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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 05, 1976

    Ministry for State Security of the GDR, 'Information about Some Aspects of the Domestic, Economic, and Foreign Policy of the PR China'

    A report given to high level officials in the SED Central Committee and GDR Foreign Ministry. The report discusses the 'Criticize Deng' campaign, current agricultural and industrial developments in China, and China's economic relations with West Germany, Japan, and the United States. The report also provides commentary from China experts in the US State Department, discussing future perspectives for Chinese foreign policy.

  • September 24, 1976

    Secret Telegram No. 3239/III - From Moscow to Warsaw

    A telegram claiming that one of the most significant problems in China following Mao's death is the personnel problem, that there is "no single exceptional personality" on the Chinese scene.

  • September 29, 1976

    Secret Telegram No. 3453/III - From Moscow to Warsaw

    An assessment of the situation in China following Mao's death and a few lines about Soviet policy following this development.

  • October 10, 1976

    Letter from Deng Xiaoping to Hua Guofeng and the CCP Central Committee

    Deng Xiaoping offers his support for Hua Guofeng's appointment as Chairman of the CCP and the Central Military Commission, calling Hua the "most suitable successor to Chairman Mao."

  • December 14, 1976

    Helmut Peters, 'Note about a Talk in the Department for International Relations of the Central Committee of the CPSU on 13 December 1976'

    GDR and Soviet officials discuss possible trajectories for China following the death of Mao..

  • January 17, 1977

    Erich Honecker to the Politburo Members of the SED, 'Information about the Situation in China and the Policy of the New Leadership of the PRC'

    This document discusses the shift in political leadership and the instability of the government in the wake of Mao Zedong's death. It also reports on China's economic situation and the beginnings of efforts to modernize the country, as well as foreign relations, especially with the Soviet Union.

  • January 26, 1977

    Note about the Meeting with Comrade Kulik, Division Head in the CPSU CC Department, on Preparation for the Ninth Interkit and the Situation in China on 26 January 1977

    Reviews the first draft of a Soviet report on "China on the Eve of Mao Zedong’s Death," which was to be handed out as joint CPSU-SED material to participants of the Ninth Interkit meeting

  • March 02, 1977

    Informational Note from the Conference of Secretaries of Central Committees of Fraternal Parties in Sofia

    Secretaries CC CPSU Konstantin Katushev and B. Ponomarov provide information on the situation in China that is discussed during a confidential meeting of CC secretaries. Addressed are issues related to the fact "that Maoism failed ideologically, caused great harm to the Chinese nation, and did an enormous devastation in the areas of economy, culture, science, and social life," and ways the new Chinese government may behave.

  • March 14, 1977

    Hua Guofeng's Speech at the Central Work Conference

    Hua Guofeng criticizes the Gang of Four, evaluates Deng Xiaoping, comments on demonstrations in Tiananmen Square, and calls for the CCP to "implement Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line."

  • March 22, 1977

    Vice Chairman Ye Jianying's Speech at the Closing Session of the Central Work Conference

    Ye Jianying praises Mao Zedong, offering a historical overview of his achievements, and says that Hua Guofeng "is raising Chairman Mao’s banner high and continuing his legacy."

  • May 10, 1977

    Letter from Deng Xiaoping to Chairman Hua Guofeng, Vice Chairman Ye Jianying, and the CCP Central Committee

    Deng Xiaoping offers a self-criticism and says that he endorses the policies of Hua Guofeng.

  • May 31, 1977

    Embassy of the GDR in the USSR, Political Department, 'Note about a Meeting with Comrade Kireyev, Deputy Head of the 1st Far Eastern Department of the MID on 24 May 1977'

    A description of Chinese domestic policy, specifically the continuation of Maoism, differences in policy held by political leaders (Hua Guofeng and Ye Jianying), and the campaign against the Gang of Four. China's foreign policy, specifically towards the Soviet Union, USA, Japan, and India is also discussed.

  • June 10, 1977

    Information on the Chinese Question for the Leaderships of the Fraternal Parties of the Socialist Countries

    A report on China's growing anti-Soviet policies since the death of Mao Zedong, the potential for a Sino-Soviet war, border disputes with the Soviet Union, and Chinese relations with the United States, Western Europe, Japan, Southeast Asia, and the "Third World." They also discuss the Soviet strategy in response to these events.

  • June 21, 1977

    Note About a Meeting between Comrade Hermann Axen, Member of the Politburo and Secretary of the SED CC, and Comrade O. B. Rakhmanin, Candidate of the CPSU CC and First Deputy Head of the International Department of CC, on 17 June 1977

    An excerpt of speeches given to the meeting participants. A major theme is "how to win back China."

  • July 14, 1977

    Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Decision on Information about China after Mao

    This decision of the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) refers to specific measures to be undertaken by Bulgaria's ideological and propagandistic organs in publicly condemning Maoism as an ideology contrary to the theory and practice of Socialism and Marxism-Leninism. Among these measures are the commissioning of publications, media reports, and lectures at institutions of higher education in order to excoriate Chinese foreign policy for its attacks on the Soviet Union and the other European Socialist countries.

  • August 06, 1977

    Notes on a Meeting held in the Great Hall of the People in Peking on Saturday 6 August 1977

    Hua Guofeng and Kurt Waldheim discuss China's domestic policies and foreign policies.

  • September 23, 1977

    Notes on Meetings held in the Great Hall of the People in Peking, on 3 and 4 August 1977 at 3 PM

    Huang Hua, commenting on a number of developments around the world, suggests that China's foreign policy continues to emulate the thinking and concerns of Mao Zedong.

  • March 06, 1978

    Informational Note from the Eight Parties’ Meeting in Budapest

    This document presents "information and views on the current problems in the international and workers’ movement, the China question and anti-communist offensive struggle against imperialism."

  • May 12, 1978

    Untitled report from Brun, Polish Intelligence Station Tokyo, concerning Hua Guofeng’s visit to Pyongyang

    Hua Gufeng visited Pyongyang to brief the DPRK on China's new foreign policy and attempt to dispel any concerns held by Kim Il Sung.

  • November 10, 1978

    Hua Guofeng's Speech at the Opening Session of the CCP Central Work Conference

    Hua Guofeng assesses developments in China since the Chinese Communist Party "smashed the Gang of Four" in 1976. He calls for the CCP to continue to follow the path laid down by Mao Zedong, and comments on China's economic policy and foreign policy.