Charter Article 51 and the possibility US initiation of hostilities.

  • November 19, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and the General Secretary of the UN J. Pérez de Cuéllar in Paris (excerpt)

    Excerpt from a conversation between Gorbachev and Pérez de Cuéllar on the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 19, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and President of the US George Bush in Paris

    Gorbachev and Bush discuss options for responding to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 20, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and British Prime Minister M. Thatcher

    Gorbachev and Thatcher discuss the potential response through the UN to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 21, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Canadian Prime Minister B. Mulroney in Paris

    Gorbachev and Mulroney discuss the potential response through the UN to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 27, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia, S. Al Faisal

    Gorbachev and Al Faisal discuss ongoing crisis caused by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors about a United Nations Air Survey Request

    Rolf Ekeus, head of the UN inspection committee on nuclear weapons, requested the United Statesprovide him with an aircraft so he could do an aerial survey of Iraqi lands.

  • December 16, 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Officials after the First Gulf War

    Saddam Hussein and Iraqi officials discuss missile development and weapons programs in the wake of loses following the Persian Gulf War. They also discuss United Nations inspections which were currently ongoing.

  • 1993

    Meeting between UN Biological Inspectors and Iraqi Officials Including Dr. Rihab Taha

    Iraqi officials and United Nations inspectors discuss the history of Iraq's biological weapons development.

  • 1994

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors to Discuss a Visit by Prime Minister Tariq Aziz to the United Nations

    Iraqi Prime Minister Tariq Aziz reports on his visit to the United Nations and progress of UN inspections of Iraq's WMD projects.

  • June 19, 1995

    Saddam Hussein Meeting with Ba’ath Party Members to Discuss the Results of the UN Inspectors’ Mission to Look for WMDs

    Saddam, General Amir, and Party members speculate on various motivations behind a UN plan for monitoring the status of WMD's in Iraq. Saddam states that Iraq possesses no biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons, but he is informed that a "traitor" had falsely reported to the UN that Iraq was in the possession of a certain number of missiles. They discuss possible UN conclusions and assumptions regarding WMD's in Iraq.

  • November, 1995

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Council Regarding the Sanctions Placed on Iraq and Tariq Aziz’s Trip to the UN Security Council

    Iraqi foreign minister, Tariq Aziz, reports that he may have reduced UN suspicion through compliance with sanctions that had been placed on Iraq regarding WMD's, along with his report to the Council that "gaps" in weapons files will be closed sooner than anticipated.