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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 21, 1945

    Decree of the State Defense Committee on Geological Prospecting Work for Oil in Northern Iran

    A decree on prospecting and drilling for oil in Northern Iran, detailing the exact plans of the Soviet Union.

  • July 09, 1945

    Message from General Tyulenev to the Commanding General of the 4th Army

    Plans for the organization of a hyrdogeological detachment to begin prospecting work for oil in northern Iran.

  • April 04, 1946

    Message from Ambassador Sadchikov to Prime Minister Qavam About the Joint Oil Company

    Sadchikov expresses the Soviet government's interest in exploring a joint oil company using Northern Iranian oil.

  • April 04, 1946

    Message from Prime Minister Ahmad Qavam to Ambassador Sadchikov About a Joint Oil Company

    The Shah of Iran agrees to starting a Soviet-Iranian oil company using oil from Northern Iran. The letter contains Iran's conditions for this company and the promise that a treaty will soon follow this letter.

  • April 05, 1946

    Memo from a Telegraph Report of Ashurov from Tehran

    Memo describing the conclusion of Soviet-Iranian negotiations. A joint communique was adopted with provisions to withdraw Soviet troops from Iran, establish a joint oil company, and conduct reforms in Iranian Azerbaijan.

  • April 12, 1946

    Telegram from the CC CP of Azerbaijan to M.D. Bagirov on the Soviet-Iranian agreement

    The Central Committee of the Azerbaijan SSR responds approvingly to the Soviet-Iranian agreement in which the Soviets agreed to withdraw military forces in exchange for oil concessions from Iran.

  • July 22, 1949

    From the Journal of A. A. Gromyko, 'Reception of the Ambassador of Iran in Moscow Nader Arasteh, 21 July 1949'

    A list of outstanding issues between the governments of Iran and the Soviet Union, delivered by the Iranian ambassador in Moscow to A. A. Gromyko. The issues include debts owed to the National Bank of Iran, the USSR's failure to remove wartime infrastructure and return Iranian property, and control of the Iranian fishing industry.

  • 1951

    Draft Instructions to Sadchikov and Chechulin, VKP(b) CC Decree, [with attached table]

    Instructions for Soviet delegation in Iran for preliminary protocol agreements in ongoing financial negotiations. See the attached table.

  • 1951

    Memorandum Concerning Soviet and Iranian Financial Claims, Attached to Draft Instructions to Sadchikov and Chechulin

    Table delineating the agreed upon, proposed, and rejected financial claims of Iran and the Soviet Union. Attached as a memo to a set of draft instructions for Soviet delegates in Iran.

  • July 12, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Decree Draft, Soviet-Iranian Negotiations

    Draft attached to telegram, explaining that the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Relations (MFA) and Ministry of Foreign Trade (MVT) disagree with the idea of suspending negotiations with Iranians. Specifically, this is because they believe the recess will be used against them by the British and Americans in Iran.

  • July 12, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin, Settling Mutual Financial Claims with Iran

    Telegram distributed among top Soviet officials regarding ongoing negotiations between Iran and the USSR over financial claims. Agreements have been reached on some smaller claims, but the main Soviet claim for oil and the main Iranian claim for gold both remain an issue. Telegram suggests that the negotiations be recessed, while noting that the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and Ministry of Foreign Trade (MVT) disagree.

  • September 01, 1951

    Minutes No. 83 of VKP(b) CC Politburo Decisions for the Period 2 August - 7 October 1951

    CPSU Politburo's instructions to Soviet representatives in Iran, regarding the sale of lubricants to Iran.

  • September 14, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin, Soviet-Iranian Financial Negotiations

    Report on the status of Soviet-Iranian negotiations over financial claims. Notes that most claims have been renounced, but issue of returning Iranian gold is still contentious, and advises against notifying Iranian delegation of possible further Soviet concessions.

  • September 29, 1951

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning Instructions to Cdes. Sadchikov and Chechulin Concerning the Issue of the Settlement of the Mutual Financial Claims with Iran'

    Decree sent to Soviet delegation in Iran, instructing them to suspend negotiations with the Iranians, under the pretext of returning to Moscow to report to their government. They are also to reject the Iranian final proposal as premature.

  • September 29, 1951

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Soviet-Iranian Financial Negotiations

    Report distributed among top Soviet officials updating the ongoing Soviet-Iranian negotiations over financial claims. Notes that Soviet delegation has rejected as premature the Iranian offer to begin working on a final protocol, on the grounds that the balance of favor is leaning too far toward Iran at this point.

  • April, 1952

    VKP(b) CC Decree, 'Concerning Instructions to Cde. Sadchikov, the Soviet Ambassador in Iran, in Connection with the Iranian Government's Offer to Sell the Soviet Union Oil'

    Instructions to Soviet representatives in Iran, informing them that they are to show interest in Iranian offers of oil, but ask for specific proposals and note problems with the Soviet oil tanker fleet. Also notes that they emphasize that this issue is tied to that of Soviet-Iranian financial negotiations, and that any problems in this area are not the fault of the Soviet Union.

  • April 11, 1952

    Report to I. V. Stalin on Ambassador Sadchikov's Conversation with Shaoban Kazemi, Kashani's Secretary

    Report on the meeting between Soviet representative, Sadchikov, and Iranian secretary Kashemi, where they discuss the possibility of Iranian sale of oil to the Soviet Union. Sadchikov requests instructions for future meeting. Document reiterates that there should be no Soviet agreement of non-interference in internal Iranian affairs.

  • October 15, 1952

    Report to V. M. Molotov on Draft Instructions to Cde. Sadchikov, the Soviet Ambassador in Iran

    Draft set of instructions for the Soviet Ambassador to Iran, Sadchikov. Indicates several areas for him to pay attention to and report on, specifically Iranian national liberation movements, the "National Front," and plans for nationalizing the oil industry. Also note that he should be especially careful to not appear as if the Soviet Union is taking a stance against Mohammad Mossadegh.

  • February 15, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request for Material Aid to Amirkhizi of the People's Party of Iran

    This note requests the CPSU Central Committee to give 1800 rubles a month to Amirkhizi, a member of the CC of the People's Party of Iran, until permanent work is found for him. Handwritten note at the bottom of the page confirms he received assistance.

  • March 15, 1967

    Minutes of Conversation between Nicolae Ceaușescu and Soltan V.H. Sanandaji, Iran’s New Ambassador to Romania, Bucharest

    Ambassador Sanandaji explained to Ceaușescu in March 1967 that the economic growth of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union would require increasing oil imports that could be met by Iran's growing crude production. The question was how this oil would reach the European market and how it would be distributed within the socialist bloc.