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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 20, 1949

    Telegram, Shtemenko and Vasilevsky to Stalin

    A telegram informing Stalin that there has been about 37 violations from the South Koreans over the 38 parallel, and that the Soviet government should advise the North Koreans to take appropriate measures to be ready to respond to more provocative actions from the North Koreans.

  • June 25, 1950

    United Nations Security Council Resolution 82, on Korea

    The Security Council makes a complaint of aggression by North Korean forces upon the Republic of Korea

  • June 27, 1950

    Statement by the President, Truman on Korea

    Truman's statement on the invasion of South Korea by North Korean forces.

  • June 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, from Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Telegram from Mao asking Stalin to make sure that Kim Il Sung knows that he must agree to conduct negotiations to cease hostilities, and to decide the time, place, and number of participants for these negotiations. Mao continues to give his advice as to what the best place and time would be for these negotiations (place, on the 38th parallel; and time, 15 July, 1950).

  • August 11, 1950

    The Political Situation in Korea during the Period of Military Operations

    A report on the Korean War from June through August 1950, including discussions on the start of the conflict, news media in North and South Korea, the air war, and the North Korean occupation of Seoul.

  • September 09, 1950

    National Security Council Report, NSC 81/1, "United States Courses of Action with Respect to Korea"

    The National Security Council reports to President Truman on possible US courses of action in resposne to the North Korean invasion of South Korea.

  • September 29, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko and Stalin

    Shtykov gives an insider’s report of a meeting with Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong, in which they discussed the current desperate state of the KPA, possible advancement of the US forces over the 38th parallel and the extent of the enemy’s knowledge of Soviet Union deliveries to North Korea. Kim asks for advice concerning the appeal for military aid that the Political Council of the Worker’s Party of Korea plans to send to Stalin. Shytkov comments on the nervousness and desperation of the Korean officials.

  • October 01, 1950

    Telegram from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Soviet Officials in Pyongyang, 1 October 1950

    Stalin cables his chief political and military representatives in Pyongyang in response to messages relating the increasingly dire situation in Korea as North Korean forces were driven back across the 38th parallel. Stalin demands that they establish defenses along the 38th parallel to prevent further American advance and even go on the offensive by organizing “guerrilla warfare” in the south behind enemy lines.

  • July 03, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Stalin sends his advice on peace negotiations to Mao, as requested by Mao’s telegram of the same day.

  • July 10, 1951

    Letter from General Ridgeway to the Joint Chiefs of Staff on a Ceasefire Negotiations in Korea

    Report from Ridgway, Commander in Chief of the United Nations forces in Korea on meetings between the UN Command and North Korea to negotiate an armistice in Korea.

  • August 13, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin conveying 12 August 1951 telegram from Li Kenong to Mao re: Armistice Talks.

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin relaying the assessment of Li Kenong of the state of the ongoing armistice talks. He states that the US is unwilling the accept the 38th parallel as the demaracation line and that given the state of North Korean forces, they should consider make concessions to American demands in this regard in the interests of ceasing hostilities.

  • November 14, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Mao writes to Stalin of the ongoing armistice negotiations concerning Korea, specifically the proposed demarcation line (38th parallel). Mao also writes about monitoring, the exchange of prisoners of war, and economic considerations within China.

  • November 21, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram No. 26044, Gromyko to Razuvaev

    Telegram from Gromyko to Razuvaev instructing him to explain to the Chinese and Koreans the reasoning behind Vyshinsky's demand that the demarcation line be established at the 38th parallel rather than at the present front line.

  • January 31, 1952

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao asks Stalin advice and instructions concerning issues raised during negotiations, particularly the establishment of a monitoring organ comprised of officials from neutral countries.

  • October 15, 1967

    Letter, Father Paul White to President Harry S. Truman

    Father Paul White, a resident near the 38th Parallel, proposes the establishment of the Truman Memorial Hospital in South Korea.

  • June 24, 1972

    Report from Kádas István, 'The visit of Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun'

    A report by Kadas Istvan on a conversation with North Korean ambassador Pak Gyeong-sun about the US violation of the armistice treaty and inter-Korean relations.