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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 22, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to Chairman Mao [Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou reports on his meetings with Soviet counterparts. The discussions concerned the Lüshun Port, a possible Sino-Soviet-Mongolian railway, and rubber.

  • September 06, 1952

    Letter, Zhou Enlai to Comrade Molotov

    Zhou Enlai seeks technical support from the Soviet Union.

  • September 06, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to Chairman Mao [Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai and Stalin discuss Soviet assistance for the Chinese economy and military.

  • April 02, 1958

    Record of Conversation between Polish Delegation and PRC Leader Mao Zedong, Wuhan

    Chairman Mao and Comrade Jaroszewicz changed their views about the plan to catch up with western countries, the excessive population growth, the agriculture production.

  • September, 1958

    'How to Run a Small Scale Brewery'

    Published by the Ministry of Light Industry, Zhu Mei's 'How to Run a Small Scale Brewery' (September 1958) introduced beer and beer making to Chinese audiences. Zhu's pamphlet also calls for the construction of hundreds of small scale breweries across China.

  • October 02, 1958

    Memorandum of Conversation of Mao Zedong with Six Delegates of the Socialist Countries, China, 2 October 1958

    To the other delegates, Mao discusses their shared goal of defeating imperialism, primarily through peaceful methods. He stresses widespread Marxist reeducation of the Chinese people and increased Chinese industrial and agricultural production as means for improvement. Mao also reminds them that socialist nations must be firmly united under the leadership of the Soviet Union to fight colonialism and imperialism, and while the communes are necessary to organize locally, the party remains the core administrative unite of communized peoples.

  • March 25, 1959

    Mao Zedong's Remarks at the March 25, 1959, Meeting in Shanghai

    Mao Zedong’s comments on agriculture and industry at a Communist Party meeting held in Shanghai.

  • March 26, 1959

    Mao Zedong's Interjections at the March 26, 1959, Meeting in Shanghai

    A key document in scholarly debates about the Great Leap Forward, this file summarizes Mao Zedong’s comments on agriculture and industry at a Communist Party meeting held in Shanghai.

  • March 26, 1959

    The Chairman's Interjections during Comrade Bo Yibo's Report on Industrial Production on March 26

    Another version of Mao Zedong's remarks at a Communist Party meeting held in Shanghai, a key talk in scholarly debates about China's Great Leap Forward.

  • September 29, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 September 1960

    A.M. Puzanov and Chinese ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang share information on the recent harvest conditions in both countries, industrial development in China, and the 15th UN General Assembly Session.

  • January 06, 1961

    From the Journal of S. V. Chervonenko, Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong on 26 December 1960

    Ambassador Chervonenko records an unexpected and surprisingly warm meeting with Mao in which the leader talks about his lessened role in the Chinese government.

  • June 27, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between First Vice Premier Hysni Kapo and Albanian Labor Party Politburo Member Ramiz Alia with PRC Premier Zhou Enlai

  • June 25, 1971

    Minutes of the Romanian Politburo Meeting Concerning Nicolae Ceauşescu's Visit to China, North Korea, Mongolia, and Vietnam

    These are the minutes of a meeting of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party discussing Romanian leader Nicolae Ceauşescu's 1971 visit to China. Ceauşescu reports on his visits to Chinese enterprises, universities, and laboratories, and acknowledges the achievements of the Cultural Revolution. The report on China is followed by comments on his subsequent visits to North Korea, Vietnam, and Mongolia. Finally, the discussion turns to Moscow's criticism of Ceauşescu's anti-Soviet statements during his stay in the Middle East.

  • June, 1977

    East German Report, 'China after Mao Zedong'

    This study gives an account on the domestic and foreign policies of China after the death of Mao Zedong. The first part of the document is dedicated to the domestic policies of the Chinese government. It analyzes the ideological backgrounds of the new leadership as well as the economic situation, while emphasizing unsolved problems in industry and agriculture. A closer look at Beijing's defense spending leads the authors to the conclusion that China is enhancing its military potential and preparing for war.