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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 28, 1942

    Decree No. 2352 cc of Ukrainian State Committee of Defence

    This famous, de-classified document officially started the Soviet atomic project aimed at producing the nuclear bomb. The second point of this document orders the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences to establish a plan for the project of Uranium enrichment. F. Lange, a scientist from the Ukraine Institute of Physics and Technology, was appointed as head of this project because he worked previously on theoretical aspects of Uranium enrichment.

  • February, 1943

    Report of Secretariat of Council of People’s Commissars of USSR to V.M. Molotov, 'About the Implementing of Decree No. 2352 cc of State Committee of Defence'

    This report, sent from the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR to V.M. Molotov, informs Molotov that the project for Uranium enrichment was prepared by F. Lange and his colleagues by December, 1942. The installation of this project was planned to be produced outside of Ukraine, in a facility in Kasan.

  • April 01, 1943

    Note of I.Kurchatov for M. Pervukhin, 'About Necessity to Demobilize V.M. Kelman'

    In this document, the "father" of the first Soviet nuclear bomb, Igor Kurchatov, asks the chief of the Soviet ministry of energy, Pervukhin, to help demobilize the Ukranian physicist Veniamin Kelman, who was a fellow of UIPhT before the war. In this note Kurchatov writes about the high quality of the Ukrainian nuclear scientist and about his importance for the development of the Soviet nuclear program. This document once again demonstrates that Ukraine played a significant role in the Soviet military nuclear program.

  • November 16, 1945

    TASS Report Distributed to Cdes. I.V. Stalin, V.M. Molotov, A.I. Mikoyan, L.P. Beria, G.M. Malenkov, V.N. Merkulo, A. Ya. Vyshinsky, and V.G. Dekanozov, 'Radio Broadcast'

    TASS reports on the first car to run on atomic energy, which drove through London on November 4, 1945.

  • November 20, 1946

    Cable No. 641, Dekanozov to Cde. Stalin

    Dekanozov relates a conversation with Ambassador Smith, who indicated that President Truman was interested in control over nuclear energy. Smith would like to meet with Stalin when he returns from Sochi.

  • December 16, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Politburo to Vyshinsky

    A directive from the Politburo, instructing Vyshinsky on voting strategies for a UN draft resolution regarding nuclear armaments control. Vyshinsky is to vote against the draft of the three powers unless India proposes transferring the draft to the Commission; he is also to vote against all points of the draft except the individual secondary provisions.

  • May 13, 1954

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on India's Participation in Nuclear Energy Talks in Ann Arbor, Michigan

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Natural Resources and Scientific Research, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, on whether or not India plans to attend a nuclear energy commission in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

  • May 16, 1956

    Bhabha and Jawaharlal Nehru Correspondence on Indian Nuclear History

    A series of letters between Dr. Bhabha and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru covering a wide range of subjects, including the appropriate venues to voice opinions, the status of the Colaba site, meeting with the Pakistan Association for the Advancement of Science, and issues with coordination between the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Education on scientific research and education. Also includes a copy of a letter from The Tokyo Shimbun requesting Dr. Bhabha’s presence at a forum discussing the justifiability of American hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific.

  • June, 1966

    Directives to Soviet Representatives for Conducting Preliminary Negotiations with the Delegation of Hungarian Experts on the Issue of Rendering Technical Assistance to the HPR in the Construction of an Atomic Power Station

    Directive explaining ways Soviet representatives can help Hungarian experts representing the Hungarian People's Republic construct atomic energy stations.

  • June 16, 1966

    Letter, USSR Ministry of Finance to the Ministry of Finance of the Chinese People’s Republic, Beijing

    The USSR balked at China’s desire for a refund of money contributed to the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research (JINR) after it decided to pull out of the institute.

  • June 16, 1966

    Directive to the Soviet Representative, Vienna

    The USSR was concerned that the IAEA might endeavor to complete an atomic research center in Ghana on which it had already expended considerable resources. This document provides guidance to its Vienna representative.

  • October 13, 1966

    Extract from Protocol No. 23, Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU on 13 October 1966, 'II. On Cooperation between the USSR and the HPR in Construction of Atomic Power Station in Hungary'

    Statement of the Politburo confirming drafts about helping Hungary build a nuclear power station and receive a credit from the Soviet Union for that purpose.

  • October 13, 1966

    USSR Council of Ministers Directive

    The directive provides details on the decision to build the atomic power station in Hungary, and how payment will be handled.

  • March 02, 1967

    Study on the Comparison between IAEA and Euratom Safeguards by the Department of Safeguards

    This paper analyzes the safeguard systems in the Euratom Treaty and the IAEA Statute. The study concludes that Euratom has tighter and more complex control of the materials for which it is responsible, but the methods used in the two systems are comparable and compatible.

  • October 07, 1968

    USSR Council of Ministers Resolution, 'Issue of the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research'

    Resolution about the difficulties and possible solutions for the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research.

  • May 15, 1969

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on Indo-French talks regarding nuclear collaboration.

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the New Delhi talks with French Minister of Atomic and Space Research on the peaceful use of atomic energy.

  • July 31, 1969

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the French Agreement to Help Build a Nuclear Reactor.

    Transcript of questions and answers between the members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the specifics of building a new nuclear reactor and French assistance.

  • December 04, 1969

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on Soviet Help with a Nuclear Power Plant Construction

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Prime Minister, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the falsehood of a Soviet offer to help with construction of a nuclear facility.

  • 1970

    Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Annual Report 1945-1970

    A report explaining the history of the establishment of the Tata Institute for Fundamental Research, its financial and administrative status, and reports on the progress within a number of fields ranging from chemistry to radio astronomy.

  • March 12, 1970

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Proposal of a Nuclear Program Cost Study

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of Rajya Sabha and the Prime Minister, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on whether or not to create a cost study of the Indian nuclear program. Gandhi does not believe it is a necessity.