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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 06, 1951

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador N. V. Roshchin with CC CCP Secretary Liu Shaoqi

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to the PRC Roshchin and Liu Shaoqi regarding the Guomindang (Kuomintang) and American intervention in Korea, and the question of Chinese relations with Tibet.

  • October 08, 1951

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with the Tibetan Tribute Mission

    Mao promises that the CCP will protect religious freedom and assist with development in Tibet.

  • December 27, 1951

    Letter, Fraser Wilkins to Evan M. Wilson

    American diplomat Fraser Wilkins rebuts claims made by Prince Peter of Greece and Princess Irene.

  • May 23, 1952

    Despatch No. 652, American Consulate, Calcutta, India, to the Department of State, Washington, 'Transmitting Memorandum of Conversation between Consular Office and Prince Peter of Greece regarding Tibet'

    US Consular Office William Gibson and Prince Peter of Greece discuss developments in Tibet and Indo-Tibetan trade. Princess Irene offers unflattering views on a group of White Russian refugees who exited Xinjiang via Kalimpong and later immigrated to the United States. In a cover note, Evan M. Wilson dismisses Irene's comments but notes that Prince Peter's information was 'quite accurate.'

  • June 23, 1952

    Summary of Conversation between Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Indian Commissioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and K.M. Panikkar discuss the status of Tibet between China and India.

  • October 21, 1954

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Conversation with Nehru at the Banquet Hosted by the Indian Ambassador

    Mao Zedong and Nehru talked about mutual cooperation and the Tibetan issue. Mao stated that cooperation has to be mutually beneficial. He then promised a small number of troops to guard Tibet, and Ambassador Raghavan replied that India trusts China on the Tibet issue.

  • October 21, 1954

    Talking Points from Premier Zhou Enlai’s Third Meeting with Nehru

    Zhou Enlai and Nehru discuss Sino-Indian relations, as well as China and India's views toward Thailand, Indonesia, Korea, Vietnam, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka).

  • March 21, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 3 (Overall Issue No. 6)

    This issue features several State Council decisions that pertained to Tibet, including one that established a preliminary committee for the region. It also covers their response to a report from officials who accompanied the Dalai Lama in March 1955 during his nearly yearlong visit to China. Other records discuss topics such as education and the possible reduction of personnel on the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission for Korea.

  • April 30, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 16 (Overall Issue No. 42)

    This issue includes congratulatory telegrams from Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and Zhou Enlai, which applaud the establishment of a Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region. It also features instructions to prevent forest fires and improve the working conditions of intellectuals. One section discusses admitting new students into summer normal (pedagogical) schools via exams; other reports address provincial administrative concerns.

  • September 22, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 34 (Overall Issue No. 60)

    This issue features the text of a resolution to support the Soviet call for disarmament that passed through the National People's Congress. It also includes a joint statement about relations with Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and summarizes a government visit to Tibet. Other sections address strengthening agricultural production cooperatives, problems in education, and provincial administrative concerns, such as the creation of Linxia Autonomous Prefecture for Hui Muslims in Gansu.

  • October 10, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 36 (Overall Issue No. 62)

    This issue begins with a Sino-Egyptian agreement to promote cultural cooperation. It also outlines organizational guidelines for the Preparatory Committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region. Other sections cover emergency relief for professional folk art performance troupes, holding performances, and various provincial administrative concerns.

  • November 23, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 42 (Overall Issue No. 68)

    This issue covers the second plenary session of the CCP Central Committee and outlines plans for Zhou Enlai to visit seven countries, including the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. It also addresses other topics, such as trade between Tibet and Nepal, controlling counter-revolutionaries, and the Third Ministry of Machine Building for aviation.

  • 1959

    Marginal Note by Mao Zedong on Indian Report on Tibetans in India

    Marginal note written by Mao Zedong, implying that Indian authorities are feigning ignorance of illegal activities perpetrated by Tibetans in India.

  • February 18, 1959

    Marginal Note by Mao Zedong on a 'Situation Report'

    Short marginal note written by Mao Zedong, noting that a chaotic Tibet will be useful for the training of troops and for justifying future pacification.

  • March 31, 1959

    Report by Yuri Andropov, 'On the Situation in Tibet'

    Report on Tibet, detailing the history of PRC-Tibetan relations since 1949 and the social and economic work of the PRC in Tibet. Discusses the activity of the Dalai and Panchen Lamas, and the political unrest in the region. Notes the relations of China, Tibet, and India.

  • April 15, 1959

    Summary of [Mao Zedong's] Speech at the 16th Supreme State Council Meeting

    Mao discusses issues related to Tibet, including his conversations with the Dalai Lama and foreign opposition to Chinese communist actions in the region.

  • May 30, 1959

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria, 'The Bulgarian Deputy Defense Minister’s Reaction to the Tibet Issue'

    Bulgarian Defense Ministry’s first deputy chief expressed his belief that the armed rebellion in Tibet was counterrevolutionary but urged China to be cautious in handling its relation with India

  • June 03, 1959

    Report of Conversation with the General Secretary of the CCP CC, Deng Xiaoping

  • June 12, 1959

    Chinese Report on the Response of Editor-in-Chief of Bulgaria’s "Banner of Agriculture News" to the Tibet Issue

    Editor and Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the Bulgarian "Banner of Agriculture News" talked about the Tibet issue and showed their admiration for the People’s Daily article “Tibet’s Revolution and Nehru’s Philosophy.”

  • September 09, 1959

    Letters Exchanged between the Dalai Lama and Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold

    The Dalai Lama writes to the Secretary-General on the situation in Tibet.