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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 28, 1952

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Chairman Mao [Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou reports on the latest negotiations with the Soviet Union concerning the Changchun Railway, the Lüshun Port, and a rubber agreement. Zhou and Molotov also discussed the possibility of signing peace treaties with Japan.

  • November 06, 1954

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, ‘Premier Zhou’s Talk with Members of Japan’s Diet’

    Zhou Enlai and Japanese Diet Members discuss Japan's relationship with the United States, the overall trends in Sino-Japanese relations, and some specific issues in Sino-Japanese relations, such as war criminals, fisheries, and communications.

  • 1955

    Information on Japan’s Participation in the Asian-African Conference

    A Chinese report on Japan's participation before the Asian-African Conference. The report observes that the Japanese public paid more attention to this conference than to the previous Bangkok conference and highlighted Tokyo's desire to cooperate with China.

  • April, 1956

    Draft Letter from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Lt. General Choi Duk-shin

    President Rhee drafts an order to Choi Duk Shin to travel to Formosa (Taiwan) and South Vietnam in order to develop diplomatic relations and initiate discussion on a possible Seoul-Saigon-Taipei mutual defense pact. President Rhee specifically requests the exclusion of Japan from the defense pact.

  • April 05, 1956

    Letter from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Lt. General Choi Duk-shin

    President Rhee orders Choi Duk Shin to travel to Formosa (Taiwan) and South Vietnam in order to develop diplomatic relations and initiate discussions on a possible mutual defense pact. President Rhee specifically requests the exclusion of Japan from the defense pact.

  • July 26, 1957

    CDS Report No. 49 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on the recognition of the Federation of Malaya, trade missions between South Korea and South Vietnam, and recent Vietnamese and Southeast Asian affairs.

  • August 02, 1957

    Letter No. 82 from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Minister Duk Shin Choi

    President Rhee clarifies previous message pertaining to South Korea's involvement in the Colombo conference.

  • August 07, 1957

    Report No. 126 from Ho Joon Park to Chung Whan Cho

    Minister Park briefs Minister Cho on Japan's decision to refuse trade with the Philippines on a barter arrangement.

  • December 26, 1957

    Letter No. 104 from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Minister Duk Shin Choi

    Syngman Rhee claims that Japan and Communism pose equal threats to Asia, and discusses the attitudes of the United States, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Thailand toward this "two-fold" danger.

  • September 12, 1959

    Record of Conversation between Comrade Liao Chengzhi and Ishibashi Tanzan

    During a conversation with Ishibashi Tanzan, Liao Chengzhi claims that the Japanese Prime Minister "did many things that hurt the feelings of the Chinese people," perhaps the first use of this now famous phrase in Chinese foreign policy discourse.

  • March 22, 1972

    Memorandum of Conversation between Richard Nixon and Zhou Enlai

  • March 30, 1972

    Telegram from the Japanese Ambassador in Korea to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, 'Observations on the Management of North Korea Issues (I)'

    The Japanese Ambassador in South Korea considers Japan's policies toward the Korean Peninsula in light of the US-China and Japan-China openings.

  • July 27, 1972

    Record of the First Meeting between Takeiri Yoshikatsu and Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai met with Takeiri Yoshikatsu and he mentioned the international status of Taiwan while claiming that "the realization of relations between Japan and China is the desire of all citizens."

  • July 28, 1972

    Record of the Second Meeting between Takeiri Yoshikatsu and Zhou Enlai

    During a conversation with Takeiri, Zhou Enlai questioned the news from Tokyo Shimbun which emphasized that the state of war between Japan and China had ended. In addition, he mentioned the international status of Taiwan and the Vietnam War.

  • July 29, 1972

    Record of the Third Meeting between Takeiri Yoshikatsu and Zhou Enlai

    During a conversation with Takeiri, Zhou Enlai reviewed the main points of their opinions from the first and second rounds of dialogue.

  • September, 1972

    Tacit Agreement between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Japan

    Ohira Masayoshi met with Ji Pengfei and agreed upon tacit agreement which starts with "Taiwan is the territory of the People's Republic of China."

  • September, 1972

    Joint Declaration between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Japan

    Ohira Masayosh and Ji Penfei agreed on the joint declaration between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Japan.

  • September, 1972

    Joint Declaration between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of Japan (Draft)

    The Chinese government and the Japanese government agreed upon a draft of joint declaration, including a state of war between Chian and Japan and an international status of Taiwan.

  • September, 1972

    Explanation for China regarding the Japanese Delegation’s Proposal for the Japan-China Joint Declaration

    Treaties Bureau Chief Takashima explained the Japanese delegation's proposal which includes the issue of the end to the state of war and Taiwan to China.

  • September 25, 1972

    Record of the First Meeting between Prime Minister Tanaka and Premier Zhou Enlai

    Tanaka Kakuei and Zhou Enlai had a conversation over the reasons for delay in diplomatic normalization, including the Japan-Taiwan relationship and the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty.