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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 28, 1942

    Decree No. 2352 cc of Ukrainian State Committee of Defence

    This famous, de-classified document officially started the Soviet atomic project aimed at producing the nuclear bomb. The second point of this document orders the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences to establish a plan for the project of Uranium enrichment. F. Lange, a scientist from the Ukraine Institute of Physics and Technology, was appointed as head of this project because he worked previously on theoretical aspects of Uranium enrichment.

  • February, 1943

    Report of Secretariat of Council of People’s Commissars of USSR to V.M. Molotov, 'About the Implementing of Decree No. 2352 cc of State Committee of Defence'

    This report, sent from the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR to V.M. Molotov, informs Molotov that the project for Uranium enrichment was prepared by F. Lange and his colleagues by December, 1942. The installation of this project was planned to be produced outside of Ukraine, in a facility in Kasan.

  • April 01, 1943

    Note of I.Kurchatov for M. Pervukhin, 'About Necessity to Demobilize V.M. Kelman'

    In this document, the "father" of the first Soviet nuclear bomb, Igor Kurchatov, asks the chief of the Soviet ministry of energy, Pervukhin, to help demobilize the Ukranian physicist Veniamin Kelman, who was a fellow of UIPhT before the war. In this note Kurchatov writes about the high quality of the Ukrainian nuclear scientist and about his importance for the development of the Soviet nuclear program. This document once again demonstrates that Ukraine played a significant role in the Soviet military nuclear program.

  • May 13, 1954

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on India's Participation in Nuclear Energy Talks in Ann Arbor, Michigan

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Natural Resources and Scientific Research, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, on whether or not India plans to attend a nuclear energy commission in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

  • May 16, 1956

    Bhabha and Jawaharlal Nehru Correspondence on Indian Nuclear History

    A series of letters between Dr. Bhabha and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru covering a wide range of subjects, including the appropriate venues to voice opinions, the status of the Colaba site, meeting with the Pakistan Association for the Advancement of Science, and issues with coordination between the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Education on scientific research and education. Also includes a copy of a letter from The Tokyo Shimbun requesting Dr. Bhabha’s presence at a forum discussing the justifiability of American hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific.

  • March 02, 1967

    Study on the Comparison between IAEA and Euratom Safeguards by the Department of Safeguards

    This paper analyzes the safeguard systems in the Euratom Treaty and the IAEA Statute. The study concludes that Euratom has tighter and more complex control of the materials for which it is responsible, but the methods used in the two systems are comparable and compatible.

  • May 15, 1969

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on Indo-French talks regarding nuclear collaboration.

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the New Delhi talks with French Minister of Atomic and Space Research on the peaceful use of atomic energy.

  • July 31, 1969

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the French Agreement to Help Build a Nuclear Reactor.

    Transcript of questions and answers between the members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the specifics of building a new nuclear reactor and French assistance.

  • December 04, 1969

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on Soviet Help with a Nuclear Power Plant Construction

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Prime Minister, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the falsehood of a Soviet offer to help with construction of a nuclear facility.

  • 1970

    Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Annual Report 1945-1970

    A report explaining the history of the establishment of the Tata Institute for Fundamental Research, its financial and administrative status, and reports on the progress within a number of fields ranging from chemistry to radio astronomy.

  • March 12, 1970

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Proposal of a Nuclear Program Cost Study

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of Rajya Sabha and the Prime Minister, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on whether or not to create a cost study of the Indian nuclear program. Gandhi does not believe it is a necessity.

  • November 26, 1970

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on International Underground Nuclear Test Bans

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rayja Sabha and the Prime Minister, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the current international bans on underground nuclear tests and if India plans to renew its policy on underground nuclear tests.

  • November 26, 1970

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on India's Nuclear Program in Respect to China and Pakistan

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the plan to continue India's nuclear policy in respect to Pakistan's promise to use American arms to resolve the Kashmir situation as well as China's latest achievements in the nuclear field.

  • August 17, 1972

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on Nuclear Propulsion Engines for Ships and Power Generators

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the development of nuclear propulsion engines for ships and isotropic power generators for peaceful uses of atomic energy.

  • November 16, 1972

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Status of the Construction of a Nuclear Facility in Kotah

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on construction status of a nuclear facility at Kotah and the details of the "Fourth Five Year Plan". A table detailing the progress of other nuclear facilities is also included.

  • February 22, 1973

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Type of Fuel for the Indian Nuclear Power Program.

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Prime Minister, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on whether to use thorium or uranium as a fuel source for nuclear power. Gandhi reports that thorium would be preferable.

  • March 15, 1973

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Exclusion of Eastern India From the Nuclear Program

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Affairs, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on excluding the Eastern region of India from the nuclear program due to economic reasons.

  • May 03, 1973

    Rajha Sabha Q&A on External Reports of Indian Manufacture of Nuclear Power Plant Components

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Prime Minister, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on an Economic Times report that presented evidence of the Indian manufacture of nuclear components and the best course of action.

  • May 10, 1973

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on a Possible Nuclear Energy Complex in Uttar Pradesh

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the feasibility and cost of constructing a nuclear facility in Western Uttar Pradesh.

  • July 26, 1973

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on Manufacture of Large and Sophisticated Components of Nuclear Power Plants

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Prime Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on whether or not India is capable of domestic production of large and sophisticated nuclear power plant components. Estimated and actual costs are also discussed.