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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 21, 1960

    Polish Diplomat's Notes on Situation in the Far East

    A review of South Korea's 1961 April Revolution.

  • May 16, 1961

    Cable from Qiao Xiaoguang, 'The South Korean Military Coup Situation'

    North Korean and Chinese analyses of Park Chung Hee's coup in South Korea.

  • May 18, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Soviet Newspapers’ Comments on the South Korean Military Coup'

    According to Chinese analysis, the Soviet press described the Park Chung Hee coup in South Korea as reactionary and led by the United States.

  • May 20, 1961

    Telegram from Ambassador Schneidewind on the Situation in Korea

    GDR Ambassador Schneidewind discusses anti-communist demonstrations in North Korea and South Korea's military coup.

  • May 20, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Representative Office in the UK, 'Britain’s Reaction to the South Korean Military Coup'

    The Chinese Diplomatic Representative's Office in Britain reports that the US had no prior intelligence about the South Korean military coup, which the British public believes to be a result of repression under Jang Myeon and growing corruption rather than American interference. While Britain doubts that the coup clique will be able to run South Korea, it has no power to intervene because South Korea falls within the United States' 'sphere of influence.'

  • May 21, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Contents of the May 18th North Korean Party Central Standing Committee Meeting'

    A Chinese report on a Meeting of the Central Standing Committee in which the North Koreans negatively reflected on the Park Chung Hee coup in South Korea.

  • May 26, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Liaison Office in Gaesong, 'Xi-li’s View of the Current Situation in Korea'

    The Chinese Liaison Office in Gaesong describes a Czech General's assessment of the situation in South Korea. According to the General, the May Revolution in South Korea was single-handedly engineered by the United States and the situation is unlikely to be resolved in the absence of an improvement in Sino-US relations.