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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • January 03, 1947

    Central Intelligence Group, ORE 5/1, 'The Situation in Korea'

    An intelligence report about both North and South Korea. The report explains what the situation currently is and what is projected to happen with Soviet and American interaction with their respective Koreas.

  • 1951

    Memorandum, Eighth United States Army Korea, 'Local Procurement of Foodstuffs by Republic of Korea'

    Lieutenant General John B. Coulter reports the required rations supplement for the Republic of Korea Army.

  • January, 1951

    Contract, Goverment of Republic of Korea and CDT Corporation

    Detailed agreement on the price of scrap collected in Korea, and arrangements for shipping.

  • January 03, 1951

    Letter, Harold Lady to Syngman Rhee

    Harold Lady writes about a proposal to raise the price at which the Korean government sells aid materials to the public. He suggests that the US military should stop using military script as currency in Korea.

  • January 05, 1951

    Letter, Harold Lady to Syngman Rhee

    Harold Lady replies to Syngman Rhee's request for information on selling iron scrap to raise money for the Republic of Korea. He encloses a sample contract from the CDT corporation.

  • January 10, 1951

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to Harold Lady

    Syngman Rhee replies to Harold Lady regarding the sale of scrap iron.

  • September 23, 1952

    Letter, John W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    J. W. Staggers reports that they opened negotiations with the Grafe-Callahan Construction Company for increased output of tungsten.

  • May 05, 1953

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to John W. Staggers

    Syngman Rhee writes about his desire to have the Korean Government participate directly in the disposition of relief funds and purchase of aid materials.

  • July 27, 1953

    Notes on Visit of General Clark with President Rhee (8:30-8:55, 27 July 1953)

    General Clark tries to convince President Rhee to attend the armistice signing, emphasizing that Kim Il Sung will not be present. Ambassador Briggs then reports that President Eisenhower has approved $200 million in aid for Korean rehabilitation.

  • August 03, 1953

    Confidential Memorandum, Before Agreeing to the Armistice Agreement

    When the United States agreed to a truce talk to end the Korea War, President Syngman Rhee disapproved. He opposed the truce and tried to attack these peace proceedings through a serious of events- such as releasing thousands of prisoners of war and creating turmoil for the US government. In order to persuade Rhee to accept the armistice defense, the US dispatches Assistant Secretary of State Walter Robertson to meet with the South Korean president in a series of bargaining discussions. Eventually, under certain conditions and a mutual defense pact with the US, Rhee agrees to the armistice.

  • August 06, 1953

    Summary Record of the Conference held between President Rhee and Secretary Dulles (Second Session)

    During the second Dulles-Rhee conference, President Rhee and Secretary Dulles led the discussion with the subject of Korean rehabilitation. Rhee makes a few suggestions that both sides should consider if Korean reconstruction should take place. These suggestions include: 1) rehabilitating Korean productive industry, 2) directly allocating money for Korea’s rehabilitation instead of doing so through the reconstruction of the Japanese economy and, 3) prevent the importation of Japanese technicians to Korea. Dulles answers he will consider Rhee suggestions, however, the US will continue to aid Japan to prevent losing her to communism.

  • August 06, 1953

    Summary Memorandum, US-ROK Mutual Defense Treaty (August 6)

    In 1953, Secretary Dulles met President Rhee to discuss the US-ROK mutual defense treaty. This summary memorandum notes twelve of Rhee’s requests and/or points he will like this treaty to incorporate. These include the number of ROKA divisions, which economic model the US should use to help Korea’s economy, and the request for moral and material support for the ROK to resume war with the north. This summary also notes whether the US granted, wanted to further discuss, or rejected each point.

  • August 07, 1953

    Summary Record of the Conference held between President Rhee and Secretary Dulles (Third Session)

    President Rhee and Secretary Dulles have concluded the final negotiations for the US-ROK defense pact and now both believe it is time to inform the American and Korean public. Rhee emphasizes that he will not accept Korean neutralization and it is imperative to remove the Chinese from the north. Dulles states that the US will do its best to unify Korea under one peaceful government and will try to remove the Chinese aggressors in the north.

  • August 14, 1953

    Memorandum, President Syngman Rhee to All Diplomatic Officials

    Following the ratification of the Armistice Agreement and the Mutual Defense Treaty, President Rhee conveys that he expects the Armistice to fail because the communists will “undoubtedly” violate it and undermine Korean independence. Rhee wants to renew war to secure victory but most importantly to strengthen the ROK-U.S alliance. Following the memorandum he makes twelve points ranging from topic like Korean rehabilitation to prisoners of war from the Korean War.

  • September 02, 1953

    Letter, John W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    John W. Staggers writes about a group of American business men who are interested in purchasing goods from Korea, such as lacquered boxes.

  • September 10, 1953

    Letter, Syngman Rhee's Office to John W. Staggers

    Reply to John W. Staggers' letters concerning the purchase of Korean goods to sell in America and the purchase of a hydro-electric power plant.

  • September 18, 1953

    Letter, John W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    John W. Staggers writes concerning aid from the Foreign Operations Administration, hydro-electric power, and tungsten mining.

  • November 07, 1953

    Letter, General Maxwell D. Taylor to Sohn Won-Wil, Minister of National Defense of ROK

    General Taylor requests housing and office space for C. Tyler Wood, Economic Coordinator for Korea.

  • December 10, 1953

    The Rhee Plan for the Divestment and Rehabilitation of ROK Enterprise and Industry Under Capitalism and Democracy

    Plan proposed by US businessman James H. R. Cromwell to privatize industry in South Korea. In response to President Rhee's concerns, it was later renamed the "Private Enterprise Plan."

  • 1954

    The Private Enterprise Plan: Synopsis of Contents

    Summary of the Private Enterprise Plan for distributing US foreign aid and its objectives for Korea.