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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • March 30, 1948

    Message, Willems to Chamberlin, Ennis

    A memorandum from the US Army's Intelligence Division, detailing the Army’s contingency plan in the event of a communist takeover in Italy's 1948 parliamentary elections.

  • December 29, 1975

    Committee for State Security Report on Anti-Soviet Propaganda and Anti-Socialist Elements

    The Committee for State Security reported on statements from the French and Italian Communist party leaders being used in anti-Soviet propaganda and broadcasted on western radio stations. The use of these statements caused a debate over socialist ideology, human rights, and freedoms. The report looks at prior anti-socialist activity and results of actions in places such as Hungary and Poland. The role of the KGB and decrease in crime rate is also discussed.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex A/1: Intervention at the Opening of the Talks (Wednesday, 25 July)

    In this note, the Italian delegation gives some introductory remarks stressing the importance of the ongoing negotiations for peace between China and Vietnam - following the conflict of February 1979 - and China and the Soviet Union - for a new start of state-to-state relations.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex B/3: On Relations between the CCP and the PCI (Notes from Several Meetings with Feng Xuan, Ji Pengfei, and Li Yimang)

    It contains the notes of the July 1979 meetings with Feng Xuan. Feng advocates for good relationship between the two sides based on mutual respect and equality and independence. He talks about the Soviet military threat on China. He stressed that the PCI position that advocates for criticism to other parties on 'important issues' is considered hostile to the CCP if that touches on Sino-Soviet relations. Feng expresses his wish to host in 1980 an official delegation of the CC of the PCI.

  • August 05, 1979

    Antonio Rubbi and Angelo Cliva, 'Note on the Visit to China and on the Confidential Meetings between the Delegations of the PCI and the CCP (24-31 July 1979)'

    In this note dated August 5, 1979, Antonio Rubbi and Angelo Oliva provide a report on the visit to China and on the closed-door meetings between the PCI and CCP delegations from July 24 to 31, 1979. Attached to the note are a number of annexes with the statements made at the meetings.

  • April 22, 1980

    Annex 4/C: Last of Meeting of 22 April at 4:30pm: Hu Yaobang's Questions and Berlinguer's Answers

    Hu Yaobang asks about PCI relations with USA; PCI relations with French Socialists; and Hu's proposal to use the PCI to send Mitterrand a message and an invitation to China.

  • April 22, 1980

    Annex 4/B: Meeting of 22 April 1980: Hu Yaobang's Answers to the Questions of Pajetta

    Hu Yaobang answers to Pajetta's questions on: Lin Biao and the Gang of Four; their influence on foreign policy in 1966-1967 and in 1974; the recognition of Pinochet government in Chile

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 5: Proposals for the Development of Relations between the Two Parties

    The PCI proposes a set of option for future cooperation and Hu Yaobang accepts them all: a CCP delegation to Italy; continuous dialogue between PCI and CCP via the correspondent of Unita in Beijing and Chinese Ambassador in Rome; etc.

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 9: Conversation at the Peking Airport, 25 April 1980

    Berlinguer explains that they cannot invite the French Socialist on behalf of the CCP as the French Communist might get offended. Hu Yaobang said that the CCP was not ready to normalize relations with the French Communists as they were not independent enough yet.

  • May 05, 1980

    Reports on the Meetings of the PCI Delegation with the CCP Delegation and with Hua Guofeng and Deng Xiaoping (Peking, 15-22 April 1980): Chronicle of Stay and Meetings between Delegations

    This document includes a program of the meetings between PCI and CCP held in Beijing from April 15 to 22 1980 and a series of annexes with a collection of minutes from the meetings of the PCI delegation with the CCP delegation and with Hua Guofeng and Deng Xiaoping.

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 4/A: Last Meeting of 22 April at 4:30pm: Questions and Considerations of Pajetta

    Talks between Hu Yaobang, Berlinguer and Pajetta. Pajetta presents a series of questions to the Chinese and give a brief talk stressing respect for the Chinese comrades decisions.

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 8: L'Unita, 'New Stage in Relations between the CCP and the PCI' (26 November 1980)

  • July 12, 1981

    Report 1: Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party, 3-12 July 1981: First Meeting of the Two Delegations, Friday 3 July at 16.00

    Feng Chen exposes the outcome of the 6th Plenum of CC of the CCP elected at the 11th Congress concerning the approval of the document on the history of the CCP.

  • October 27, 1981

    Antonio Rubnbi, 'Note for Comrades: Berlinguer, Pajetta, Bufalini, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter signed by Antonio Rubbi and dated October 27, 1981, this document is a note from Siegmund Ginzberg during his visit to China.

  • November 29, 1981

    Letter, Enrico Berlinguer to Hu Yaobang

    This document dated November 29, 1981 is the final version of a letter from Enrico Berlinguer to Hu Yaobang, President of the Chinese Communist Party, in which he invites his Chinese counterpart to contribute to finding a solution to the situation that has developed in Central and Latin America, especially with regard to US interference in these countries.

  • June 25, 1986

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta, Napolitano, Pajetta, Bufalini, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated June 25, 1986, this document is a report on the meeting between Raffaello De Brasi and Hu Yaobang. The issues covered include the Chinese internal situation, Chinese relations with the USSR and other socialist countries and in particular disarmament, and relations between China and the West.

  • January 08, 1987

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta, Napolitano, Pajetta, Bufalini, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated January 8, 1987, this document is a report from the delegation of the Italian Communist Party led by Reichlin to China from December 3 to 15, 1986. It mainly discusses the state of implementation of economic reforms. As for international affairs, a Chinese official are looking with interest and favor to Gorbachev’s reforms in the USSR.

  • August 07, 1987

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta, Occhetto, Napolitano, Pajetta, Bufalini, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated January 7, 1988, this is a report by Lina Tamburrino from China dated December 26, 1987. It discusses relations between China and USSR, China’s position on Cambodia and the missile treaty.

  • July 07, 1988

    Report on the Visit to China by the Delegation of the Organizing Commission (7-20 June 1988)

    This document - received by the Direction of the PCI on July 7th 1988- is a report on the visit to China of a PCI delegation to China from June 7 to 20, 1988. According to the author, Sandro Morelli, the Chinese expressed their satisfaction with the progress of détente and that relations with the USSR had improved. The main concerns regarded the reform of prices and salaries and the need to accelerate the “urban reform.”

  • May 29, 1989

    Statement of the Communist Party of Italy

    This document dated May 29, 1989, is a statement by the Italian Communist Party in which it expresses solidarity for Chinese students, workers and popular forces who are demanding greater democracy.